Root Causes of Edema in TCM

Explore below more details about what might cause Edema according to TCM.

  • By Syndrome
  • By Organ
  • Dampness
  • Phlegm
  • Yang Deficiency
  • Qi Deficiency
  • Cold
  • Wind
  • Heat
  • Blood Deficiency
  • Yin Excess
  • Qi Stagnation
  • Blood Stasis
Detailed description of the cause

Dampness

"Dampness" in TCM is a concept that describes a pattern of disharmony where the body accumulates excess moisture. Imagine the heavy, sticky feeling you get on a very humid day; that's similar to what dampness feels like internally. It can manifest as a sense of heaviness, bloating, sluggishness, or even a foggy mind. This condition is often thought to arise from environmental factors like living in a damp place, dietary habits that promote moisture in the body, or internal imbalances that hinder the body's ability to process fluids properly. In TCM, dampness can obstruct the normal flow of energy and fluids in the body, leading to various symptoms.... see more

Dampness Patterns That Can Lead to Edema

Common Symptoms: Generalized Fatigue Feeling Of Heaviness Diarrhea Shortness Of Breath Nausea Urinary Dysfunction Lack Of Appetite Absence Of Thirst

Pattern Name Relevant Symptoms Relevant Formulas
Cold-Damp invading the Spleen Edema, Lack of appetite, Epigastric coldness, Head and body heaviness, Sweet taste in mouth, Absence of thirst, Diarrhea, General weakness, Generalized fatigue, Nausea, Dull pale complexion, White vaginal discharge, Upper abdominal fullness... see more Ping Wei San
Damp-Phlegm in the Uterus Edema, Oedema, Late menstruation, Amenorrhea, Scanty menstruation, Lower abdominal pain, Abdominal heaviness, Feeling of oppression of the chest, Generalized fatigue, Diarrhea, Dull pale complexion, Obesity, Infertility, Ovarian cysts, Ovarian fibroids, Polycystic ovary syndrome, Pseudocyesis, Sputum, Feeling of heaviness... see more Bu Zhong Yi Qi Tang | Xiong Gui Er Chen Tang | Xiang Sha Liu Jun Zi Tang | Cang Fu Dao Tan Wan
Oedema Oedema of ankles, Oedema of legs, Oedema of face, Oedema of abdomen, Oedema of feet, Abdominal edema, Ankle edema, Facial edema, Foot edema, Oedema of hands, Leg edema, Ocular swelling, Abdominal distention... see more Ping Wei San | Fang Ji Huang Qi Tang | Zhen Wu Tang | Wu Ling San | Wu Pi Yin | Ling Gui Zhu Gan Tang | Shen Qi Wan | Yu Gong San | Zhou Che Wan
Damp-Phlegm Swollen limbs, Profuse white sputum, Focal distention of the chest, Upper abdominal focal distention, Nausea, Sticky taste in the mouth, Absence of thirst, Obesity, Abdominal fat... see more Xiang Sha Liu Jun Zi Tang | Er Chen Tang | Shen Qi Wan
Kidney Yang Deficiency with Water overflowing Oedema especially of the legs and ankles, Edema of the lower extremities, Cold sensation in legs and back, Abdominal distention, Lumbar pain, Chills, Scanty clear urination, Palpitations, Shortness of breath, Cold hands, White and watery sputum, Coughing, Asthma... see more Ji Sheng Shen Qi Wan | Wu Ling San
Wind-Cold-Water invading the Lungs Oedema of face, Ocular swelling, Shiny complexion, Scanty clear urination, Fever, Coughing, Shortness of breath, Aversion to cold, Facial edema... see more Xiao Qing Long Tang
Damp-Heat in the Gallbladder Swelling of the feet, Hypochondriac pain, Hypochondriac distention, Nausea or vomiting, Fat malabsorption, Dull yellow complexion, Scanty and dark urine, Fever, Dry mouth without desire to drink, Bitter taste in the mouth, Dizziness, Tinnitus, Irritability, Feeling of heaviness, Limb numbness, Foot edema, Alternating diarrhea and constipation, Alternating sensation of hot and cold, Yellow sclera... see more Yin Chen Hao Tang
Wind-Damp Edema, Perspiration, Feeling of heaviness, Urinary dysfunction, Ascites, Rheumatic heart disease, Rheumatoid arthritis, Acute glomerulonephritis, Lumbar disc disease... see more Fang Ji Huang Qi Tang
Spleen Deficiency with Dampness Edema, Feeling of heaviness, Diarrhea, Urinary dysfunction, Glomerulonephritis, Kidney infection, Nephrotic syndrome, Cystitis, Hydrocele, Migraine, Trigeminal neuralgia... see more Wu Ling San
Detailed description of the cause

Phlegm

In TCM "Phlegm" as a pattern of disharmony is a complex concept that extends beyond the physical manifestation of mucus. It represents a pathological factor that can disrupt the flow of Qi (vital energy) and blood, leading to various health issues. Phlegm in TCM is seen as a sticky, turbid substance arising from the body's inability to metabolize fluids properly, often due to a dysfunction of the spleen. It's not only associated with respiratory problems like cough and congestion but also with systemic issues. Symptoms can include a feeling of heaviness, mental cloudiness, dizziness, and in some cases, the formation of lumps or masses. Phlegm can even be "invisible," contributing to emotional disturbances like depression or stress. ... see more

Phlegm Patterns That Can Lead to Edema

Common Symptoms: Feeling Of Heaviness Generalized Fatigue Absence Of Thirst Feeling Of Oppression Of The Chest Obesity Chest Distension Dizziness Shortness Of Breath

