What is Back Pain?

Back pain, a common medical complaint, encompasses various forms of discomfort occurring along the spine. Ranging from chronic lower back pain to acute upper back soreness, it's a symptom that affects people of all ages, often impeding daily activities.

Causes can be diverse, including muscular strain, disc problems, or spinal misalignments. Chronicity and severity can vary, making it a complex condition to manage.

How Does TCM View Back Pain?

Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) perceives back pain not merely as a physical symptom but as a sign of disharmony within the body's energy systems. In TCM, pain is often a manifestation of blocked or unbalanced Qi (vital energy) and Blood flow.

TCM identifies various patterns of disharmony causing back pain, such as Yin or Yang Deficiencies, Qi Stagnation, or external pathogenic factors like Cold or Dampness. Treatment focuses on restoring balance and smooth flow of Qi and Blood.

Root Causes of Back Pain in TCM

TCM attributes back pain to several causes, with Yin Deficiency and Yang Deficiency being prominent ones.

Heart Yin Deficiency, for instance, may present with back pain alongside symptoms like night sweats and a feeling of uneasiness.

Kidney Yin Deficiency could manifest as back pain with additional symptoms like hearing loss and dry mouth at night. In contrast, Kidney Yang Deficiency may cause back pain with coldness in the lower back and fatigue. Each of these patterns requires a different treatment approach in TCM, targeting the specific imbalance causing the pain.

Explore below more details about what might cause Back pain according to TCM.

  • By Syndrome
  • By Organ
  • Yin Deficiency
  • Yang Deficiency
  • Cold
  • Heat
  • Qi Deficiency
  • Dampness
  • Blood Deficiency
  • Wind
  • Yang Excess
  • Phlegm
  • Essence Deficiency
  • Blood Stasis
  • Qi Stagnation
Detailed description of the cause

Yin Deficiency

Yin deficiency in TCM is a pattern of disharmony characterized by a depletion of the body's Yin energy, which represents the cooling, moistening, and nurturing aspects of our physiology. This condition often arises from factors like chronic stress, overwork, insufficient rest, or prolonged illness. Symptoms of Yin deficiency can include a sensation of heat, especially in the afternoon or evening, night sweats, insomnia, a dry mouth or throat, and a red tongue with little coating. There might also be a general feeling of restlessness or irritability. Since Yin is essential for balancing the body's active and warm Yang energy, its deficiency leads to a relative excess of Yang, manifesting as heat or dryness symptoms.... see more

Yin Deficiency Patterns That Can Lead to Back Pain

Common Symptoms: Dizziness Night Sweats Tinnitus Dry Throat Insomnia Dry Mouth Lower Back Pain Flushed Cheekbones

Pattern Name Relevant Symptoms Relevant Formulas
Heart Yin Deficiency Back pain, Night sweats, Feeling of uneasiness, Feeling hot, Heat sensation in palms Tian Wang Bu Xin Dan
Kidney Yin Deficiency Back pain, Sore back, Lower back pain, Perspiration, Hearing loss, Dry mouth and throat at night, Constipation, Scanty and dark urine, Infertility, Premature ejaculation, Generalized fatigue, General weakness, Depression, Anxiety, Heat sensation in palms, Evening heat sensation, Flushed cheekbones, Menopausal hot flashes, Preference for sipping, Evening anxiety... see more Liu Wei Di Huang Wan | Qi Ju Di Huang Wan | Zuo Gui Wan | Zhi Bo Di Huang Wan | Bai Zi Yang Xin Tang 2 | Qi Bao Mei Ran Dan | Zuo Gui Yin | Dang Gui Di Huang Yin | Dan Zhi Xiao Yao San
Kidney and Liver Yin Deficiency Sore back, Lower back pain, Soreness and weakness in the lower back, Dizziness, Tinnitus, Hearing loss, Vertical headaches, Occipital headache, Insomnia, Limb numbness, Tingling of limbs, Dry eyes, Blurry vision, Dry throat, Dry hair, Skin dryness, Withered and brittle nails, Vaginal dryness, Night sweats, Dry stools, Nocturnal emission, Scanty menstruation, Amenorrhea, Late menstruation, Infertility... see more Liu Wei Di Huang Wan | Qi Ju Di Huang Wan | Si Wu Tang | Zuo Gui Wan | Zhi Bo Di Huang Wan | Zuo Gui Yin | Gui Shao Di Huang Tang | He Che Da Zao Wan | Tiao Gan Tang | Qing Gu San | Yi Guan Jian | Ming Mu Di Huang Wan
Kidney and Lung Yin Deficiency Lower back pain, Dizziness, Tinnitus, Night dry coughing, Dry throat, Dry mouth, Emaciation, Exertional dyspnea, Night sweats, Hearing loss, Oliguria... see more Ba Xian Chang Shou Wan
Kidney Yin Deficiency With Empty-Heat Blazing Lower back pain, Flushed cheekbones, Restlessness, Insomnia, Night sweats, Low grade fever in the afternoon, Heat sensation in palms, Afternoon heat sensation, Evening heat sensation, Scanty and dark urine, Hematuria, Dry throat, Preference for sipping, Dizziness, Tinnitus, Hearing loss, Nocturnal emission, Hypersexuality, Dry stools... see more Liu Wei Di Huang Wan | Zhi Bo Di Huang Wan
Kidney and Liver Yin Deficiency causing Heat in the Blood Back pain, Dizziness, Tinnitus, Night sweats, Dark urine, Bleeding between periods Liu Wei Di Huang Wan | Liang Di Tang | Er Zhi Wan | Zuo Gui Wan
Deficiency of both the Kidney Yin and Yang Back pain, Menopausal symptoms, Hypertension, Irregular periods, Menopausal hot flashes, Perspiration, Irritability, Generalized fatigue, General weakness, Depression, Palpitations... see more Er Zhi Wan | Er Xian Tang
Kidney-Deficiency Back pain, Sore back, Scanty menstruation, Pale menstrual flow, Knee pain, Dizziness, Tinnitus, Frequent urination, Late menstruation, Chills, Cold extremities, Pale face... see more Liang Di Tang | Er Zhi Wan | Zuo Gui Wan | You Gui Wan | Dang Gui Di Huang Yin | Shi Quan Da Bu Tang | He Che Da Zao Wan
Disharmony between Heart and Kidneys Soreness and weakness in the lower back, Dizziness, Tinnitus, Insomnia, Palpitations, Poor memory, Lower back pain, Knee pain, Night sweats, Constipation, Menopausal hot flashes... see more Tian Wang Bu Xin Dan | Liu Wei Di Huang Wan
Deficiency of the Liver and Kidney Yin Soreness and weakness in the lower back, Sore knees, Lower back pain, Knee weakness, Dry mouth, Dry tongue, Dizziness, Blurry vision, Insomnia, Vivid dreaming, Hair graying... see more Er Zhi Wan
Detailed description of the cause

Yang Deficiency

Yang deficiency in TCM refers to a state where the body's Yang energy, which is responsible for warmth, activity, and function, is weakened or diminished. This pattern of disharmony often arises from chronic illness, aging, or inherent constitutional weakness. Symptoms of Yang deficiency are typically associated with cold and sluggishness, such as a feeling of coldness, cold extremities, pale complexion, low energy or fatigue, and a desire for warmth. Digestive issues like poor appetite, loose stools, and water retention can also be indicative of Yang deficiency.... see more

Yang Deficiency Patterns That Can Lead to Back Pain

Common Symptoms: Chills Generalized Fatigue Depression Lower Back Pain Dizziness Tinnitus General Weakness Diarrhea

Pattern Name Relevant Symptoms Relevant Formulas
Kidney Yang Deficiency Back pain, Sore back, Lower back pain, Sore lower back, Soreness and weakness in the lower back, Dizziness, Tinnitus, Weak and cold knees, Lower back coldness, Chills, Weak legs, Bright pale face, Generalized fatigue, General weakness, Leg edema, Female infertility, Diarrhea, Depression, Erectile dysfunction, Premature ejaculation, Oligospermia, Low sex drive, Pale and abudant urination... see more Wu Zi Yan Zong Wan | Er Xian Tang | You Gui Wan | Tu Si Zi Wan | Shen Qi Wan | Ji Sheng Shen Qi Wan | Ba Wei Di Huang Wan
Kidney and Spleen Yang Deficiency Lower back pain, Weak and cold knees, Back cold sensation, Chills, Weak legs, Bright pale face, Erectile dysfunction, Premature ejaculation, Oligospermia, Watery ejaculate, Low sex drive, Generalized fatigue, General weakness, Clear urination, Nocturia, Apathy, Leg edema, Female infertility, Diarrhea, Depression, Lack of appetite, Slight abdominal distention, Desire to lie down... see more Li Zhong Wan
Wind-Cold invading with Yang Deficiency Soreness of the lower back, Lower back pain, Low grade fever, Severe chills, Exhaustion, Hypersomnia, Cold extremities, Lumbar pain, Lower back coldness, General cold feeling, Lack of sweating, Headaches, Weak voice... see more Ma Huang Xi Xin Fu Zi Tang | Zai Zao San
Kidney Yang Deficiency with Water overflowing Soreness of the lower back, Edema of the lower extremities, Cold sensation in legs and back, Abdominal distention, Lumbar pain, Chills, Scanty clear urination, Palpitations, Shortness of breath, Cold hands, White and watery sputum, Coughing, Asthma... see more Wu Ling San | Ji Sheng Shen Qi Wan
Spleen or Kidney Yang Deficiency Back pain, Abdominal pain that worsens with cold, Urinary dysfunction, Deep pain and heaviness in limbs, Dizziness, Heavy sensation in the head, Edema, Diarrhea, Palpitations, Coughing, Vomit... see more Gu Ben Zhi Beng Tang
Deficiency of both the Kidney Yin and Yang Back pain, Menopausal symptoms, Hypertension, Irregular periods, Menopausal hot flashes, Perspiration, Irritability, Generalized fatigue, General weakness, Depression, Palpitations... see more Er Zhi Wan | Er Xian Tang
Detailed description of the cause

Cold

In TCM "Cold" as a pattern of disharmony refers to a specific type of imbalance within the body's systems, often linked to a deficiency or weakness. It's not about feeling physically cold or having a common cold, but rather a metaphorical description of certain symptoms and underlying conditions. When a TCM practitioner says someone suffers from "Cold," it usually implies that the body's Yang energy, which is warm and active, is insufficient or overpowered by Yin energy, which is cool and passive. Symptoms of Cold in TCM can include a general feeling of coldness, cold limbs, pale complexion, low energy, slow metabolism, and a preference for warmth. ... see more

