Biota seeds (Bai Zi Ren) Ningpo figwort roots (Xuan Shen) Prepared rehmannia (Shu Di Huang) Host-wood Poria (Fu Shen) Goji berries (Gou Qi Zi) Dwarf lilyturf roots (Mai Dong) Dong quai (Dang Gui) Sweetflag rhizomes (Shi Chang Pu)

Chinese: 柏子养心汤

Pinyin: Bai Zi Yǎng Xīn Tāng

Other names: Arborvitae Seed Pill to Nourish the Heart, Biota Seeds Pill to Nourish the Heart

Number of ingredients: 9 herbs

Formula category: Formulas that nourish the Heart and calm the Mind

Mother formula: Tian Wang Bu Xin Dan

Conditions for which it may be prescribed: AnxietyInsomniaNight sweats and six other conditions

  1. Reinforces and strengthens Heart Qi
  2. Calms the Mind
  3. Nourishes and moistens the Heart Blood
  4. Tonifies the Kidney Yin

Contraindications: Contraindicated for Spleen and Stomach weakness with tendency to bloat, loose... Contraindicated for Spleen and Stomach weakness with tendency to bloat, loose stools, edema and fluid retention. This is because the ingredients in this formula are Cold and rich. see more

Source date: 1549 AD

Source book: Compilation of Materials of Benevolence for the Body

Bai Zi Yang Xin Tang 2 is a 9-ingredient Chinese Medicine formula with Biota Seeds (Bai Zi Ren) as a principal ingredient.

Invented in 1549 AD, it belongs to the category of formulas that nourish the Heart and calm the Mind. Its main actions are: 1) reinforces and strengthens Heart Qi and 2) calms the Mind.

In Chinese Medicine health conditions are thought to arise due to "disharmonies" in the body as a system. These disharmonies are called "patterns" and the very purpose of herbal formulas is to fight them in order to restore the body's harmony.

In this case Bai Zi Yang Xin Tang 2 is used by TCM practitioners to fight patterns like Kidney Yin Deficiency. From a Western Medicine standpoint, such patterns can give rise to a range of conditions such as disorientation, severe palpitations or continuous palpitations for instance.

On this page, after a detailed description of each of the nine ingredients in Bai Zi Yang Xin Tang 2, we review the patterns and conditions that Bai Zi Yang Xin Tang 2 helps treat.

The nine ingredients in Bai Zi Yang Xin Tang 2

Bai Zi Ren is a king ingredient in Bai Zi Yang Xin Tang 2. Like the name indicates, it means it has more power than other ingredients in the formula.

1. Biota Seeds (Bai Zi Ren)

Part used: Dried ripe seeds

Nature: Neutral

Taste(s): Sweet

Meridian affinity: HeartKidneyLarge intestine

Category: Herbs that nourish the Heart and calm the Spirit

Bai Zi Ren nourishes the Heart and calms the Mind. It is particularly indicated for the treatment of palpitations.

Learn more about Biota Seeds (Bai Zi Ren)

Xuan Shen is a deputy ingredient in Bai Zi Yang Xin Tang 2. This means it helps the king ingredient(s) treat the main pattern or it serves to treat a coexisting pattern.

2. Ningpo Figwort Roots (Xuan Shen)

Part used: Dried rhizome

Nature: Cold

Taste(s): Bitter

Meridian affinity: Large intestineLiverStomach

Category: Herbs that cool the Blood

In general Xuan Shen's main actions are as follows: "Expels true or Internal Heat and cools the Blood. Tonifies the Yin. Reduces inflammations and drains Fire toxicity. Reduces hard nodules, especially associated with the lymph."

In the context of Bai Zi Yang Xin Tang 2, it is used because it enrich the Yin and clear Empty Heat from Deficiency.

Learn more about Ningpo Figwort Roots (Xuan Shen)

Shu Di huang is a deputy ingredient in Bai Zi Yang Xin Tang 2. This means it helps the king ingredient(s) treat the main pattern or it serves to treat a coexisting pattern.