Pattern Name Relevant Symptoms Relevant Formulas
Damp-Phlegm in the Uterus Edema, Oedema, Late menstruation, Amenorrhea, Scanty menstruation, Lower abdominal pain, Abdominal heaviness, Feeling of oppression of the chest, Generalized fatigue, Diarrhea, Dull pale complexion, Obesity, Infertility, Ovarian cysts, Ovarian fibroids, Polycystic ovary syndrome, Pseudocyesis, Sputum, Feeling of heaviness... see more Bu Zhong Yi Qi Tang | Xiong Gui Er Chen Tang | Xiang Sha Liu Jun Zi Tang | Cang Fu Dao Tan Wan
Phlegm Oedema, Feeling of oppression of the chest, Head fog, Dizziness Yue Ju Wan | Wen Dan Tang | Ban Xia Hou Pu Tang
Phlegm-Fluids Oedema, Abdominal distention, Vomiting clear liquid, Feeling of heaviness, Shortness of breath, Hypochondrial pain that is worse on coughing and breathing, Coughing, Lack of sweating, Absence of thirst, Edema, Chest distension... see more Wu Ling San | Wen Dan Tang | Er Chen Tang | Ling Gui Zhu Gan Tang
Phlegm-Fluids above the diaphragm Oedema, Coughing, Asthma, Edema, Feeling of oppression of the chest, Dizziness, Profuse white sputum... see more Xiao Qing Long Tang | Ling Gan Wu Wei Jiang Xin Tang
Oedema Oedema of ankles, Oedema of legs, Oedema of face, Oedema of abdomen, Oedema of feet, Abdominal edema, Ankle edema, Facial edema, Foot edema, Oedema of hands, Leg edema, Ocular swelling, Abdominal distention... see more Ping Wei San | Fang Ji Huang Qi Tang | Zhen Wu Tang | Wu Ling San | Wu Pi Yin | Ling Gui Zhu Gan Tang | Shen Qi Wan | Yu Gong San | Zhou Che Wan
Phlegm-Fluids in the limbs Superficial edema in the extremities, Swollen limbs, Feeling of heaviness, Muscle pain, Lack of sweating, Absence of thirst, Profuse white sputum, Urinary dysfunction... see more Xiao Qing Long Tang | Da Qing Long Tang
Damp-Phlegm Swollen limbs, Profuse white sputum, Focal distention of the chest, Upper abdominal focal distention, Nausea, Sticky taste in the mouth, Absence of thirst, Obesity, Abdominal fat... see more Xiang Sha Liu Jun Zi Tang | Er Chen Tang | Shen Qi Wan
Detailed description of the cause

Yang Deficiency

Yang deficiency in TCM refers to a state where the body's Yang energy, which is responsible for warmth, activity, and function, is weakened or diminished. This pattern of disharmony often arises from chronic illness, aging, or inherent constitutional weakness. Symptoms of Yang deficiency are typically associated with cold and sluggishness, such as a feeling of coldness, cold extremities, pale complexion, low energy or fatigue, and a desire for warmth. Digestive issues like poor appetite, loose stools, and water retention can also be indicative of Yang deficiency.... see more

Yang Deficiency Patterns That Can Lead to Edema

Common Symptoms: Chills Diarrhea Generalized Fatigue General Weakness Pale Face Cold Extremities Frequent Urination Lack Of Appetite

Pattern Name Relevant Symptoms Relevant Formulas
Spleen Yang Deficiency Edema, Slight abdominal distension after eating, General weakness, Desire to lie in fetal position, Pale face, Cold extremities, Chills, Undigested food in stools, Excessive gas and flatulence, Bloated abdomen, Abdominal pain relieved by pressure and warmth, Dull shallow face... see more Bu Zhong Yi Qi Tang | Yi Huang Tang | Zhen Wu Tang | Huang Tu Tang
Yang Deficiency or Empty Yang Edema, Chills, General cold feeling, Pale urine, Undigested food in stools, General weakness, Abdominal pain relieved by pressure and warmth, Frequent urination, Polyuria, Nocturia, White vaginal discharge... see more Ba Wei Di Huang Wan | You Gui Wan
Kidney Yang Deficiency Oedema of ankles, Oedema of legs, Edema of the lower extremities, Lower back pain, Dizziness, Tinnitus, Weak and cold knees, Lower back coldness, Chills, Weak legs, Bright pale face, Generalized fatigue, General weakness, Leg edema, Female infertility, Diarrhea, Depression, Erectile dysfunction, Premature ejaculation, Oligospermia, Low sex drive, Pale and abudant urination... see more Ba Wei Di Huang Wan | You Gui Wan | Shen Qi Wan | Er Xian Tang | Wu Zi Yan Zong Wan | Tu Si Zi Wan
Kidney and Spleen Yang Deficiency Oedema of legs, Lower back pain, Weak and cold knees, Back cold sensation, Chills, Weak legs, Bright pale face, Erectile dysfunction, Premature ejaculation, Oligospermia, Watery ejaculate, Low sex drive, Generalized fatigue, General weakness, Clear urination, Nocturia, Apathy, Leg edema, Female infertility, Diarrhea, Depression, Lack of appetite, Slight abdominal distention, Desire to lie down... see more Li Zhong Wan
Kidney Yang Deficiency with Water overflowing Oedema especially of the legs and ankles, Edema of the lower extremities, Cold sensation in legs and back, Abdominal distention, Lumbar pain, Chills, Scanty clear urination, Palpitations, Shortness of breath, Cold hands, White and watery sputum, Coughing, Asthma... see more Ji Sheng Shen Qi Wan | Wu Ling San
Spleen or Kidney Yang Deficiency Edema, Abdominal pain that worsens with cold, Urinary dysfunction, Deep pain and heaviness in limbs, Dizziness, Heavy sensation in the head, Diarrhea, Palpitations, Coughing, Vomit, Congestive heart failure... see more Zhen Wu Tang
Spleen and Kidney Yang Deficiency Oedema of limbs, Oedema of face, Pale face, Facial edema, Abdominal distention, Cold extremities, Shortness of breath, Diarrhea, Frequent urination, Lupus... see more Wu Ling San
Detailed description of the cause

Qi Deficiency

Qi Deficiency in TCM is like running low on battery power. Qi is the vital energy that powers every function in your body. When there's a Qi Deficiency, it means your body doesn't have enough of this essential energy. This can make you feel tired all the time, weak, or even cause shortness of breath. It's similar to how you feel when you haven't had enough sleep or nutritious food. Your body just doesn't have the energy it needs to perform at its best. Unlike modern medicine, which often focuses on specific physical causes for fatigue and weakness, TCM views Qi Deficiency as an overall energy depletion that affects your entire well-being, and it seeks to replenish and balance this vital energy.... see more

Qi Deficiency Patterns That Can Lead to Edema

Common Symptoms: Generalized Fatigue Diarrhea Sticky Vaginal Discharge Depression White Vaginal Discharge Lack Of Appetite Amenorrhea Back Pain

Pattern Name Relevant Symptoms Relevant Formulas
Qi and Blood Deficiency Edema, General weakness, Generalized fatigue, Weak voice, Pale face, Shortness of breath, Palpitations, Dizziness, Poor memory, Insomnia, Reluctance to speak, Lack of appetite, Limb numbness, Skin numbness... see more Ba Zhen Yi Mu Tang | Sheng Yu Tang
Spleen Deficiency Edema, Sticky vaginal discharge, Generalized fatigue, Depression, Cold extremities, Diarrhea, White vaginal discharge, Lack of appetite, Amenorrhea, Dull shallow face, Weak limbs... see more Wan Dai Tang | Bu Zhong Yi Qi Tang | Yi Huang Tang
Spleen Deficiency with Dampness Edema, Feeling of heaviness, Diarrhea, Urinary dysfunction, Glomerulonephritis, Kidney infection, Nephrotic syndrome, Cystitis, Hydrocele, Migraine, Trigeminal neuralgia... see more Wu Ling San
Detailed description of the cause