Cold Patterns That Can Lead to Back Pain

Common Symptoms: Chills Lower Back Pain Cold Extremities Frequent Urination Abdominal Pain Diarrhea Menstrual Cramps Dark Menstrual Clots

Pattern Name Relevant Symptoms Relevant Formulas
Damp-Cold Back pain, Mouth ulcers, White and watery sputum, Nasal discharge, Sneezing, Chills, Abdominal pain, Cold extremities, Arthralgia, Diarrhea, Feeling of heaviness... see more Wei Ling Tang
Cold in the Uterus Sore back, Diarrhea, Lack of appetite, Generalized fatigue, General weakness, Thin vaginal discharge... see more Wen Jing Tang | Shao Fu Zhu Yu Tang | Wen Qi Hua Shi Tang
Bladder Deficient and Cold Lower back pain, Frequent urination, Pale and abudant urination, Urinary or fecal incontinence, Enuresis, Dizziness, Nocturia, White urethral discharge, Chills... see more Sang Piao Xiao San | Suo Quan Wan
Wind-Cold invading with Yang Deficiency Soreness of the lower back, Lower back pain, Low grade fever, Severe chills, Exhaustion, Hypersomnia, Cold extremities, Lumbar pain, Lower back coldness, General cold feeling, Lack of sweating, Headaches, Weak voice... see more Ma Huang Xi Xin Fu Zi Tang | Zai Zao San
Bladder Deficiency with Cold Lower back pain, Confusion, Poor memory, Urinary or fecal incontinence, Dizziness, White urethral discharge, Chills, Frequent urination, Cloudy urine, Pediatric nocturnal enuresis, Diabetes... see more Sang Piao Xiao San
Blood Stagnation in the Lower Burner caused by Cold Lower back pain, Abdominal masses, Lower abdominal pain, Lower abdominal distension, Abnormal uterine bleeding, Menstrual cramps, Dark menstrual clots... see more Shao Fu Zhu Yu Tang
Detailed description of the cause

Heat

In TCM "Heat" signifies an excess of Yang energy, leading to an imbalance where heat predominates over the body's cool Yin aspects. This condition is metaphorically akin to an internal over-heating. Symptoms indicative of Heat can include feelings of warmth, fever, sweating, irritability, red face, thirst with a preference for cold drinks, and a rapid pulse. The tongue may appear red with a yellow coating. Unlike the common interpretation of heat in terms of temperature, in TCM, it represents a state of hyperactivity or inflammation in the body.... see more

Heat Patterns That Can Lead to Back Pain

Common Symptoms: Lower Back Pain Dizziness Tinnitus Night Sweats Scanty And Dark Urine Dry Mouth Dry Throat Restlessness

Pattern Name Relevant Symptoms Relevant Formulas
Toxic-Heat Lower back pain, Fever, Edema, Pus and discharge, Boils, Carbuncles, Pustule, Red skin eruptions, Sore throat, Eczema, Perineum swollen, Prostate swollen, Testicular swelling, Mouth ulcers, Tonsil swelling... see more Wu Wei Xiao Du Yin
Kidney Yin Deficiency With Empty-Heat Blazing Lower back pain, Flushed cheekbones, Restlessness, Insomnia, Night sweats, Low grade fever in the afternoon, Heat sensation in palms, Afternoon heat sensation, Evening heat sensation, Scanty and dark urine, Hematuria, Dry throat, Preference for sipping, Dizziness, Tinnitus, Hearing loss, Nocturnal emission, Hypersexuality, Dry stools... see more Liu Wei Di Huang Wan | Zhi Bo Di Huang Wan
Damp-Heat Sore lower back, Fever, Neck gland swelling, Headaches, Tight feeling in chest and stomach, Sticky taste in the mouth, Absence of thirst, Feeling hot, Feeling of heaviness, Bitter taste in the mouth, Acne... see more Er Miao San | Xiao Yao San | Qing Re Tiao Xue Tang
Kidney and Liver Yin Deficiency causing Heat in the Blood Back pain, Dizziness, Tinnitus, Night sweats, Dark urine, Bleeding between periods Liu Wei Di Huang Wan | Liang Di Tang | Er Zhi Wan | Zuo Gui Wan
Damp-Heat in the Lower Burner Lower back pain, Scanty and yellow urine, Weakness of lower extremities, Red and swollen feet, Swollen knee, Thick greasy vaginal secretions, Ulcers on the lower limbs, Scanty and dark urine, Painful urination, Dry mouth, Dry throat... see more Er Miao San
Disharmony between Heart and Kidneys Soreness and weakness in the lower back, Dizziness, Tinnitus, Insomnia, Palpitations, Poor memory, Lower back pain, Knee pain, Night sweats, Constipation, Menopausal hot flashes... see more Tian Wang Bu Xin Dan | Liu Wei Di Huang Wan
Detailed description of the cause

Qi Deficiency

Qi Deficiency in TCM is like running low on battery power. Qi is the vital energy that powers every function in your body. When there's a Qi Deficiency, it means your body doesn't have enough of this essential energy. This can make you feel tired all the time, weak, or even cause shortness of breath. It's similar to how you feel when you haven't had enough sleep or nutritious food. Your body just doesn't have the energy it needs to perform at its best. Unlike modern medicine, which often focuses on specific physical causes for fatigue and weakness, TCM views Qi Deficiency as an overall energy depletion that affects your entire well-being, and it seeks to replenish and balance this vital energy.... see more

Qi Deficiency Patterns That Can Lead to Back Pain

Common Symptoms: Generalized Fatigue Dizziness Depression Cold Extremities Diarrhea White Vaginal Discharge Lack Of Appetite Amenorrhea

Pattern Name Relevant Symptoms Relevant Formulas
Kidney Qi Deficiency Back pain, Hearing loss, Dizziness, Tinnitus, Frequent urination, Nocturia, Premature ejaculation, Excessive menstruation... see more Qing E Wan
Kidney Qi not Firm Back pain, Sore lower back, Lower back pain, Lower back weakness, Polyuria, Weak urine stream, Enuresis, Nocturnal emission, Generalized fatigue, Chills, Cold extremities, White vaginal discharge, Bearing down sensation in abdomen, Recurrent miscarriage... see more Qing E Wan | You Gui Wan | Jin Suo Gu Jing Wan | Fu Tu Dan | Tu Si Zi Wan
Qi and Blood Deficiency Sore back, General weakness, Generalized fatigue, Weak voice, Pale face, Shortness of breath, Palpitations, Dizziness, Poor memory, Insomnia, Reluctance to speak, Lack of appetite, Limb numbness, Skin numbness... see more Ba Zhen Yi Mu Tang | Sheng Yu Tang
Spleen Deficiency Sore back, Sticky vaginal discharge, Generalized fatigue, Depression, Cold extremities, Diarrhea, White vaginal discharge, Lack of appetite, Amenorrhea, Dull shallow face, Weak limbs... see more Wan Dai Tang | Bu Zhong Yi Qi Tang | Yi Huang Tang
Spleen or Kidney Qi Deficiency Lower back pain, Early menstruation, Pale menstrual flow, Dizziness, Chills, Nocturia, Thin menstrual blood, Shortness of breath, Palpitations, Spontaneous sweat, Generalized fatigue... see more Bu Zhong Yi Qi Tang | He Che Da Zao Wan | Gui Pi Tang
Detailed description of the cause

Dampness

"Dampness" in TCM is a concept that describes a pattern of disharmony where the body accumulates excess moisture. Imagine the heavy, sticky feeling you get on a very humid day; that's similar to what dampness feels like internally. It can manifest as a sense of heaviness, bloating, sluggishness, or even a foggy mind. This condition is often thought to arise from environmental factors like living in a damp place, dietary habits that promote moisture in the body, or internal imbalances that hinder the body's ability to process fluids properly. In TCM, dampness can obstruct the normal flow of energy and fluids in the body, leading to various symptoms.... see more

Dampness Patterns That Can Lead to Back Pain

Common Symptoms: Diarrhea Feeling Of Heaviness White And Watery Sputum Chills Cold Extremities Arthralgia Fever Acne

Pattern Name Relevant Symptoms Relevant Formulas
Damp-Cold Back pain, Mouth ulcers, White and watery sputum, Nasal discharge, Sneezing, Chills, Abdominal pain, Cold extremities, Arthralgia, Diarrhea, Feeling of heaviness... see more Wei Ling Tang
Oedema Sore back, Abdominal edema, Ankle edema, Facial edema, Foot edema, Oedema of hands, Leg edema, Ocular swelling, Abdominal distention... see more Shen Qi Wan | Wu Ling San | Fang Ji Huang Qi Tang | Ping Wei San | Wu Pi Yin | Ling Gui Zhu Gan Tang | Zhen Wu Tang | Yu Gong San | Zhou Che Wan
Kidney Yang Deficiency with Water overflowing Soreness of the lower back, Edema of the lower extremities, Cold sensation in legs and back, Abdominal distention, Lumbar pain, Chills, Scanty clear urination, Palpitations, Shortness of breath, Cold hands, White and watery sputum, Coughing, Asthma... see more Wu Ling San | Ji Sheng Shen Qi Wan
Damp-Heat Sore lower back, Fever, Neck gland swelling, Headaches, Tight feeling in chest and stomach, Sticky taste in the mouth, Absence of thirst, Feeling hot, Feeling of heaviness, Bitter taste in the mouth, Acne... see more Er Miao San | Xiao Yao San | Qing Re Tiao Xue Tang
Damp-Heat in the Lower Burner Lower back pain, Scanty and yellow urine, Weakness of lower extremities, Red and swollen feet, Swollen knee, Thick greasy vaginal secretions, Ulcers on the lower limbs, Scanty and dark urine, Painful urination, Dry mouth, Dry throat... see more Er Miao San
Detailed description of the cause

Blood Deficiency

Blood Deficiency in TCM is like when your body's tank runs low on the vital energy that blood provides. It's not exactly the same as anemia in modern medicine, which is about having too few red blood cells. Instead, Blood Deficiency in TCM is about your body not having enough of the life-giving qualities that blood brings, like nourishment and moisture. This can make you feel tired, look pale, and even feel dizzy or have blurry vision. It's like a garden not getting enough water to stay lush and vibrant. TCM sees this as an imbalance where the body isn't being nourished as it should be, impacting overall health and well-being.... see more