Cold

In TCM "Cold" as a pattern of disharmony refers to a specific type of imbalance within the body's systems, often linked to a deficiency or weakness. It's not about feeling physically cold or having a common cold, but rather a metaphorical description of certain symptoms and underlying conditions. When a TCM practitioner says someone suffers from "Cold," it usually implies that the body's Yang energy, which is warm and active, is insufficient or overpowered by Yin energy, which is cool and passive. Symptoms of Cold in TCM can include a general feeling of coldness, cold limbs, pale complexion, low energy, slow metabolism, and a preference for warmth. ... see more

Cold Patterns That Can Lead to Edema

Common Symptoms: Lack Of Appetite Epigastric Coldness Head And Body Heaviness Sweet Taste In Mouth Absence Of Thirst Diarrhea General Weakness Generalized Fatigue

Pattern Name Relevant Symptoms Relevant Formulas
Cold-Damp invading the Spleen Edema, Lack of appetite, Epigastric coldness, Head and body heaviness, Sweet taste in mouth, Absence of thirst, Diarrhea, General weakness, Generalized fatigue, Nausea, Dull pale complexion, White vaginal discharge, Upper abdominal fullness... see more Ping Wei San
Wind-Cold-Water invading the Lungs Oedema of face, Ocular swelling, Shiny complexion, Scanty clear urination, Fever, Coughing, Shortness of breath, Aversion to cold, Facial edema... see more Xiao Qing Long Tang
Detailed description of the cause

Wind

In TCM "Wind" is a concept that represents a pattern of disharmony, often characterized by its sudden and unpredictable nature, much like a gusty wind changing direction without warning. This pattern is associated with symptoms that come and go quickly or move around the body, such as itching, tremors, or even certain types of pain. Wind is considered to be a primary cause of illnesses that have these rapidly changing characteristics. In TCM, external Wind often refers to illnesses that start suddenly, like the common cold, believed to be caused by external pathogenic factors like climatic changes. On the other hand, internal Wind can be linked to internal imbalances and can manifest in conditions like dizziness or spasms. ... see more

Wind Patterns That Can Lead to Edema

Common Symptoms: Perspiration Feeling Of Heaviness Urinary Dysfunction Ascites Rheumatic Heart Disease Rheumatoid Arthritis Acute Glomerulonephritis Lumbar Disc Disease

Pattern Name Relevant Symptoms Relevant Formulas
Wind-Cold-Water invading the Lungs Oedema of face, Ocular swelling, Shiny complexion, Scanty clear urination, Fever, Coughing, Shortness of breath, Aversion to cold, Facial edema... see more Xiao Qing Long Tang
Wind-Damp Edema, Perspiration, Feeling of heaviness, Urinary dysfunction, Ascites, Rheumatic heart disease, Rheumatoid arthritis, Acute glomerulonephritis, Lumbar disc disease... see more Fang Ji Huang Qi Tang
Detailed description of the cause

Heat

In TCM "Heat" signifies an excess of Yang energy, leading to an imbalance where heat predominates over the body's cool Yin aspects. This condition is metaphorically akin to an internal over-heating. Symptoms indicative of Heat can include feelings of warmth, fever, sweating, irritability, red face, thirst with a preference for cold drinks, and a rapid pulse. The tongue may appear red with a yellow coating. Unlike the common interpretation of heat in terms of temperature, in TCM, it represents a state of hyperactivity or inflammation in the body.... see more

Heat Patterns That Can Lead to Edema

Common Symptoms: Fever Pus And Discharge Boils Carbuncles Pustule Red Skin Eruptions Sore Throat Eczema

Pattern Name Relevant Symptoms Relevant Formulas
Toxic-Heat Swellings, Fever, Edema, Pus and discharge, Boils, Carbuncles, Pustule, Red skin eruptions, Sore throat, Eczema, Perineum swollen, Prostate swollen, Testicular swelling, Mouth ulcers, Tonsil swelling... see more Yin Qiao San | Sang Ju Yin | Bai Hu Tang | Long Dan Xie Gan Tang | Qing Ying Tang | Xi Jiao Di Huang Tang | Huang Lian Jie Du Tang | Xin Yi Qing Fei Yin | Gan Lu Xiao Du Dan | Shi Wei Bai Du San | San Zhong Kui Jian Tang | Zi Dang Gao | Er Qing Gao | Bing Peng San | Pu Ji Xiao Du Yin | Wu Wei Xiao Du Yin
Damp-Heat in the Gallbladder Swelling of the feet, Hypochondriac pain, Hypochondriac distention, Nausea or vomiting, Fat malabsorption, Dull yellow complexion, Scanty and dark urine, Fever, Dry mouth without desire to drink, Bitter taste in the mouth, Dizziness, Tinnitus, Irritability, Feeling of heaviness, Limb numbness, Foot edema, Alternating diarrhea and constipation, Alternating sensation of hot and cold, Yellow sclera... see more Yin Chen Hao Tang
Detailed description of the cause

Blood Deficiency

Blood Deficiency in TCM is like when your body's tank runs low on the vital energy that blood provides. It's not exactly the same as anemia in modern medicine, which is about having too few red blood cells. Instead, Blood Deficiency in TCM is about your body not having enough of the life-giving qualities that blood brings, like nourishment and moisture. This can make you feel tired, look pale, and even feel dizzy or have blurry vision. It's like a garden not getting enough water to stay lush and vibrant. TCM sees this as an imbalance where the body isn't being nourished as it should be, impacting overall health and well-being.... see more

Blood Deficiency Patterns That Can Lead to Edema

Pattern Name Relevant Symptoms Relevant Formulas
Qi and Blood Deficiency Edema, General weakness, Generalized fatigue, Weak voice, Pale face, Shortness of breath, Palpitations, Dizziness, Poor memory, Insomnia, Reluctance to speak, Lack of appetite, Limb numbness, Skin numbness... see more Ba Zhen Yi Mu Tang | Sheng Yu Tang
Detailed description of the cause

Yin Excess

Yin Excess in TCM is a pattern of disharmony characterized by an overabundance of Yin energy, leading to symptoms of dampness and coldness in the body. This condition often results from an imbalance where the cooling, moistening aspects of Yin overshadow the warm, active qualities of Yang energy. Symptoms can include a feeling of heaviness, lethargy, cold sensations, pale complexion, and possibly edema or fluid retention. Digestive issues such as poor appetite, bloating, and loose stools may also be present, reflecting the impact of excess Yin on the body's metabolic processes. Treatment in TCM for Yin Excess focuses on reducing the excess Yin and stimulating Yang energy to restore balance. ... see more

Yin Excess Patterns That Can Lead to Edema

Pattern Name Relevant Symptoms Relevant Formulas
Yin Excess Edema, Absence of thirst, Slow and forceful movement, Epigastric pain worsen by pressure, Polyuria, Feeling of oppression of the chest, Nausea, Excessive vaginal discharge, Lack of appetite, Pain relieved by heat, Chills, Cold extremities, Pale urine... see more Wu Ling San | Wu Pi Yin
Detailed description of the cause

Qi Stagnation

Qi Stagnation in TCM is like having a traffic jam in your body's energy system. Qi, the vital life force that flows through your body, is supposed to move smoothly to maintain health and balance. But with Qi Stagnation, this flow gets blocked or slowed down, like cars stuck on a highway. This can lead to symptoms like feeling stressed, emotional mood swings, and physical discomfort, often described as a feeling of fullness or tightness, especially in the chest or abdomen. It's as though the body's internal energy circulation is disrupted, causing various issues. TCM sees this as an energy flow problem, different from modern medicine's focus on specific physiological processes.... see more

Qi Stagnation Patterns That Can Lead to Edema

Pattern Name Relevant Symptoms Relevant Formulas
Qi And Blood Stagnation Swelling of the feet, Chest distension, Chest pain, Stabbing fixed pain, Dark face, Purple lips, Purple nails, Irritability, Mood swings, Depression, Mottled skin, Foot edema, Abdominal masses, Melena black tarry stool, Menstrual cramps, Amenorrhea, Dark menstrual clots, Dark menstrual blood, Prolonged lochia, Irregular periods... see more Xue Fu Zhu Yu Tang | Shen Tong Zhu Yu Tang | Shao Fu Zhu Yu Tang | Ge Xia Zhu Yu Tang | Chai Hu Shu Gan San | Shi Xiao San | Qi Li San | Dan Shen Yin | Guo Qi Yin
Detailed description of the cause

Blood Stasis

Blood Stasis in TCM is a concept where the blood flow in the body is not as smooth or efficient as it should be. Imagine a river that's supposed to flow freely, but instead, it's getting blocked or moving too slowly in some parts. This can lead to various health issues, like pain that feels sharp or stabbing, dark bruises, and a complexion that looks purplish. TCM believes that good health relies on the smooth and vibrant flow of Qi and blood throughout the body, so when blood gets stuck, it's like a traffic jam in your body, leading to discomfort or health problems.... see more

Blood Stasis Patterns That Can Lead to Edema

Pattern Name Relevant Symptoms Relevant Formulas
Qi And Blood Stagnation Swelling of the feet, Chest distension, Chest pain, Stabbing fixed pain, Dark face, Purple lips, Purple nails, Irritability, Mood swings, Depression, Mottled skin, Foot edema, Abdominal masses, Melena black tarry stool, Menstrual cramps, Amenorrhea, Dark menstrual clots, Dark menstrual blood, Prolonged lochia, Irregular periods... see more Xue Fu Zhu Yu Tang | Shen Tong Zhu Yu Tang | Shao Fu Zhu Yu Tang | Ge Xia Zhu Yu Tang | Chai Hu Shu Gan San | Shi Xiao San | Qi Li San | Dan Shen Yin | Guo Qi Yin
Detailed description of the cause

Spleen

In TCM the Spleen plays a vital role in digestion and transformation, converting food into energy and nutrients, and overseeing the distribution of Qi and Blood. It's also crucial in maintaining the health of muscles and limbs and ensuring the blood remains within the vessels. When the Spleen malfunctions in TCM, it can lead to a variety of issues such as digestive disorders, fatigue, weak muscles, bloating, and a feeling of heaviness. It can also cause a pale complexion, poor appetite, and a tendency to bruise easily. Emotionally, a Spleen imbalance is often associated with excessive worry or overthinking, reflecting its role in the interplay between physical and mental health.... see more

Spleen Patterns That Can Lead to Edema

Common Symptoms: Diarrhea Generalized Fatigue Lack Of Appetite Depression Cold Extremities White Vaginal Discharge General Weakness Chills

Pattern Name Relevant Symptoms Relevant Formulas
Cold-Damp invading the Spleen Edema, Lack of appetite, Epigastric coldness, Head and body heaviness, Sweet taste in mouth, Absence of thirst, Diarrhea, General weakness, Generalized fatigue, Nausea, Dull pale complexion, White vaginal discharge, Upper abdominal fullness... see more Ping Wei San
Spleen Yang Deficiency Edema, Slight abdominal distension after eating, General weakness, Desire to lie in fetal position, Pale face, Cold extremities, Chills, Undigested food in stools, Excessive gas and flatulence, Bloated abdomen, Abdominal pain relieved by pressure and warmth, Dull shallow face... see more Bu Zhong Yi Qi Tang | Yi Huang Tang | Zhen Wu Tang | Huang Tu Tang
Kidney and Spleen Yang Deficiency Oedema of legs, Lower back pain, Weak and cold knees, Back cold sensation, Chills, Weak legs, Bright pale face, Erectile dysfunction, Premature ejaculation, Oligospermia, Watery ejaculate, Low sex drive, Generalized fatigue, General weakness, Clear urination, Nocturia, Apathy, Leg edema, Female infertility, Diarrhea, Depression, Lack of appetite, Slight abdominal distention, Desire to lie down... see more Li Zhong Wan
Spleen Deficiency Edema, Sticky vaginal discharge, Generalized fatigue, Depression, Cold extremities, Diarrhea, White vaginal discharge, Lack of appetite, Amenorrhea, Dull shallow face, Weak limbs... see more Wan Dai Tang | Bu Zhong Yi Qi Tang | Yi Huang Tang
Spleen Deficiency with Dampness Edema, Feeling of heaviness, Diarrhea, Urinary dysfunction, Glomerulonephritis, Kidney infection, Nephrotic syndrome, Cystitis, Hydrocele, Migraine, Trigeminal neuralgia... see more Wu Ling San
Spleen or Kidney Yang Deficiency Edema, Abdominal pain that worsens with cold, Urinary dysfunction, Deep pain and heaviness in limbs, Dizziness, Heavy sensation in the head, Diarrhea, Palpitations, Coughing, Vomit, Congestive heart failure... see more Zhen Wu Tang
Spleen and Kidney Yang Deficiency Oedema of limbs, Oedema of face, Pale face, Facial edema, Abdominal distention, Cold extremities, Shortness of breath, Diarrhea, Frequent urination, Lupus... see more Wu Ling San
Detailed description of the cause

Kidney

In TCM the Kidneys are regarded as the body's most fundamental reservoir of Essence, known as Jing, which influences growth, reproduction, and aging. They are not just organs for filtering blood, but a holistic system governing vital life forces. When the Kidneys malfunction in TCM, it can manifest as a variety of health issues, such as chronic fatigue, reproductive problems, imbalances in fluid metabolism leading to edema or dryness, lower back pain, and a sense of fear or insecurity.... see more

Kidney Patterns That Can Lead to Edema

Common Symptoms: Diarrhea Chills Dizziness Coughing Tinnitus Generalized Fatigue Depression Frequent Urination