Blood Deficiency Patterns That Can Lead to Back Pain

Common Symptoms: Generalized Fatigue Dizziness Lack Of Appetite Low Energy Skin Dryness Depression Amenorrhea Lower Back Pain

Pattern Name Relevant Symptoms Relevant Formulas
Qi and Blood Deficiency Sore back, General weakness, Generalized fatigue, Weak voice, Pale face, Shortness of breath, Palpitations, Dizziness, Poor memory, Insomnia, Reluctance to speak, Lack of appetite, Limb numbness, Skin numbness... see more Ba Zhen Yi Mu Tang | Sheng Yu Tang
Liver Blood and Kidney Essence Deficiency Lower back pain, Primary amenorrhea, Generalized fatigue, Knee pain, Dizziness, Depression, Amenorrhea, Low energy, Chills, Dark face, Dry mouth... see more Liu Wei Di Huang Wan | Dang Gui Di Huang Yin | He Che Da Zao Wan
Blood and Qi Deficiency with Blood Stagnation Soreness and weakness in the lower back, Lack of appetite, Weak limbs, Lower back pain, Abdominal distention, Irregular periods, Red and white vaginal discharge, Infertility... see more Ba Zhen Yi Mu Tang
Detailed description of the cause

Wind

In TCM "Wind" is a concept that represents a pattern of disharmony, often characterized by its sudden and unpredictable nature, much like a gusty wind changing direction without warning. This pattern is associated with symptoms that come and go quickly or move around the body, such as itching, tremors, or even certain types of pain. Wind is considered to be a primary cause of illnesses that have these rapidly changing characteristics. In TCM, external Wind often refers to illnesses that start suddenly, like the common cold, believed to be caused by external pathogenic factors like climatic changes. On the other hand, internal Wind can be linked to internal imbalances and can manifest in conditions like dizziness or spasms. ... see more

Wind Patterns That Can Lead to Back Pain

Common Symptoms: Headaches Convulsions Dizziness Coma Tremors Limb Numbness Poor Memory Insomnia

Pattern Name Relevant Symptoms Relevant Formulas
Interior Wind Back pain, Convulsions, Hand tremor, Dizziness, Paralysis, Coma, Tic disorder, Mouth deviation, Eye deviation, Tremors, Headaches, Limb numbness... see more Tian Ma Gou Teng Yin | Ling Jiao Gou Teng Tang | Liu Wei Di Huang Wan | Qi Ju Di Huang Wan | E Jiao Ji Zi Huang Tang | Zhen Gan Xi Feng Tang | Bu Gan Tang | Si Wu Tang
Liver Wind agitating Internally due to Liver Yang Rising Back pain, Tremors, Facial tic, Severe dizziness, Tinnitus, Headaches, Hypertension, Dry throat, Dry eyes, Blurry vision, Limb numbness, Tingling of limbs, Poor memory, Oliguria, Night sweats... see more Liu Wei Di Huang Wan | Qi Ju Di Huang Wan | E Jiao Ji Zi Huang Tang | Zhen Gan Xi Feng Tang | Feng Yin Tang
Wind-Cold invading with Yang Deficiency Soreness of the lower back, Lower back pain, Low grade fever, Severe chills, Exhaustion, Hypersomnia, Cold extremities, Lumbar pain, Lower back coldness, General cold feeling, Lack of sweating, Headaches, Weak voice... see more Ma Huang Xi Xin Fu Zi Tang | Zai Zao San
Detailed description of the cause

Yang Excess

Yang Excess in TCM refers to a state where there is an overabundance of Yang energy, leading to symptoms of heat and hyperactivity in the body. This pattern of disharmony often arises from factors like stress, excessive physical activity, overconsumption of spicy or heating foods, or an internal imbalance that causes Yang to flare up. Symptoms of Yang Excess include a feeling of heat, red face, irritability, restlessness, thirst, constipation, and a rapid, forceful pulse. Treatment in TCM for Yang Excess aims to cool down and subdue the excessive Yang while nurturing Yin energy to restore balance.... see more

Yang Excess Patterns That Can Lead to Back Pain

Common Symptoms: Poor Memory Dizziness Neuroses Tremors Facial Tic Severe Dizziness Tinnitus Headaches

Pattern Name Relevant Symptoms Relevant Formulas
Liver Wind agitating Internally due to Liver Yang Rising Back pain, Tremors, Facial tic, Severe dizziness, Tinnitus, Headaches, Hypertension, Dry throat, Dry eyes, Blurry vision, Limb numbness, Tingling of limbs, Poor memory, Oliguria, Night sweats... see more Liu Wei Di Huang Wan | Qi Ju Di Huang Wan | E Jiao Ji Zi Huang Tang | Zhen Gan Xi Feng Tang | Feng Yin Tang
Bladder Deficiency with Cold Lower back pain, Confusion, Poor memory, Urinary or fecal incontinence, Dizziness, White urethral discharge, Chills, Frequent urination, Cloudy urine, Pediatric nocturnal enuresis, Diabetes... see more Sang Piao Xiao San
Detailed description of the cause

Phlegm

In TCM "Phlegm" as a pattern of disharmony is a complex concept that extends beyond the physical manifestation of mucus. It represents a pathological factor that can disrupt the flow of Qi (vital energy) and blood, leading to various health issues. Phlegm in TCM is seen as a sticky, turbid substance arising from the body's inability to metabolize fluids properly, often due to a dysfunction of the spleen. It's not only associated with respiratory problems like cough and congestion but also with systemic issues. Symptoms can include a feeling of heaviness, mental cloudiness, dizziness, and in some cases, the formation of lumps or masses. Phlegm can even be "invisible," contributing to emotional disturbances like depression or stress. ... see more

Phlegm Patterns That Can Lead to Back Pain

Common Symptoms: Urinary Dysfunction Frequent And Urgent Urination Hematuria Gallstones Kidney Stones Abdominal Pain Upper Abdominal Pain Abdominal Edema

Pattern Name Relevant Symptoms Relevant Formulas
Phlegm in Kidneys or Gallbladder Back pain, Frequent and urgent urination, Urinary dysfunction, Hematuria Si Ni San | Pai Shi Tang
Oedema Sore back, Abdominal edema, Ankle edema, Facial edema, Foot edema, Oedema of hands, Leg edema, Ocular swelling, Abdominal distention... see more Shen Qi Wan | Wu Ling San | Fang Ji Huang Qi Tang | Ping Wei San | Wu Pi Yin | Ling Gui Zhu Gan Tang | Zhen Wu Tang | Yu Gong San | Zhou Che Wan
Detailed description of the cause

Essence Deficiency

In TCM "Essence" (Jing) deficiency refers to a depletion of the body's fundamental substance, which is vital for growth, development, reproduction, and overall vitality. Jing, often translated as "Essence," is a unique concept in TCM, seen as the basis of all life activities and inherited from our parents. Essence deficiency manifests in various symptoms, such as chronic fatigue, weakness, slow physical or mental development, fertility issues, premature aging, weak bones, and a lackluster complexion. It can also affect the hair, leading to premature greying or hair loss. This pattern of disharmony often arises from congenital factors, chronic illness, overwork, or excessive behaviors that drain the body's resources. ... see more

Essence Deficiency Patterns That Can Lead to Back Pain

Common Symptoms: Lower Back Pain Primary Amenorrhea Dizziness Deafness Decreased Mental Sharpness Intellectual Disability Osteomalacia Hair Loss

Pattern Name Relevant Symptoms Relevant Formulas
Kidney Essence Deficiency Sore back, Lower back pain, Deafness, Decreased mental sharpness, Intellectual disability, Osteomalacia, Hair loss, Infertility, Primary amenorrhea, Dizziness, Blurry vision, Absentmindness... see more Wu Zi Yan Zong Wan | Zuo Gui Wan | Tu Si Zi Wan | Qi Bao Mei Ran Dan
Liver Blood and Kidney Essence Deficiency Lower back pain, Primary amenorrhea, Generalized fatigue, Knee pain, Dizziness, Depression, Amenorrhea, Low energy, Chills, Dark face, Dry mouth... see more Liu Wei Di Huang Wan | Dang Gui Di Huang Yin | He Che Da Zao Wan
Detailed description of the cause

Blood Stasis

Blood Stasis in TCM is a concept where the blood flow in the body is not as smooth or efficient as it should be. Imagine a river that's supposed to flow freely, but instead, it's getting blocked or moving too slowly in some parts. This can lead to various health issues, like pain that feels sharp or stabbing, dark bruises, and a complexion that looks purplish. TCM believes that good health relies on the smooth and vibrant flow of Qi and blood throughout the body, so when blood gets stuck, it's like a traffic jam in your body, leading to discomfort or health problems.... see more

Blood Stasis Patterns That Can Lead to Back Pain

Common Symptoms: Lower Back Pain Abdominal Masses Lower Abdominal Pain Lower Abdominal Distension Abnormal Uterine Bleeding Menstrual Cramps Dark Menstrual Clots Lack Of Appetite

Pattern Name Relevant Symptoms Relevant Formulas
Blood Stagnation in the Lower Burner caused by Cold Lower back pain, Abdominal masses, Lower abdominal pain, Lower abdominal distension, Abnormal uterine bleeding, Menstrual cramps, Dark menstrual clots... see more Shao Fu Zhu Yu Tang
Blood and Qi Deficiency with Blood Stagnation Soreness and weakness in the lower back, Lack of appetite, Weak limbs, Lower back pain, Abdominal distention, Irregular periods, Red and white vaginal discharge, Infertility... see more Ba Zhen Yi Mu Tang
Detailed description of the cause

Qi Stagnation

Qi Stagnation in TCM is like having a traffic jam in your body's energy system. Qi, the vital life force that flows through your body, is supposed to move smoothly to maintain health and balance. But with Qi Stagnation, this flow gets blocked or slowed down, like cars stuck on a highway. This can lead to symptoms like feeling stressed, emotional mood swings, and physical discomfort, often described as a feeling of fullness or tightness, especially in the chest or abdomen. It's as though the body's internal energy circulation is disrupted, causing various issues. TCM sees this as an energy flow problem, different from modern medicine's focus on specific physiological processes.... see more