Pattern Name Relevant Symptoms Relevant Formulas
Kidney Yang Deficiency Oedema of ankles, Oedema of legs, Edema of the lower extremities, Lower back pain, Dizziness, Tinnitus, Weak and cold knees, Lower back coldness, Chills, Weak legs, Bright pale face, Generalized fatigue, General weakness, Leg edema, Female infertility, Diarrhea, Depression, Erectile dysfunction, Premature ejaculation, Oligospermia, Low sex drive, Pale and abudant urination... see more Ba Wei Di Huang Wan | You Gui Wan | Shen Qi Wan | Er Xian Tang | Wu Zi Yan Zong Wan | Tu Si Zi Wan
Kidney and Spleen Yang Deficiency Oedema of legs, Lower back pain, Weak and cold knees, Back cold sensation, Chills, Weak legs, Bright pale face, Erectile dysfunction, Premature ejaculation, Oligospermia, Watery ejaculate, Low sex drive, Generalized fatigue, General weakness, Clear urination, Nocturia, Apathy, Leg edema, Female infertility, Diarrhea, Depression, Lack of appetite, Slight abdominal distention, Desire to lie down... see more Li Zhong Wan
Kidney Yang Deficiency with Water overflowing Oedema especially of the legs and ankles, Edema of the lower extremities, Cold sensation in legs and back, Abdominal distention, Lumbar pain, Chills, Scanty clear urination, Palpitations, Shortness of breath, Cold hands, White and watery sputum, Coughing, Asthma... see more Ji Sheng Shen Qi Wan | Wu Ling San
Kidneys failing to receive Qi Swelling of the face, Exertional dyspnea, Rapid respiration, Weak respiratory, Difficulty breathing in, Chronic coughing, Asthma, Spontaneous sweat, Cold extremities, Facial edema, Emaciation, Low energy, Lower back pain, Dizziness, Tinnitus, Clear urination... see more You Gui Wan | Su Zi Jiang Qi Tang | Ren Shen Ge Jie San
Spleen or Kidney Yang Deficiency Edema, Abdominal pain that worsens with cold, Urinary dysfunction, Deep pain and heaviness in limbs, Dizziness, Heavy sensation in the head, Diarrhea, Palpitations, Coughing, Vomit, Congestive heart failure... see more Zhen Wu Tang
Spleen and Kidney Yang Deficiency Oedema of limbs, Oedema of face, Pale face, Facial edema, Abdominal distention, Cold extremities, Shortness of breath, Diarrhea, Frequent urination, Lupus... see more Wu Ling San
Detailed description of the cause

Uterus

In TCM the Uterus (or "Bao Gong") is not just a reproductive organ but a vital system closely linked to Kidney energy, responsible for menstrual health, fertility, and pregnancy. It's also connected to the Heart and Liver, reflecting the importance of emotional and blood health in reproductive wellness. In TCM, the Uterus is seen as a reservoir of Blood and Qi, crucial for reproductive health and general vitality. When the Uterus malfunctions or is imbalanced, it can lead to menstrual irregularities, infertility, miscarriages, or menopausal symptoms. Additionally, there might be symptoms like lower abdominal pain or emotional disturbances such as mood swings, often linked to Liver Qi stagnation. These manifestations highlight the TCM perspective that the health of the Uterus is intertwined with the overall balance of energy and blood in the body, as well as emotional well-being.... see more

Uterus Patterns That Can Lead to Edema

Pattern Name Relevant Symptoms Relevant Formulas
Damp-Phlegm in the Uterus Edema, Oedema, Late menstruation, Amenorrhea, Scanty menstruation, Lower abdominal pain, Abdominal heaviness, Feeling of oppression of the chest, Generalized fatigue, Diarrhea, Dull pale complexion, Obesity, Infertility, Ovarian cysts, Ovarian fibroids, Polycystic ovary syndrome, Pseudocyesis, Sputum, Feeling of heaviness... see more Bu Zhong Yi Qi Tang | Xiong Gui Er Chen Tang | Xiang Sha Liu Jun Zi Tang | Cang Fu Dao Tan Wan
Detailed description of the cause

Lung

In TCM the Lungs are seen as the organ responsible for controlling Qi and respiration, as well as being a key part of the body's defensive system. They are thought to maintain the balance and flow of air and moisture, and are closely linked to the skin and hair. When the Lungs are imbalanced or malfunctioning in TCM, it can lead to respiratory issues like coughing or asthma, a weakened immune system, dry skin, and emotional disturbances such as sadness or grief. These symptoms are believed to arise from disruptions in the Lungs' ability to regulate Qi and protect the body, highlighting their central role in maintaining overall health and well-being.... see more

Lung Patterns That Can Lead to Edema

Pattern Name Relevant Symptoms Relevant Formulas
Wind-Cold-Water invading the Lungs Oedema of face, Ocular swelling, Shiny complexion, Scanty clear urination, Fever, Coughing, Shortness of breath, Aversion to cold, Facial edema... see more Xiao Qing Long Tang
Detailed description of the cause

Gallbladder

In TCM the Gallbladder has a unique role in storing and excreting bile, but more importantly, it's seen as crucial for decision-making and courage. It's closely connected to the Liver, assisting in the smooth flow of Qi (vital energy) and supporting the Liver's role in maintaining emotional balance. When the Gallbladder malfunctions or is imbalanced in TCM, it can lead to physical symptoms like gallstones, jaundice, or a bitter taste in the mouth. There might also be digestive disturbances, particularly related to fat metabolism. On an emotional level, a Gallbladder disorder can manifest as indecisiveness, timidity, or a tendency to easily succumb to stress. These symptoms highlight the TCM view of the Gallbladder as integral to both physical processes and emotional resilience.... see more

Gallbladder Patterns That Can Lead to Edema

Pattern Name Relevant Symptoms Relevant Formulas
Damp-Heat in the Gallbladder Swelling of the feet, Hypochondriac pain, Hypochondriac distention, Nausea or vomiting, Fat malabsorption, Dull yellow complexion, Scanty and dark urine, Fever, Dry mouth without desire to drink, Bitter taste in the mouth, Dizziness, Tinnitus, Irritability, Feeling of heaviness, Limb numbness, Foot edema, Alternating diarrhea and constipation, Alternating sensation of hot and cold, Yellow sclera... see more Yin Chen Hao Tang

TCM Herbal Formulas for Edema

Explore below some TCM herbal formulas used to address edema, organized by cause and by formula type.