Qi Stagnation Patterns That Can Lead to Back Pain

Pattern Name Relevant Symptoms Relevant Formulas
Blood and Qi Deficiency with Blood Stagnation Soreness and weakness in the lower back, Lack of appetite, Weak limbs, Lower back pain, Abdominal distention, Irregular periods, Red and white vaginal discharge, Infertility... see more Ba Zhen Yi Mu Tang
Detailed description of the cause

Kidney

In TCM the Kidneys are regarded as the body's most fundamental reservoir of Essence, known as Jing, which influences growth, reproduction, and aging. They are not just organs for filtering blood, but a holistic system governing vital life forces. When the Kidneys malfunction in TCM, it can manifest as a variety of health issues, such as chronic fatigue, reproductive problems, imbalances in fluid metabolism leading to edema or dryness, lower back pain, and a sense of fear or insecurity.... see more

Kidney Patterns That Can Lead to Back Pain

Common Symptoms: Dizziness Lower Back Pain Tinnitus Night Sweats Chills Generalized Fatigue Nocturnal Emission Knee Pain

Pattern Name Relevant Symptoms Relevant Formulas
Kidney Yang Deficiency Back pain, Sore back, Lower back pain, Sore lower back, Soreness and weakness in the lower back, Dizziness, Tinnitus, Weak and cold knees, Lower back coldness, Chills, Weak legs, Bright pale face, Generalized fatigue, General weakness, Leg edema, Female infertility, Diarrhea, Depression, Erectile dysfunction, Premature ejaculation, Oligospermia, Low sex drive, Pale and abudant urination... see more Wu Zi Yan Zong Wan | Er Xian Tang | You Gui Wan | Tu Si Zi Wan | Shen Qi Wan | Ji Sheng Shen Qi Wan | Ba Wei Di Huang Wan
Kidney Qi Deficiency Back pain, Hearing loss, Dizziness, Tinnitus, Frequent urination, Nocturia, Premature ejaculation, Excessive menstruation... see more Qing E Wan
Kidney Qi not Firm Back pain, Sore lower back, Lower back pain, Lower back weakness, Polyuria, Weak urine stream, Enuresis, Nocturnal emission, Generalized fatigue, Chills, Cold extremities, White vaginal discharge, Bearing down sensation in abdomen, Recurrent miscarriage... see more Qing E Wan | You Gui Wan | Jin Suo Gu Jing Wan | Fu Tu Dan | Tu Si Zi Wan
Kidney Yin Deficiency Back pain, Sore back, Lower back pain, Perspiration, Hearing loss, Dry mouth and throat at night, Constipation, Scanty and dark urine, Infertility, Premature ejaculation, Generalized fatigue, General weakness, Depression, Anxiety, Heat sensation in palms, Evening heat sensation, Flushed cheekbones, Menopausal hot flashes, Preference for sipping, Evening anxiety... see more Liu Wei Di Huang Wan | Qi Ju Di Huang Wan | Zuo Gui Wan | Zhi Bo Di Huang Wan | Bai Zi Yang Xin Tang 2 | Qi Bao Mei Ran Dan | Zuo Gui Yin | Dang Gui Di Huang Yin | Dan Zhi Xiao Yao San
Kidney and Liver Yin Deficiency Sore back, Lower back pain, Soreness and weakness in the lower back, Dizziness, Tinnitus, Hearing loss, Vertical headaches, Occipital headache, Insomnia, Limb numbness, Tingling of limbs, Dry eyes, Blurry vision, Dry throat, Dry hair, Skin dryness, Withered and brittle nails, Vaginal dryness, Night sweats, Dry stools, Nocturnal emission, Scanty menstruation, Amenorrhea, Late menstruation, Infertility... see more Liu Wei Di Huang Wan | Qi Ju Di Huang Wan | Si Wu Tang | Zuo Gui Wan | Zhi Bo Di Huang Wan | Zuo Gui Yin | Gui Shao Di Huang Tang | He Che Da Zao Wan | Tiao Gan Tang | Qing Gu San | Yi Guan Jian | Ming Mu Di Huang Wan
Phlegm in Kidneys or Gallbladder Back pain, Frequent and urgent urination, Urinary dysfunction, Hematuria Si Ni San | Pai Shi Tang
Kidney Essence Deficiency Sore back, Lower back pain, Deafness, Decreased mental sharpness, Intellectual disability, Osteomalacia, Hair loss, Infertility, Primary amenorrhea, Dizziness, Blurry vision, Absentmindness... see more Wu Zi Yan Zong Wan | Zuo Gui Wan | Tu Si Zi Wan | Qi Bao Mei Ran Dan
Kidney and Lung Yin Deficiency Lower back pain, Dizziness, Tinnitus, Night dry coughing, Dry throat, Dry mouth, Emaciation, Exertional dyspnea, Night sweats, Hearing loss, Oliguria... see more Ba Xian Chang Shou Wan
Kidney and Spleen Yang Deficiency Lower back pain, Weak and cold knees, Back cold sensation, Chills, Weak legs, Bright pale face, Erectile dysfunction, Premature ejaculation, Oligospermia, Watery ejaculate, Low sex drive, Generalized fatigue, General weakness, Clear urination, Nocturia, Apathy, Leg edema, Female infertility, Diarrhea, Depression, Lack of appetite, Slight abdominal distention, Desire to lie down... see more Li Zhong Wan
Kidney Yin Deficiency With Empty-Heat Blazing Lower back pain, Flushed cheekbones, Restlessness, Insomnia, Night sweats, Low grade fever in the afternoon, Heat sensation in palms, Afternoon heat sensation, Evening heat sensation, Scanty and dark urine, Hematuria, Dry throat, Preference for sipping, Dizziness, Tinnitus, Hearing loss, Nocturnal emission, Hypersexuality, Dry stools... see more Liu Wei Di Huang Wan | Zhi Bo Di Huang Wan
Kidneys And Heart Not Harmonized Lower back pain, Palpitations, Restlessness, Insomnia, Vivid dreaming, Anxiety, Poor memory, Dizziness, Tinnitus, Hearing loss, Nocturnal emissions with dreams, Evening heat sensation, Dry mouth and throat at night, Preference for sipping, Night sweats, Heat sensation in palms, Scanty and dark urine, Dry stools... see more Tian Wang Bu Xin Dan | Jiao Tai Wan | Qing Xin Lian Zi Yin
Kidneys failing to receive Qi Lower back pain, Exertional dyspnea, Rapid respiration, Weak respiratory, Difficulty breathing in, Chronic coughing, Asthma, Spontaneous sweat, Cold extremities, Facial edema, Emaciation, Low energy, Dizziness, Tinnitus, Clear urination... see more You Gui Wan | Su Zi Jiang Qi Tang | Ren Shen Ge Jie San
Kidney Yang Deficiency with Water overflowing Soreness of the lower back, Edema of the lower extremities, Cold sensation in legs and back, Abdominal distention, Lumbar pain, Chills, Scanty clear urination, Palpitations, Shortness of breath, Cold hands, White and watery sputum, Coughing, Asthma... see more Wu Ling San | Ji Sheng Shen Qi Wan
Kidney and Liver Yin Deficiency causing Heat in the Blood Back pain, Dizziness, Tinnitus, Night sweats, Dark urine, Bleeding between periods Liu Wei Di Huang Wan | Liang Di Tang | Er Zhi Wan | Zuo Gui Wan
Spleen or Kidney Yang Deficiency Back pain, Abdominal pain that worsens with cold, Urinary dysfunction, Deep pain and heaviness in limbs, Dizziness, Heavy sensation in the head, Edema, Diarrhea, Palpitations, Coughing, Vomit... see more Gu Ben Zhi Beng Tang
Kidney-Deficiency Back pain, Sore back, Scanty menstruation, Pale menstrual flow, Knee pain, Dizziness, Tinnitus, Frequent urination, Late menstruation, Chills, Cold extremities, Pale face... see more Liang Di Tang | Er Zhi Wan | Zuo Gui Wan | You Gui Wan | Dang Gui Di Huang Yin | Shi Quan Da Bu Tang | He Che Da Zao Wan
Liver Blood and Kidney Essence Deficiency Lower back pain, Primary amenorrhea, Generalized fatigue, Knee pain, Dizziness, Depression, Amenorrhea, Low energy, Chills, Dark face, Dry mouth... see more Liu Wei Di Huang Wan | Dang Gui Di Huang Yin | He Che Da Zao Wan
Spleen or Kidney Qi Deficiency Lower back pain, Early menstruation, Pale menstrual flow, Dizziness, Chills, Nocturia, Thin menstrual blood, Shortness of breath, Palpitations, Spontaneous sweat, Generalized fatigue... see more Bu Zhong Yi Qi Tang | He Che Da Zao Wan | Gui Pi Tang
Disharmony between Heart and Kidneys Soreness and weakness in the lower back, Dizziness, Tinnitus, Insomnia, Palpitations, Poor memory, Lower back pain, Knee pain, Night sweats, Constipation, Menopausal hot flashes... see more Tian Wang Bu Xin Dan | Liu Wei Di Huang Wan
Deficiency of the Liver and Kidney Yin Soreness and weakness in the lower back, Sore knees, Lower back pain, Knee weakness, Dry mouth, Dry tongue, Dizziness, Blurry vision, Insomnia, Vivid dreaming, Hair graying... see more Er Zhi Wan
Detailed description of the cause

Liver

In TCM the Liver is viewed as the organ responsible for the smooth flow of Qi, Blood, and emotions throughout the body. It plays a key role in regulating mood, storing blood, supporting digestion, and ensuring the health of tendons and eyes. When the Liver malfunctions or is imbalanced in TCM, it can lead to a range of issues such as irritability, mood swings, menstrual irregularities, eye problems, and muscular stiffness or pain. A malfunctioning Liver in TCM reflects not only physical disturbances but also emotional and mental disharmony, emphasizing the holistic approach of TCM in addressing health and wellness.... see more

Liver Patterns That Can Lead to Back Pain

Common Symptoms: Dizziness Night Sweats Tinnitus Dry Throat Blurry Vision Insomnia Lower Back Pain Dry Mouth