  • By Cause
  • By Formula Type
  • Dampness
  • Phlegm
  • Yang Deficiency
  • Qi Deficiency
  • Cold
  • Wind
  • Heat
  • Blood Deficiency
  • Yin Excess
  • Qi Stagnation
  • Blood Stasis
  • Formulas that invigorate blood and dispel blood stagnation
  • Formulas that warm yang and tonify
  • Formulas that dry dampness and transform phlegm
  • External formulas for external disorders
  • Formulas that tonify qi
  • Formulas that promote urination and leach out dampness
  • Formulas that promote qi movement
  • Formulas that clear external abscesses and sores
  • Formulas that secure irregular uterine bleeding and stop vaginal discharge
  • Formulas that tonify blood
  • Formulas that warm and transform water and dampness
  • Formulas that clear wind-Cold
  • Formulas that clear heat from the organs
  • Formulas that clear nutritive-level heat
  • Formulas that clear heat and resolve toxicity
  • Formulas that clear heat and expel dampness
  • Formulas that drive out excess water
  • Formulas that nourish yin and tonify
  • Formulas that transform dampness and harmonize stomach
  • Formulas that dispel phlegm
  • Formulas that tonify
  • Formulas that stop bleeding
  • Formulas that expel dampness
  • Formulas that warm and transform phlegm-Cold
  • Formulas that clear wind-Heat
  • Formulas that clear qi-level heat
  • Formulas that dispel wind-Damp
  • Formulas that warm the middle and dispel cold
  • Formulas that tonify yin and yang
  • Formulas for a rebellious qi
  • Formulas that regulate blood

All Formulas Recommended for Edema Caused by Dampness

Formula Patterns Suitable For
Wu Ling San Spleen Deficiency with Dampness, Oedema, Kidney Yang Deficiency with Water overflowing... see more
Shen Qi Wan Oedema, Damp-Phlegm
Ping Wei San Cold-Damp invading the Spleen, Oedema
Fang Ji Huang Qi Tang Wind-Damp, Oedema
Xiang Sha Liu Jun Zi Tang Damp-Phlegm in the Uterus, Damp-Phlegm
Bu Zhong Yi Qi Tang Damp-Phlegm in the Uterus
Zhen Wu Tang Oedema
Xiao Qing Long Tang Wind-Cold-Water invading the Lungs
Wu Pi Yin Oedema
Ling Gui Zhu Gan Tang Oedema
Er Chen Tang Damp-Phlegm
Xiong Gui Er Chen Tang Damp-Phlegm in the Uterus
Cang Fu Dao Tan Wan Damp-Phlegm in the Uterus
Yu Gong San Oedema
Zhou Che Wan Oedema
Ji Sheng Shen Qi Wan Kidney Yang Deficiency with Water overflowing
Yin Chen Hao Tang Damp-Heat in the Gallbladder

All Formulas Recommended for Edema Caused by Phlegm

Formula Patterns Suitable For
Wu Ling San Phlegm-Fluids, Oedema
Xiao Qing Long Tang Phlegm-Fluids above the diaphragm, Phlegm-Fluids in the limbs
Shen Qi Wan Oedema, Damp-Phlegm
Xiang Sha Liu Jun Zi Tang Damp-Phlegm in the Uterus, Damp-Phlegm
Wen Dan Tang Phlegm, Phlegm-Fluids
Er Chen Tang Phlegm-Fluids, Damp-Phlegm
Ling Gui Zhu Gan Tang Phlegm-Fluids, Oedema
Bu Zhong Yi Qi Tang Damp-Phlegm in the Uterus
Zhen Wu Tang Oedema
Ping Wei San Oedema
Fang Ji Huang Qi Tang Oedema
Wu Pi Yin Oedema
Xiong Gui Er Chen Tang Damp-Phlegm in the Uterus
Cang Fu Dao Tan Wan Damp-Phlegm in the Uterus
Yue Ju Wan Phlegm
Ban Xia Hou Pu Tang Phlegm
Ling Gan Wu Wei Jiang Xin Tang Phlegm-Fluids above the diaphragm
Yu Gong San Oedema
Zhou Che Wan Oedema
Da Qing Long Tang Phlegm-Fluids in the limbs

All Formulas Recommended for Edema Caused by Yang Deficiency

Formula Patterns Suitable For
Wu Ling San Spleen and Kidney Yang Deficiency, Kidney Yang Deficiency with Water overflowing
Zhen Wu Tang Spleen Yang Deficiency, Spleen or Kidney Yang Deficiency
You Gui Wan Yang Deficiency or Empty Yang, Kidney Yang Deficiency
Ba Wei Di Huang Wan Yang Deficiency or Empty Yang, Kidney Yang Deficiency
Bu Zhong Yi Qi Tang Spleen Yang Deficiency
Shen Qi Wan Kidney Yang Deficiency
Yi Huang Tang Spleen Yang Deficiency
Huang Tu Tang Spleen Yang Deficiency
Er Xian Tang Kidney Yang Deficiency
Wu Zi Yan Zong Wan Kidney Yang Deficiency
Tu Si Zi Wan Kidney Yang Deficiency
Li Zhong Wan Kidney and Spleen Yang Deficiency
Ji Sheng Shen Qi Wan Kidney Yang Deficiency with Water overflowing

All Formulas Recommended for Edema Caused by Qi Deficiency

Formula Patterns Suitable For
Wu Ling San Spleen Deficiency with Dampness
Bu Zhong Yi Qi Tang Spleen Deficiency
Yi Huang Tang Spleen Deficiency
Wan Dai Tang Spleen Deficiency
Ba Zhen Yi Mu Tang Qi and Blood Deficiency
Sheng Yu Tang Qi and Blood Deficiency

All Formulas Recommended for Edema Caused by Cold

Formula Patterns Suitable For
Xiao Qing Long Tang Wind-Cold-Water invading the Lungs
Ping Wei San Cold-Damp invading the Spleen

All Formulas Recommended for Edema Caused by Wind

Formula Patterns Suitable For
Xiao Qing Long Tang Wind-Cold-Water invading the Lungs
Fang Ji Huang Qi Tang Wind-Damp

All Formulas Recommended for Edema Caused by Heat

Formula Patterns Suitable For
Yin Qiao San Toxic-Heat
Sang Ju Yin Toxic-Heat
Bai Hu Tang Toxic-Heat
Long Dan Xie Gan Tang Toxic-Heat
Qing Ying Tang Toxic-Heat
Xi Jiao Di Huang Tang Toxic-Heat
Huang Lian Jie Du Tang Toxic-Heat
Xin Yi Qing Fei Yin Toxic-Heat
Gan Lu Xiao Du Dan Toxic-Heat
Shi Wei Bai Du San Toxic-Heat
San Zhong Kui Jian Tang Toxic-Heat
Zi Dang Gao Toxic-Heat
Er Qing Gao Toxic-Heat
Bing Peng San Toxic-Heat
Pu Ji Xiao Du Yin Toxic-Heat
Wu Wei Xiao Du Yin Toxic-Heat
Yin Chen Hao Tang Damp-Heat in the Gallbladder