Pattern Name Relevant Symptoms Relevant Formulas
Liver Wind agitating Internally due to Liver Yang Rising Back pain, Tremors, Facial tic, Severe dizziness, Tinnitus, Headaches, Hypertension, Dry throat, Dry eyes, Blurry vision, Limb numbness, Tingling of limbs, Poor memory, Oliguria, Night sweats... see more Liu Wei Di Huang Wan | Qi Ju Di Huang Wan | E Jiao Ji Zi Huang Tang | Zhen Gan Xi Feng Tang | Feng Yin Tang
Kidney and Liver Yin Deficiency Sore back, Lower back pain, Soreness and weakness in the lower back, Dizziness, Tinnitus, Hearing loss, Vertical headaches, Occipital headache, Insomnia, Limb numbness, Tingling of limbs, Dry eyes, Blurry vision, Dry throat, Dry hair, Skin dryness, Withered and brittle nails, Vaginal dryness, Night sweats, Dry stools, Nocturnal emission, Scanty menstruation, Amenorrhea, Late menstruation, Infertility... see more Liu Wei Di Huang Wan | Qi Ju Di Huang Wan | Si Wu Tang | Zuo Gui Wan | Zhi Bo Di Huang Wan | Zuo Gui Yin | Gui Shao Di Huang Tang | He Che Da Zao Wan | Tiao Gan Tang | Qing Gu San | Yi Guan Jian | Ming Mu Di Huang Wan
Kidney and Liver Yin Deficiency causing Heat in the Blood Back pain, Dizziness, Tinnitus, Night sweats, Dark urine, Bleeding between periods Liu Wei Di Huang Wan | Liang Di Tang | Er Zhi Wan | Zuo Gui Wan
Liver Blood and Kidney Essence Deficiency Lower back pain, Primary amenorrhea, Generalized fatigue, Knee pain, Dizziness, Depression, Amenorrhea, Low energy, Chills, Dark face, Dry mouth... see more Liu Wei Di Huang Wan | Dang Gui Di Huang Yin | He Che Da Zao Wan
Deficiency of the Liver and Kidney Yin Soreness and weakness in the lower back, Sore knees, Lower back pain, Knee weakness, Dry mouth, Dry tongue, Dizziness, Blurry vision, Insomnia, Vivid dreaming, Hair graying... see more Er Zhi Wan
Detailed description of the cause

Spleen

In TCM the Spleen plays a vital role in digestion and transformation, converting food into energy and nutrients, and overseeing the distribution of Qi and Blood. It's also crucial in maintaining the health of muscles and limbs and ensuring the blood remains within the vessels. When the Spleen malfunctions in TCM, it can lead to a variety of issues such as digestive disorders, fatigue, weak muscles, bloating, and a feeling of heaviness. It can also cause a pale complexion, poor appetite, and a tendency to bruise easily. Emotionally, a Spleen imbalance is often associated with excessive worry or overthinking, reflecting its role in the interplay between physical and mental health.... see more

Spleen Patterns That Can Lead to Back Pain

Common Symptoms: Generalized Fatigue Depression Diarrhea Chills Lack Of Appetite Edema Dizziness Palpitations

Pattern Name Relevant Symptoms Relevant Formulas
Kidney and Spleen Yang Deficiency Lower back pain, Weak and cold knees, Back cold sensation, Chills, Weak legs, Bright pale face, Erectile dysfunction, Premature ejaculation, Oligospermia, Watery ejaculate, Low sex drive, Generalized fatigue, General weakness, Clear urination, Nocturia, Apathy, Leg edema, Female infertility, Diarrhea, Depression, Lack of appetite, Slight abdominal distention, Desire to lie down... see more Li Zhong Wan
Spleen Deficiency Sore back, Sticky vaginal discharge, Generalized fatigue, Depression, Cold extremities, Diarrhea, White vaginal discharge, Lack of appetite, Amenorrhea, Dull shallow face, Weak limbs... see more Wan Dai Tang | Bu Zhong Yi Qi Tang | Yi Huang Tang
Spleen or Kidney Yang Deficiency Back pain, Abdominal pain that worsens with cold, Urinary dysfunction, Deep pain and heaviness in limbs, Dizziness, Heavy sensation in the head, Edema, Diarrhea, Palpitations, Coughing, Vomit... see more Gu Ben Zhi Beng Tang
Spleen or Kidney Qi Deficiency Lower back pain, Early menstruation, Pale menstrual flow, Dizziness, Chills, Nocturia, Thin menstrual blood, Shortness of breath, Palpitations, Spontaneous sweat, Generalized fatigue... see more Bu Zhong Yi Qi Tang | He Che Da Zao Wan | Gui Pi Tang
Detailed description of the cause

Heart

In TCM the Heart is considered the "emperor" of all organs, primarily responsible for governing Blood and housing the mind, known as "Shen." It plays a crucial role in maintaining mental-emotional equilibrium and controlling the circulation of Qi and blood throughout the body. When the Heart is imbalanced or malfunctions in TCM, it can lead to a range of issues like heart palpitations, insomnia, dream-disturbed sleep, anxiety, and a flushed complexion. Emotional disturbances such as excessive joy or lack of joy are also seen as signs of Heart disharmony. These symptoms reflect not just physical heart conditions but also the state of one's Shen, indicating the interconnectedness of physical and emotional well-being in TCM.... see more

Heart Patterns That Can Lead to Back Pain

Common Symptoms: Night Sweats Palpitations Insomnia Anxiety Restlessness Poor Memory Dizziness Tinnitus

Pattern Name Relevant Symptoms Relevant Formulas
Heart Yin Deficiency Back pain, Night sweats, Feeling of uneasiness, Feeling hot, Heat sensation in palms Tian Wang Bu Xin Dan
Kidneys And Heart Not Harmonized Lower back pain, Palpitations, Restlessness, Insomnia, Vivid dreaming, Anxiety, Poor memory, Dizziness, Tinnitus, Hearing loss, Nocturnal emissions with dreams, Evening heat sensation, Dry mouth and throat at night, Preference for sipping, Night sweats, Heat sensation in palms, Scanty and dark urine, Dry stools... see more Tian Wang Bu Xin Dan | Jiao Tai Wan | Qing Xin Lian Zi Yin
Disharmony between Heart and Kidneys Soreness and weakness in the lower back, Dizziness, Tinnitus, Insomnia, Palpitations, Poor memory, Lower back pain, Knee pain, Night sweats, Constipation, Menopausal hot flashes... see more Tian Wang Bu Xin Dan | Liu Wei Di Huang Wan
Detailed description of the cause

Bladder

In TCM the Bladder plays a crucial role beyond its basic function of storing and excreting urine. It is intimately connected with the Kidney system, helping to regulate the body's water balance and being a key component in the processing and elimination of fluids. The Bladder also influences the lower part of the body and the back. When it malfunctions or is imbalanced in TCM, it can lead to urinary issues like frequent urination, incontinence, or painful urination. Additionally, there may be problems related to its meridian pathway, such as lower back pain, stiffness, or weakness in the legs. The Bladder’s condition in TCM can also reflect emotional states, with imbalances potentially leading to feelings of fear or anxiety.... see more

Bladder Patterns That Can Lead to Back Pain

Common Symptoms: Frequent Urination Urinary Or Fecal Incontinence Enuresis Lower Back Pain Dizziness Nocturia White Urethral Discharge Chills

Pattern Name Relevant Symptoms Relevant Formulas
Bladder Deficient and Cold Lower back pain, Frequent urination, Pale and abudant urination, Urinary or fecal incontinence, Enuresis, Dizziness, Nocturia, White urethral discharge, Chills... see more Sang Piao Xiao San | Suo Quan Wan
Bladder Deficiency with Cold Lower back pain, Confusion, Poor memory, Urinary or fecal incontinence, Dizziness, White urethral discharge, Chills, Frequent urination, Cloudy urine, Pediatric nocturnal enuresis, Diabetes... see more Sang Piao Xiao San
Detailed description of the cause

Gallbladder

In TCM the Gallbladder has a unique role in storing and excreting bile, but more importantly, it's seen as crucial for decision-making and courage. It's closely connected to the Liver, assisting in the smooth flow of Qi (vital energy) and supporting the Liver's role in maintaining emotional balance. When the Gallbladder malfunctions or is imbalanced in TCM, it can lead to physical symptoms like gallstones, jaundice, or a bitter taste in the mouth. There might also be digestive disturbances, particularly related to fat metabolism. On an emotional level, a Gallbladder disorder can manifest as indecisiveness, timidity, or a tendency to easily succumb to stress. These symptoms highlight the TCM view of the Gallbladder as integral to both physical processes and emotional resilience.... see more

Gallbladder Patterns That Can Lead to Back Pain

Pattern Name Relevant Symptoms Relevant Formulas
Phlegm in Kidneys or Gallbladder Back pain, Frequent and urgent urination, Urinary dysfunction, Hematuria Si Ni San | Pai Shi Tang
Detailed description of the cause

Uterus

In TCM the Uterus (or "Bao Gong") is not just a reproductive organ but a vital system closely linked to Kidney energy, responsible for menstrual health, fertility, and pregnancy. It's also connected to the Heart and Liver, reflecting the importance of emotional and blood health in reproductive wellness. In TCM, the Uterus is seen as a reservoir of Blood and Qi, crucial for reproductive health and general vitality. When the Uterus malfunctions or is imbalanced, it can lead to menstrual irregularities, infertility, miscarriages, or menopausal symptoms. Additionally, there might be symptoms like lower abdominal pain or emotional disturbances such as mood swings, often linked to Liver Qi stagnation. These manifestations highlight the TCM perspective that the health of the Uterus is intertwined with the overall balance of energy and blood in the body, as well as emotional well-being.... see more

Uterus Patterns That Can Lead to Back Pain

Pattern Name Relevant Symptoms Relevant Formulas
Cold in the Uterus Sore back, Diarrhea, Lack of appetite, Generalized fatigue, General weakness, Thin vaginal discharge... see more Wen Jing Tang | Shao Fu Zhu Yu Tang | Wen Qi Hua Shi Tang
Detailed description of the cause

Lung

In TCM the Lungs are seen as the organ responsible for controlling Qi and respiration, as well as being a key part of the body's defensive system. They are thought to maintain the balance and flow of air and moisture, and are closely linked to the skin and hair. When the Lungs are imbalanced or malfunctioning in TCM, it can lead to respiratory issues like coughing or asthma, a weakened immune system, dry skin, and emotional disturbances such as sadness or grief. These symptoms are believed to arise from disruptions in the Lungs' ability to regulate Qi and protect the body, highlighting their central role in maintaining overall health and well-being.... see more

Lung Patterns That Can Lead to Back Pain

Pattern Name Relevant Symptoms Relevant Formulas
Kidney and Lung Yin Deficiency Lower back pain, Dizziness, Tinnitus, Night dry coughing, Dry throat, Dry mouth, Emaciation, Exertional dyspnea, Night sweats, Hearing loss, Oliguria... see more Ba Xian Chang Shou Wan

TCM Herbal Formulas for Back Pain

For back pain arising from Yin or Yang Deficiency, TCM recommends specific formulas. Tian Wang Bu Xin Dan, useful in Heart Yin Deficiency, nourishes the Heart and calms the Mind, while Liu Wei Di Huang Wan, indicated for Kidney Yin Deficiency, nourishes Yin and tonifies the kidneys.

For Yang Deficiency patterns like Kidney Yang Deficiency, formulas like Wu Zi Yan Zong Wan, which warms Yang, are used. These formulas are tailored to the individual's pattern of disharmony, addressing both the symptoms and the root cause.

Explore below some TCM herbal formulas used to address back pain, organized by cause and by formula type.

  • By Cause
  • By Formula Type
  • Yin Deficiency
  • Yang Deficiency
  • Cold
  • Heat
  • Qi Deficiency
  • Dampness
  • Blood Deficiency
  • Wind
  • Yang Excess
  • Phlegm
  • Essence Deficiency
  • Blood Stasis
  • Qi Stagnation
  • Formulas that nourish yin and tonify
  • Formulas that warm yang and tonify
  • Formulas that pacify and extinguish internal wind
  • Formulas that tonify blood
  • Formulas that tonify yin and yang
  • Formulas that secure essence and stop enuresis
  • Formulas that nourish the heart and calm the mind
  • Formulas that invigorate blood and dispel blood stagnation
  • Formulas that promote urination and leach out dampness
  • Formulas that secure irregular uterine bleeding and stop vaginal discharge
  • Formulas that tonify qi
  • Formulas that expel dampness
  • Formulas that tonify qi and blood
  • Formulas that harmonize liver-Spleen
  • Formulas that clear heat and expel dampness
  • Formulas that warm the middle and dispel cold
  • Formulas that warm and transform water and dampness
  • Formulas that drive out excess water
  • Formulas that clear exterior disorders with interior deficiency
  • Formulas that dispel wind-Damp
  • Formulas that dredge and disperse external wind
  • Formulas that clear liver-Heat
  • Formulas that tonify
  • Formulas that transform dampness and harmonize stomach
  • Formulas that clear external abscesses and sores
  • Formulas that clear heat from deficiency
  • Formulas that clear heat from the organs
  • Formulas for a rebellious qi
  • Formulas that regulate blood

All Formulas Recommended for Back Pain Caused by Yin Deficiency

Formula Patterns Suitable For
Liu Wei Di Huang Wan Kidney and Liver Yin Deficiency causing Heat in the Blood, Kidney Yin Deficiency, Kidney and Liver Yin Deficiency, Kidney Yin Deficiency With Empty-Heat Blazing, Disharmony between Heart and Kidneys... see more
Zuo Gui Wan Kidney and Liver Yin Deficiency causing Heat in the Blood, Kidney Yin Deficiency, Kidney and Liver Yin Deficiency, Kidney-Deficiency... see more
Er Zhi Wan Kidney and Liver Yin Deficiency causing Heat in the Blood, Deficiency of both the Kidney Yin and Yang, Kidney-Deficiency, Deficiency of the Liver and Kidney Yin... see more
Zhi Bo Di Huang Wan Kidney Yin Deficiency, Kidney and Liver Yin Deficiency, Kidney Yin Deficiency With Empty-Heat Blazing... see more
Qi Ju Di Huang Wan Kidney Yin Deficiency, Kidney and Liver Yin Deficiency
He Che Da Zao Wan Kidney and Liver Yin Deficiency, Kidney-Deficiency
Tian Wang Bu Xin Dan Heart Yin Deficiency, Disharmony between Heart and Kidneys
Dang Gui Di Huang Yin Kidney Yin Deficiency, Kidney-Deficiency
Liang Di Tang Kidney and Liver Yin Deficiency causing Heat in the Blood, Kidney-Deficiency
Zuo Gui Yin Kidney Yin Deficiency, Kidney and Liver Yin Deficiency
You Gui Wan Kidney-Deficiency
Qi Bao Mei Ran Dan Kidney Yin Deficiency
Er Xian Tang Deficiency of both the Kidney Yin and Yang
Si Wu Tang Kidney and Liver Yin Deficiency
Gui Shao Di Huang Tang Kidney and Liver Yin Deficiency
Tiao Gan Tang Kidney and Liver Yin Deficiency
Bai Zi Yang Xin Tang 2 Kidney Yin Deficiency
Dan Zhi Xiao Yao San Kidney Yin Deficiency
Qing Gu San Kidney and Liver Yin Deficiency
Yi Guan Jian Kidney and Liver Yin Deficiency
Ming Mu Di Huang Wan Kidney and Liver Yin Deficiency
Shi Quan Da Bu Tang Kidney-Deficiency
Ba Xian Chang Shou Wan Kidney and Lung Yin Deficiency

All Formulas Recommended for Back Pain Caused by Yang Deficiency

Formula Patterns Suitable For
Er Xian Tang Kidney Yang Deficiency, Deficiency of both the Kidney Yin and Yang
Ji Sheng Shen Qi Wan Kidney Yang Deficiency, Kidney Yang Deficiency with Water overflowing
You Gui Wan Kidney Yang Deficiency
Er Zhi Wan Deficiency of both the Kidney Yin and Yang
Tu Si Zi Wan Kidney Yang Deficiency
Wu Zi Yan Zong Wan Kidney Yang Deficiency
Shen Qi Wan Kidney Yang Deficiency
Wu Ling San Kidney Yang Deficiency with Water overflowing
Ba Wei Di Huang Wan Kidney Yang Deficiency
Gu Ben Zhi Beng Tang Spleen or Kidney Yang Deficiency
Li Zhong Wan Kidney and Spleen Yang Deficiency
Ma Huang Xi Xin Fu Zi Tang Wind-Cold invading with Yang Deficiency
Zai Zao San Wind-Cold invading with Yang Deficiency

All Formulas Recommended for Back Pain Caused by Cold

Formula Patterns Suitable For
Shao Fu Zhu Yu Tang Cold in the Uterus, Blood Stagnation in the Lower Burner caused by Cold
Sang Piao Xiao San Bladder Deficient and Cold, Bladder Deficiency with Cold
Wei Ling Tang Damp-Cold
Wen Jing Tang Cold in the Uterus
Wen Qi Hua Shi Tang Cold in the Uterus
Suo Quan Wan Bladder Deficient and Cold
Ma Huang Xi Xin Fu Zi Tang Wind-Cold invading with Yang Deficiency
Zai Zao San Wind-Cold invading with Yang Deficiency

All Formulas Recommended for Back Pain Caused by Heat

Formula Patterns Suitable For
Liu Wei Di Huang Wan Kidney and Liver Yin Deficiency causing Heat in the Blood, Kidney Yin Deficiency With Empty-Heat Blazing, Disharmony between Heart and Kidneys... see more
Er Miao San Damp-Heat in the Lower Burner, Damp-Heat
Zuo Gui Wan Kidney and Liver Yin Deficiency causing Heat in the Blood
Er Zhi Wan Kidney and Liver Yin Deficiency causing Heat in the Blood
Zhi Bo Di Huang Wan Kidney Yin Deficiency With Empty-Heat Blazing
Tian Wang Bu Xin Dan Disharmony between Heart and Kidneys
Liang Di Tang Kidney and Liver Yin Deficiency causing Heat in the Blood
Wu Wei Xiao Du Yin Toxic-Heat
Xiao Yao San Damp-Heat
Qing Re Tiao Xue Tang Damp-Heat

All Formulas Recommended for Back Pain Caused by Qi Deficiency

Formula Patterns Suitable For
Bu Zhong Yi Qi Tang Spleen Deficiency, Spleen or Kidney Qi Deficiency
Qing E Wan Kidney Qi Deficiency, Kidney Qi not Firm
You Gui Wan Kidney Qi not Firm
He Che Da Zao Wan Spleen or Kidney Qi Deficiency
Tu Si Zi Wan Kidney Qi not Firm
Ba Zhen Yi Mu Tang Qi and Blood Deficiency
Wan Dai Tang Spleen Deficiency
Yi Huang Tang Spleen Deficiency
Jin Suo Gu Jing Wan Kidney Qi not Firm
Fu Tu Dan Kidney Qi not Firm
Sheng Yu Tang Qi and Blood Deficiency
Gui Pi Tang Spleen or Kidney Qi Deficiency

All Formulas Recommended for Back Pain Caused by Dampness

Formula Patterns Suitable For
Wu Ling San Oedema, Kidney Yang Deficiency with Water overflowing
Er Miao San Damp-Heat in the Lower Burner, Damp-Heat
Shen Qi Wan Oedema
Ji Sheng Shen Qi Wan Kidney Yang Deficiency with Water overflowing
Wei Ling Tang Damp-Cold
Fang Ji Huang Qi Tang Oedema
Ping Wei San Oedema
Wu Pi Yin Oedema
Ling Gui Zhu Gan Tang Oedema
Zhen Wu Tang Oedema
Yu Gong San Oedema
Zhou Che Wan Oedema
Xiao Yao San Damp-Heat
Qing Re Tiao Xue Tang Damp-Heat

All Formulas Recommended for Back Pain Caused by Blood Deficiency

Formula Patterns Suitable For
Ba Zhen Yi Mu Tang Qi and Blood Deficiency, Blood and Qi Deficiency with Blood Stagnation
Liu Wei Di Huang Wan Liver Blood and Kidney Essence Deficiency
He Che Da Zao Wan Liver Blood and Kidney Essence Deficiency
Dang Gui Di Huang Yin Liver Blood and Kidney Essence Deficiency
Sheng Yu Tang Qi and Blood Deficiency

All Formulas Recommended for Back Pain Caused by Wind

Formula Patterns Suitable For
Liu Wei Di Huang Wan Interior Wind, Liver Wind agitating Internally due to Liver Yang Rising
Qi Ju Di Huang Wan Interior Wind, Liver Wind agitating Internally due to Liver Yang Rising
E Jiao Ji Zi Huang Tang Interior Wind, Liver Wind agitating Internally due to Liver Yang Rising
Zhen Gan Xi Feng Tang Interior Wind, Liver Wind agitating Internally due to Liver Yang Rising
Si Wu Tang Interior Wind
Tian Ma Gou Teng Yin Interior Wind
Ling Jiao Gou Teng Tang Interior Wind
Bu Gan Tang Interior Wind
Feng Yin Tang Liver Wind agitating Internally due to Liver Yang Rising
Ma Huang Xi Xin Fu Zi Tang Wind-Cold invading with Yang Deficiency
Zai Zao San Wind-Cold invading with Yang Deficiency