All Formulas Recommended for Edema Caused by Blood Deficiency

Formula Patterns Suitable For
Ba Zhen Yi Mu Tang Qi and Blood Deficiency
Sheng Yu Tang Qi and Blood Deficiency

All Formulas Recommended for Edema Caused by Yin Excess

Formula Patterns Suitable For
Wu Ling San Yin Excess
Wu Pi Yin Yin Excess

All Formulas Recommended for Edema Caused by Qi Stagnation

Formula Patterns Suitable For
Xue Fu Zhu Yu Tang Qi And Blood Stagnation
Shen Tong Zhu Yu Tang Qi And Blood Stagnation
Shao Fu Zhu Yu Tang Qi And Blood Stagnation
Ge Xia Zhu Yu Tang Qi And Blood Stagnation
Chai Hu Shu Gan San Qi And Blood Stagnation
Shi Xiao San Qi And Blood Stagnation
Qi Li San Qi And Blood Stagnation
Dan Shen Yin Qi And Blood Stagnation
Guo Qi Yin Qi And Blood Stagnation

All Formulas Recommended for Edema Caused by Blood Stasis

Formula Patterns Suitable For
Xue Fu Zhu Yu Tang Qi And Blood Stagnation
Shen Tong Zhu Yu Tang Qi And Blood Stagnation
Shao Fu Zhu Yu Tang Qi And Blood Stagnation
Ge Xia Zhu Yu Tang Qi And Blood Stagnation
Chai Hu Shu Gan San Qi And Blood Stagnation
Shi Xiao San Qi And Blood Stagnation
Qi Li San Qi And Blood Stagnation
Dan Shen Yin Qi And Blood Stagnation
Guo Qi Yin Qi And Blood Stagnation

All "formulas that promote urination and leach out dampness" recommended for edema

Formula Patterns Suitable For (if applicable)
Wu Ling San Spleen Deficiency with Dampness, Yin Excess, Phlegm-Fluids, Oedema, Spleen and Kidney Yang Deficiency, Kidney Yang Deficiency with Water overflowing... see more
Fang Ji Huang Qi Tang Wind-Damp, Oedema
Wu Pi Yin Yin Excess, Oedema

All "formulas that warm yang and tonify" recommended for edema

Formula Patterns Suitable For (if applicable)
You Gui Wan Yang Deficiency or Empty Yang, Kidney Yang Deficiency, Kidneys failing to receive Qi... see more
Shen Qi Wan Oedema, Damp-Phlegm, Kidney Yang Deficiency
Ji Sheng Shen Qi Wan Kidney Yang Deficiency with Water overflowing
Wu Zi Yan Zong Wan Kidney Yang Deficiency
Tu Si Zi Wan Kidney Yang Deficiency

All "formulas that dry dampness and transform phlegm" recommended for edema

Formula Patterns Suitable For (if applicable)
Wen Dan Tang Phlegm, Phlegm-Fluids
Er Chen Tang Phlegm-Fluids, Damp-Phlegm
Xiong Gui Er Chen Tang Damp-Phlegm in the Uterus
Cang Fu Dao Tan Wan Damp-Phlegm in the Uterus

All "formulas that tonify qi" recommended for edema

Formula Patterns Suitable For (if applicable)
Bu Zhong Yi Qi Tang Spleen Deficiency, Spleen Yang Deficiency, Damp-Phlegm in the Uterus
Ren Shen Ge Jie San Kidneys failing to receive Qi
Bu Fei Tang Not applicable

All "formulas that warm and transform water and dampness" recommended for edema

Formula Patterns Suitable For (if applicable)
Zhen Wu Tang Spleen Yang Deficiency, Spleen or Kidney Yang Deficiency, Oedema
Ling Gui Zhu Gan Tang Phlegm-Fluids, Oedema

All "formulas that clear wind-Cold" recommended for edema

Formula Patterns Suitable For (if applicable)
Xiao Qing Long Tang Phlegm-Fluids above the diaphragm, Phlegm-Fluids in the limbs, Wind-Cold-Water invading the Lungs... see more
Da Qing Long Tang Phlegm-Fluids in the limbs

All "formulas that promote qi movement" recommended for edema

Formula Patterns Suitable For (if applicable)
Yue Ju Wan Phlegm
Ban Xia Hou Pu Tang Phlegm
Chai Hu Shu Gan San Qi And Blood Stagnation

All "formulas that secure irregular uterine bleeding and stop vaginal discharge" recommended for edema

Formula Patterns Suitable For (if applicable)
Yi Huang Tang Spleen Deficiency, Spleen Yang Deficiency
Wan Dai Tang Spleen Deficiency

All "formulas that tonify blood" recommended for edema

Formula Patterns Suitable For (if applicable)
Sheng Yu Tang Qi and Blood Deficiency
Guo Qi Yin Qi And Blood Stagnation

All "formulas that clear heat and expel dampness" recommended for edema

Formula Patterns Suitable For (if applicable)
Gan Lu Xiao Du Dan Toxic-Heat
Yin Chen Hao Tang Damp-Heat in the Gallbladder

All "formulas that invigorate blood and dispel blood stagnation" recommended for edema

Formula Patterns Suitable For (if applicable)
Xue Fu Zhu Yu Tang Qi And Blood Stagnation
Shao Fu Zhu Yu Tang Qi And Blood Stagnation
Ge Xia Zhu Yu Tang Qi And Blood Stagnation
Shi Xiao San Qi And Blood Stagnation
Qi Li San Qi And Blood Stagnation
Dan Shen Yin Qi And Blood Stagnation
Shu Jing Huo Xue Tang Not applicable

All "external formulas for external disorders" recommended for edema

Formula Patterns Suitable For (if applicable)
Yin Qiao San Toxic-Heat
Zi Dang Gao Toxic-Heat
Er Qing Gao Toxic-Heat
Bing Peng San Toxic-Heat

All "formulas that clear external abscesses and sores" recommended for edema

Formula Patterns Suitable For (if applicable)
Shi Wei Bai Du San Toxic-Heat
San Zhong Kui Jian Tang Toxic-Heat
Wu Wei Xiao Du Yin Toxic-Heat

All "formulas that clear heat from the organs" recommended for edema

Formula Patterns Suitable For (if applicable)
Long Dan Xie Gan Tang Toxic-Heat
Xin Yi Qing Fei Yin Toxic-Heat

All "formulas that clear nutritive-level heat" recommended for edema

Formula Patterns Suitable For (if applicable)
Qing Ying Tang Toxic-Heat
Xi Jiao Di Huang Tang Toxic-Heat

All "formulas that clear heat and resolve toxicity" recommended for edema

Formula Patterns Suitable For (if applicable)
Huang Lian Jie Du Tang Toxic-Heat
Pu Ji Xiao Du Yin Toxic-Heat

All "formulas that drive out excess water" recommended for edema

Formula Patterns Suitable For (if applicable)
Yu Gong San Oedema
Zhou Che Wan Oedema

Acupoints for Edema

Explore below some acupoints used to address edema, organized by meridian.

  • By Meridian
  • Stomach Channel
  • Bladder Channel
  • Spleen Channel
  • Governing Vessel
  • Large Intestine Channel
  • Directing Vessel
  • Triple Burner Channel
  • Gall Bladder Channel
  • Kidney Channel
  • Lung Channel
  • Small Intestine Channel
  • Extra Points: Lower Extremities (EX-LE)
Daying ST-5

Daying ST-5

On the lateral mandible, on the anterior border of masseter muscle, in the groove-like depression appearing when the cheek is bulged.

Guanmen ST-22

Guanmen ST-22

3 cun above the umbilicus and 2 cun lateral to the anterior midline.

Tianshu ST-25

Tianshu ST-25

2 cun lateral to the center of the umbilicus.

Shuidao ST-28

Shuidao ST-28

3 cun below the umbilicus, 2 cun lateral to anterior midline.

Yinshi ST-33

Yinshi ST-33

3 cun above the upper-lateral border of the patella, on a line between the lateral patellar border and the anterior superior iliac spine (ASIS).

Zusanli ST-36

Zusanli ST-36

3 cun below Dubi ST-35, one finger breadth lateral to the anterior crest of the tibia, on the tibialis anterior muscle.

Tiaokou ST-38

Tiaokou ST-38

8 cun below Dubi ST-35, midway between Dubi ST-35 and Jiexi ST-41, one middle finger-width from the anterior crest of the tibia.

Fenglong ST-40

Fenglong ST-40

Midway between Dubi ST-35 and Jiexi ST-41, two middle finger-width from the anterior crest of the tibia, or one middle finger-width from Tiaokou ST-38.

Xiangu ST-43

Xiangu ST-43

On the dorsum of the foot, in the depression between the 2nd and 3rd metatarsal bones, at the level of the junction of the shafts and the heads of these metatarsal bones.

Lidui ST-45

Lidui ST-45

On the lateral side of the 2nd toe, about 0.1 cun posterior to the corner of nail.

Geshu BL-17

Geshu BL-17

1.5 cun lateral to the lower border of the spinous process of the 7th thoracic vertebra (T7).

Weishu BL-21

Weishu BL-21

1.5 cun lateral to the lower border of the spinous process of the 12th thoracic vertebra (T12).

Sanjiaoshu BL-22

Sanjiaoshu BL-22

1.5 cun lateral to the lower border of the spinous process of the 1st lumbar vertebra.

Shenshu BL-23

Shenshu BL-23

1.5 cun lateral to the lower border of the spinous process of the 2nd lumber vertebra (L2).

Weiyang BL-39

Weiyang BL-39

At the lateral end of the popliteal crease, on the medial border of the tendon of biceps femoris muscle, 1 cun lateral to Weizhong BL-40 which is the midpoint of the popliteal crease. It is also 1 cun below Fuxi BL-38.

Weicang BL-50

Weicang BL-50

3 cun lateral to the lower border of the spinous process of the 12th thoracic vertebra (T12).

Baohuang BL-53

Baohuang BL-53

At the level of the 2nd posterior sacral foramen, 3 cun lateral to the posterior midline.

Dadu SP-2

Dadu SP-2

On the medial aspect of the big toe, at the junction of the shaft and the base of the proximal phalanx, distal to the 1st metatarsophalangeal joint.

Sanyinjiao SP-6

Sanyinjiao SP-6

3 cun directly above the tip of the medial malleolus, on the posterior border of the tibia, on the line drawn from the medial malleolus to Yinlingquan SP-9.

Lougu SP-7

Lougu SP-7

6 cun above the tip of the medial malleolus, 3 cun above Sanyinjiao SP-6.

Yinlingquan SP-9

Yinlingquan SP-9

On the lower border of the medial condyle of the tibia, in the depression between the posterior border of the tibia and gastrocnemius muscle.

Shidou SP-17

Shidou SP-17

6 cun lateral to the anterior midline, 2 cun lateral to the mamillary line, in the 5th intercostal space.

Qianding DU-21

Qianding DU-21

On the midline, 1.5 cun anterior to Baihui DU-20 or 3.5 cun posterior to the anterior hairline.

Xinhui DU-22

Xinhui DU-22

On the head midline, 3 cun anterior to Baihui DU-20, 2 cun posterior to the front hairline.

Renzhong DU-26

Renzhong DU-26

Below the nose, a little above the midpoint of the philtrum.

Duiduan DU-27

Duiduan DU-27

On the midline, at the junction of the philtrum and the upper lip.

Hegu LI-4

Hegu LI-4

Between the 1st and 2nd metacarpal bones, approximately in the middle of the 2nd metacarpal bone on the radial side.

Pianli LI-6

Pianli LI-6

3 cun above Yangxi LI-5, on the line joining Yangxi LI-5 and Quchi LI-11.

Yingxiang LI-20

Yingxiang LI-20

In the nasolabrial groove, at the level of the midpoint of the lateral border of ala nasi.

Shimen REN-5

Shimen REN-5

On the midline of the abdomen, 2 cun below the umbilicus.

Shuifen REN-9

Shuifen REN-9

On the midline of the abdomen, 1 cun above the umbilicus.

Chengjiang REN-24

Chengjiang REN-24

On the midline, in the center of the mentolabial groove.

Zhongzhu TB-3

Zhongzhu TB-3

When the hand is placed with the palm facing downward, Zhongzhu TB-3 is on the hand dorsum between the 4th and 5th metacarpal bones, in the depression proximal to the metacarpophalangeal joints, at the junction between the heads and shaft of the two metacarpal bones.

Yangchi TB-4

Yangchi TB-4

At the junction of the ulna carpal bones of the wrist dorsum, in the depression lateral to the tendon of extensor digitorum and extensor digiti minimi muscle.

Waiguan TB-5

Waiguan TB-5

2 cun above Yangchi TB-4 at the dorsal wrist joint space, between the radius and ulna.

Muchuang GB-16

Muchuang GB-16

1 cun posterior to the Toulingqi GB-15 or 1.5 cun posterior to the anterior hairline, on the pupil line which is 2.25 cun lateral to the midline.

Xiaxi GB-43

Xiaxi GB-43

Between the 4th and 5th toes, proximal to the margin of the interdigital web.

Fuliu KID-7

Fuliu KID-7

2 cun directly above Taixi KID-3, on the anterior border of Achilles tendon.

Chize LU-5

Chize LU-5

On the cubital crease, on the redial aspect of the biceps tendon. It can be easily identified when the elbow is slightly flexed.

Xiaohai SI-8

Xiaohai SI-8

Between the olecranon of the ulna and the medial epicondyle of the humerus.

Qiduan EX-LE-12

Qiduan EX-LE-12

On the tips of the 10 toes.