All Formulas Recommended for Back Pain Caused by Yang Excess

Formula Patterns Suitable For
Liu Wei Di Huang Wan Liver Wind agitating Internally due to Liver Yang Rising
Qi Ju Di Huang Wan Liver Wind agitating Internally due to Liver Yang Rising
E Jiao Ji Zi Huang Tang Liver Wind agitating Internally due to Liver Yang Rising
Zhen Gan Xi Feng Tang Liver Wind agitating Internally due to Liver Yang Rising
Sang Piao Xiao San Bladder Deficiency with Cold
Feng Yin Tang Liver Wind agitating Internally due to Liver Yang Rising

All Formulas Recommended for Back Pain Caused by Phlegm

Formula Patterns Suitable For
Shen Qi Wan Oedema
Wu Ling San Oedema
Si Ni San Phlegm in Kidneys or Gallbladder
Pai Shi Tang Phlegm in Kidneys or Gallbladder
Fang Ji Huang Qi Tang Oedema
Ping Wei San Oedema
Wu Pi Yin Oedema
Ling Gui Zhu Gan Tang Oedema
Zhen Wu Tang Oedema
Yu Gong San Oedema
Zhou Che Wan Oedema

All Formulas Recommended for Back Pain Caused by Essence Deficiency

Formula Patterns Suitable For
Liu Wei Di Huang Wan Liver Blood and Kidney Essence Deficiency
Zuo Gui Wan Kidney Essence Deficiency
He Che Da Zao Wan Liver Blood and Kidney Essence Deficiency
Tu Si Zi Wan Kidney Essence Deficiency
Dang Gui Di Huang Yin Liver Blood and Kidney Essence Deficiency
Wu Zi Yan Zong Wan Kidney Essence Deficiency
Qi Bao Mei Ran Dan Kidney Essence Deficiency

All Formulas Recommended for Back Pain Caused by Blood Stasis

Formula Patterns Suitable For
Shao Fu Zhu Yu Tang Blood Stagnation in the Lower Burner caused by Cold
Ba Zhen Yi Mu Tang Blood and Qi Deficiency with Blood Stagnation

All "formulas that nourish yin and tonify" recommended for back pain

Formula Patterns Suitable For (if applicable)
Liu Wei Di Huang Wan Interior Wind, Kidney and Liver Yin Deficiency causing Heat in the Blood, Kidney Yin Deficiency, Liver Wind agitating Internally due to Liver Yang Rising, Kidney and Liver Yin Deficiency, Liver Blood and Kidney Yin Deficiency, Liver Blood and Kidney Essence Deficiency, Kidney Yin Deficiency With Empty-Heat Blazing, Disharmony between Heart and Kidneys... see more
Zuo Gui Wan Kidney and Liver Yin Deficiency causing Heat in the Blood, Kidney Yin Deficiency, Kidney-Deficiency, Kidney Essence Deficiency, Kidney and Liver Yin Deficiency... see more
Qi Ju Di Huang Wan Interior Wind, Liver Wind agitating Internally due to Liver Yang Rising, Kidney Yin Deficiency, Kidney and Liver Yin Deficiency... see more
Er Zhi Wan Kidney and Liver Yin Deficiency causing Heat in the Blood, Deficiency of both the Kidney Yin and Yang, Kidney-Deficiency, Deficiency of the Liver and Kidney Yin... see more
Zhi Bo Di Huang Wan Kidney Yin Deficiency, Kidney and Liver Yin Deficiency, Kidney Yin Deficiency With Empty-Heat Blazing... see more
Liang Di Tang Kidney and Liver Yin Deficiency causing Heat in the Blood, Kidney-Deficiency
Zuo Gui Yin Kidney Yin Deficiency, Kidney and Liver Yin Deficiency
Gui Shao Di Huang Tang Kidney and Liver Yin Deficiency, Liver Blood and Kidney Yin Deficiency
Tiao Gan Tang Liver Blood and Kidney Yin Deficiency, Kidney and Liver Yin Deficiency
Yi Guan Jian Kidney and Liver Yin Deficiency
Ba Xian Chang Shou Wan Kidney and Lung Yin Deficiency
Ba Wei Di Huang Wan Kidney Yang Deficiency
Ming Mu Di Huang Wan Kidney and Liver Yin Deficiency

All "formulas that warm yang and tonify" recommended for back pain

Formula Patterns Suitable For (if applicable)
You Gui Wan Kidney Qi not Firm, Kidney Yang Deficiency, Kidney-Deficiency, Kidneys failing to receive Qi... see more
Tu Si Zi Wan Kidney Qi not Firm, Kidney Essence Deficiency, Kidney Yang Deficiency
Wu Zi Yan Zong Wan Kidney Yang Deficiency, Kidney Essence Deficiency
Qing E Wan Kidney Qi Deficiency, Kidney Qi not Firm
Shen Qi Wan Kidney Yang Deficiency, Oedema
Ji Sheng Shen Qi Wan Kidney Yang Deficiency, Kidney Yang Deficiency with Water overflowing

All "formulas that tonify yin and yang" recommended for back pain

Formula Patterns Suitable For (if applicable)
He Che Da Zao Wan Kidney-Deficiency, Liver Blood and Kidney Essence Deficiency, Kidney and Liver Yin Deficiency, Spleen or Kidney Qi Deficiency... see more
Er Xian Tang Kidney Yang Deficiency, Deficiency of both the Kidney Yin and Yang
Qi Bao Mei Ran Dan Kidney Yin Deficiency, Kidney Essence Deficiency
Shi Quan Da Bu Tang Kidney-Deficiency

All "formulas that tonify blood" recommended for back pain

Formula Patterns Suitable For (if applicable)
Dang Gui Di Huang Yin Kidney Yin Deficiency, Kidney-Deficiency, Liver Blood and Kidney Essence Deficiency... see more
Si Wu Tang Interior Wind, Kidney and Liver Yin Deficiency
Bu Gan Tang Interior Wind
Sheng Yu Tang Qi and Blood Deficiency

All "formulas that nourish the heart and calm the mind" recommended for back pain

Formula Patterns Suitable For (if applicable)
Tian Wang Bu Xin Dan Heart Yin Deficiency, Kidneys And Heart Not Harmonized, Disharmony between Heart and Kidneys... see more
Bai Zi Yang Xin Tang 2 Kidney Yin Deficiency
Jiao Tai Wan Kidneys And Heart Not Harmonized

All "formulas that secure essence and stop enuresis" recommended for back pain

Formula Patterns Suitable For (if applicable)
Sang Piao Xiao San Bladder Deficient and Cold, Bladder Deficiency with Cold
Jin Suo Gu Jing Wan Kidney Qi not Firm
Fu Tu Dan Kidney Qi not Firm
Suo Quan Wan Bladder Deficient and Cold

All "formulas that tonify qi" recommended for back pain

Formula Patterns Suitable For (if applicable)
Bu Zhong Yi Qi Tang Spleen Deficiency, Spleen or Kidney Qi Deficiency
Ren Shen Ge Jie San Kidneys failing to receive Qi

All "formulas that expel dampness" recommended for back pain

Formula Patterns Suitable For (if applicable)
Er Miao San Damp-Heat in the Lower Burner, Damp-Heat
Wei Ling Tang Damp-Cold

All "formulas that pacify and extinguish internal wind" recommended for back pain

Formula Patterns Suitable For (if applicable)
E Jiao Ji Zi Huang Tang Interior Wind, Liver Wind agitating Internally due to Liver Yang Rising
Zhen Gan Xi Feng Tang Interior Wind, Liver Wind agitating Internally due to Liver Yang Rising
Tian Ma Gou Teng Yin Interior Wind
Ling Jiao Gou Teng Tang Interior Wind

All "formulas that invigorate blood and dispel blood stagnation" recommended for back pain

Formula Patterns Suitable For (if applicable)
Shao Fu Zhu Yu Tang Cold in the Uterus, Blood Stagnation in the Lower Burner caused by Cold
Wen Jing Tang Cold in the Uterus
Shu Jing Huo Xue Tang Not applicable

All "formulas that promote urination and leach out dampness" recommended for back pain

Formula Patterns Suitable For (if applicable)
Wu Ling San Oedema, Kidney Yang Deficiency with Water overflowing
Fang Ji Huang Qi Tang Oedema
Wu Pi Yin Oedema

All "formulas that tonify qi and blood" recommended for back pain

Formula Patterns Suitable For (if applicable)
Gu Ben Zhi Beng Tang Spleen or Kidney Yang Deficiency
Gui Pi Tang Spleen or Kidney Qi Deficiency

All "formulas that harmonize liver-Spleen" recommended for back pain

Formula Patterns Suitable For (if applicable)
Si Ni San Phlegm in Kidneys or Gallbladder
Xiao Yao San Damp-Heat

All "formulas that clear heat and expel dampness" recommended for back pain

Formula Patterns Suitable For (if applicable)
Pai Shi Tang Phlegm in Kidneys or Gallbladder
Qing Re Tiao Xue Tang Damp-Heat

All "formulas that warm the middle and dispel cold" recommended for back pain

Formula Patterns Suitable For (if applicable)
Wen Qi Hua Shi Tang Cold in the Uterus
Li Zhong Wan Kidney and Spleen Yang Deficiency

All "formulas that secure irregular uterine bleeding and stop vaginal discharge" recommended for back pain

Formula Patterns Suitable For (if applicable)
Wan Dai Tang Spleen Deficiency
Yi Huang Tang Spleen Deficiency

All "formulas that warm and transform water and dampness" recommended for back pain

Formula Patterns Suitable For (if applicable)
Ling Gui Zhu Gan Tang Oedema
Zhen Wu Tang Oedema

All "formulas that drive out excess water" recommended for back pain

Formula Patterns Suitable For (if applicable)
Yu Gong San Oedema
Zhou Che Wan Oedema

All "formulas that clear exterior disorders with interior deficiency" recommended for back pain

Formula Patterns Suitable For (if applicable)
Ma Huang Xi Xin Fu Zi Tang Wind-Cold invading with Yang Deficiency
Zai Zao San Wind-Cold invading with Yang Deficiency

All "formulas that dispel wind-Damp" recommended for back pain

Formula Patterns Suitable For (if applicable)
Da Fang Feng Tang Not applicable
Du Huo Ji Sheng Tang Not applicable

Acupoints for Back Pain

TCM also employs acupuncture for back pain relief. Acupoints like Chengjin BL-56 and Dazhu BL-11 on the Bladder Channel are used to remove obstructions from the Channel and relax sinews. In the Kidney Channel, points like Dahe KID-12 and Fuliu KID-7 are selected for their ability to tonify Kidney Yin and resolve dampness.

Additionally, points in the Governing Vessel like Lingtai DU-10 and Mingmen DU-4 are employed for their heat-clearing and kidney-tonifying actions. These acupoints are strategically chosen to alleviate pain and correct underlying imbalances in the body's energy flow.

Explore below some acupoints used to address back pain, organized by meridian.

  • By Meridian
  • Bladder Channel
  • Kidney Channel
  • Gall Bladder Channel
  • Governing Vessel
  • Large Intestine Channel
  • Small Intestine Channel
  • Directing Vessel
  • Spleen Channel
  • Pericardium Channel
  • Triple Burner Channel
  • Extra Points: Back (EX-B)
  • Stomach Channel
  • Liver Channel
Tianzhu BL-10

Tianzhu BL-10

1.3 cun lateral to Yamen DU-15 on the posterior midline, 0.5 cun above the posterior hairline, on the lateral side of trapezius muscle.

Dazhu BL-11

Dazhu BL-11

On the level of the lower border of the spinous process of the 1st thoracic vertebra (T1), 1.5 cun (about 2 finger-breadths) lateral to the posterior midline.

Shenshu BL-23

Shenshu BL-23

1.5 cun lateral to the lower border of the spinous process of the 2nd lumber vertebra (L2).

Qihaishu BL-24

Qihaishu BL-24

1.5 cun lateral to the lower border of the spinous process of the 3rd lumber vertebra (L3).

Dachangshu BL-25

Dachangshu BL-25

1.5 cun lateral to the lower border of the spinous process of the 4th lumber vertebra (L4).

Guanyuanshu BL-26

Guanyuanshu BL-26

1.5 cun lateral to the lower border of the spinous process of the 5th lumber vertebra (L5).

Pangguangshu BL-28

Pangguangshu BL-28

At the level of the 2nd posterior sacral foramen, 1.5 cun lateral to the posterior midline, in the depression between the medial border of the posterior superior iliac spine (PSIS) and the sacrum.

Baihuanshu BL-30

Baihuanshu BL-30

At the level of the 4th posterior sacral foramen, 1.5 cun lateral to the posterior midline.

Shangliao BL-31

Shangliao BL-31

In the 1st posterior sacral foramen, about midway between the posterior superior iliac spine (PSIS) and the midline.

Ciliao BL-32

Ciliao BL-32

In the 2nd posterior sacral foramen, about midway between the posterior superior iliac spine (PSIS) and the midline.

Chengfu BL-36

Chengfu BL-36

In the middle of the gluteal crease. Locate the point in prone position.

Yinmen BL-37

Yinmen BL-37

6 cun below Chenfu BL-36, on the line joing Chengfu BL-36 and Weizhong BL-40.

Weizhong BL-40

Weizhong BL-40

At the midpoint of the popliteal crease, between the tendons of biceps femoris and semitendinosus muscle.

Fufen BL-41

Fufen BL-41

3 cun (about 4 finger-breadths) lateral to the lower border of the spinous process of the 2nd thoracic vertebra (T2).

Pohu BL-42

Pohu BL-42

3 cun (about 4 finger-breadths) lateral to the lower border of the spinous process of the 3rd thoracic vertebra (T3).

Yixi BL-45

Yixi BL-45

3 cun (about 4 finger-breadths) lateral to the lower border of the spinous process of the 6th thoracic vertebra (T6).

Geguan BL-46

Geguan BL-46

3 cun (about 4 finger-breadths) lateral to the lower border of the spinous process of the 7th thoracic vertebra (T7).

Weicang BL-50

Weicang BL-50

3 cun lateral to the lower border of the spinous process of the 12th thoracic vertebra (T12).

Zhishi BL-52

Zhishi BL-52

3 cun lateral to the lower border of the spinous process of the 2nd lumber vertebra (L2).

Zhibian BL-54

Zhibian BL-54

At the level of the 4th posterior sacral foramen, 3 cun lateral to the posterior midline.

Heyang BL-55

Heyang BL-55

2 cun directly below Weizhong BL-40, between the medial and lateral bellies of gastrocnemius muscle, on the line joining Weizhong BL-40 and Chengshan BL-57.

Chengjin BL-56

Chengjin BL-56

5 cun inferior to Weizhong BL-40 which is the midpoint of the popliteal crease. In the center of the belly of gastrocnemius muscle, midway between Heyang BL-55 and Chengshan BL-57.

Chengshan BL-57

Chengshan BL-57

Directly below the belly of the gastrocnemius muscle and between the two heads of the muscle, on the line connecting Weizhong BL-40 and Kunlun BL-60, about 8 cun below Weizhong BL-40.

Feiyang BL-58

Feiyang BL-58

On the posterior border of fibula, about 1 cun inferior and lateral to Chengshan BL-57, 7 cun directly above Kunlun BL-60.

Fuyang BL-59

Fuyang BL-59

On the lateral aspect of the lower leg, 3 cun above Kunlun BL-60.

Kunlun BL-60

Kunlun BL-60

In the depression between the tip of the lateral malleolus and the Achilles tendon.

Shenmai BL-62

Shenmai BL-62

In the depression directly below the lateral malleolus tip.

Jinmen BL-63

Jinmen BL-63

Anterior and inferior to Shenmai BL-62, in the depression lateral to the cuboid bone.

Taixi KID-3

Taixi KID-3

In the depression between the medial malleolus tip and Achilles tendon (Calcaneal tendon), level with the tip of the medial malleolus.

Dazhong KID-4

Dazhong KID-4

Posterior and inferior to the medial malleolus, in the depression medial to the Achilles tendon, superior to its insertion at the calcaneus.

Zhaohai KID-6

Zhaohai KID-6

Approximately 1 cun below the medial malleolus tip, over the joint space between the talus and the calcaneus.

Fuliu KID-7

Fuliu KID-7

2 cun directly above Taixi KID-3, on the anterior border of Achilles tendon.

Zhubin KID-9

Zhubin KID-9

On the line drawn from Taixi KID-3 to Yingu KID-10. It is located at the lower end of the belly of gastrocnemius muscle in the medial aspect, about 5 cun above Taixi KID-3.

Yingu KID-10

Yingu KID-10

On the medial side of the popliteal fossa, level with Weizhong BL-40, between the tendons of semitendinosus and semimenbranosus muscle when the knee is flexed.

Dahe KID-12

Dahe KID-12

4 cun below the umbilicus, 0.5 cun lateral to the anterior midline.

Qixue KID-13

Qixue KID-13

3 cun below the umbilicus, 0.5 cun lateral to the anterior midline.

Huangshu KID-16

Huangshu KID-16

0.5 cun lateral to the center of the umbilicus.

Jingmen GB-25

Jingmen GB-25

On the lateral side of the abdomen, on the lower border of the free end of the 12th rib.

Wushu GB-27

Wushu GB-27

In the lateral side of the abdomen, in the front of the anterior superior iliac spine (ASIS), 3 cun below the level of the umbilicus.

Weidao GB-28

Weidao GB-28

Anterior and Inferior to the anterior superior iliac spine (ASIS), 0.5 cun anterior and inferior to Wushu GB-27.

Juliao GB-29

Juliao GB-29

Midway between the ASIS (anterior superior iliac spine) and the great trochanter, in the lateral recumbent position.

Zhongdu GB-32

Zhongdu GB-32

In the lateral aspect of the thigh, 5 cun above the transverse popliteal crease.

Yaoshu DU-2

Yaoshu DU-2

In the hiatus of the sacrum.

Yaoyangguan DU-3

Yaoyangguan DU-3

On the lower back midline, in the depression below the spinous process of the 4th lumber vertebra (L4).

Mingmen DU-4

Mingmen DU-4

On the lower back midline, in the depression below the spinous process of the 2nd lumber vertebra (L2).

Zhongshu DU-7

Zhongshu DU-7

On the back midline, in the depression below the spinous process of the 10th thoracic vertebra (T10).

Lingtai DU-10

Lingtai DU-10

On the back midline, in the depression below the spinous process of the 6th thoracic vertebra (T6).

Shangyang LI-1

Shangyang LI-1

On the radial side of the index finger, about 0.1 cun posterior to the nail corner.

Jugu LI-16

Jugu LI-16

In the upper aspect of the shoulder, in the depression between the acromio-clavicular joint and the scapular spine.

Shaoze SI-1

Shaoze SI-1

On the ulnar side of the little finger, about 0.1 cun posterior to the corner of the nail.

Houxi SI-3

Houxi SI-3

Proximal to the head of the 5th metacarpal bone on the ulnar side, in the depression at the junction of the red and white skin.

Zhongji REN-3

Zhongji REN-3

On the anterior midline, 4 cun below the umbilicus, 1 cun above Qugu REN-2, which is located at the upper border of the symphysis pubis.

Guanyuan REN-4

Guanyuan REN-4

On the midline of the abdomen, 3 cun below the umbilicus.

Taibai SP-3

Taibai SP-3

Proximal and inferior to the head of the 1st metatarsal bone, at the border of the red and white skin.

Tianquan P-2

Tianquan P-2

2 cun below the end of the anterior axillary fold, between the two heads of biceps brachii muscle.

Yangchi TB-4

Yangchi TB-4

At the junction of the ulna carpal bones of the wrist dorsum, in the depression lateral to the tendon of extensor digitorum and extensor digiti minimi muscle.

Dingchuan EX-B-1

Dingchuan EX-B-1

0.5 cun lateral to the lower border of the spinous process of the 7th cervical vertebra (C7).

Qihu ST-13

Qihu ST-13

About 4 cun lateral to the anterior midline, below the midpoint of the clavicle.

Taichong LIV-3

Taichong LIV-3

On the dorsum of the foot, between the 1st and 2nd metatarsal bones, in the depression proximal to the metatarsophalangeal joints and the proximal angle between the two bones.