3. Prepared Rehmannia (Shu Di huang)

Part used: Prepared dried root tuber

Nature: Warm

Taste(s): Sweet

Meridian affinity: KidneyLiver

Category: Tonic herbs for Blood Deficiency

In general Shu Di huang's main actions are as follows: "Tonifies the Blood. Tonifies the Yin of the Kidneys."

In the context of Bai Zi Yang Xin Tang 2, it is used because it Tonifies the Blood and tonifies the Yin of the Kidneys.

Learn more about Prepared Rehmannia (Shu Di huang)

Fu Shen is a deputy ingredient in Bai Zi Yang Xin Tang 2. This means it helps the king ingredient(s) treat the main pattern or it serves to treat a coexisting pattern.

4. Host-Wood Poria (Fu Shen)

Part used: The part of the mushroom that is attached to the host-wood, dried

Nature: Neutral

Taste(s): Sweet

Meridian affinity: SpleenHeart

Category: Herbs that nourish the Heart and calm the Spirit

In general Fu Shen's main actions are as follows: "Calms the Mind (Shen) and promote urination."

In the context of Bai Zi Yang Xin Tang 2, it is used because it Calms the Mind and promote urination.

Learn more about Host-Wood Poria (Fu Shen)

Gou Qi Zi is a deputy ingredient in Bai Zi Yang Xin Tang 2. This means it helps the king ingredient(s) treat the main pattern or it serves to treat a coexisting pattern.

5. Goji Berries (Gou Qi Zi)

Part used: Dried ripe fruit

Nature: Neutral

Taste(s): Sweet

Meridian affinity: KidneyLiver

Category: Tonic herbs for Yin Deficiency

In general Gou Qi Zi's main actions are as follows: "Tonifies the Yin of the Liver and Yin of the Kidneys. Brightens the eyes. Moistens the Lungs."

In the context of Bai Zi Yang Xin Tang 2, it is used because it tonifies the Yin of the Liver and Yin of the Kidneys.

Learn more about Goji Berries (Gou Qi Zi)

Mai Dong is an assistant ingredient in Bai Zi Yang Xin Tang 2. This means that it either serves to reinforces the effect of other ingredients or it moderates their toxicity.

6. Dwarf Lilyturf Roots (Mai Dong)

Part used: Dried root tuber

Nature: Cool

Taste(s): BitterSweet

Meridian affinity: HeartLungStomach

Category: Tonic herbs for Yin Deficiency

Mai Dong replenishes Kidney Yin Essence and promotes secretions. It also lubricates and nourishes the Stomach as well as soothes the Lung and nourishes the Heart.

Learn more about Dwarf Lilyturf Roots (Mai Dong)

Dang Gui is an assistant ingredient in Bai Zi Yang Xin Tang 2. This means that it either serves to reinforces the effect of other ingredients or it moderates their toxicity.

7. Dong Quai (Dang Gui)

Part used: Dried root

Nature: Warm

Taste(s): PungentSweet

Meridian affinity: HeartLiverSpleen

Category: Tonic herbs for Blood Deficiency

In general Dang Gui's main actions are as follows: "Tonifies the Blood. Lubricates the Intestines. Relieve constipation. Promotes circulation and dispels Bi Pain. Reduce Dysmenorrhea and help with irregular menstruation."

In the context of Bai Zi Yang Xin Tang 2, it is used because it tonifies the Blood, lubricates the Intestines and relieve constipation.

Learn more about Dong Quai (Dang Gui)

Shi Chang Pu is an assistant ingredient in Bai Zi Yang Xin Tang 2. This means that it either serves to reinforces the effect of other ingredients or it moderates their toxicity.

8. Sweetflag Rhizomes (Shi Chang Pu)

Part used: Dried rhizome

Nature: Warm

Taste(s): Bitter

Meridian affinity: StomachHeartLiver

Category: Herbs that open the Orifices

In general Shi Chang Pu's main actions are as follows: "Opens the Orifices, awakens the Mind (Shen) and expels Wind-Damp Phlegm. Harmonizes the Earth element and dispels Damp. Applied internally or externally for Wind-Cold-Damp painful obstruction."

In the context of Bai Zi Yang Xin Tang 2, it is used because it opens the Orifices, awakens the Mind and expels Wind-Damp Phlegm. .

Learn more about Sweetflag Rhizomes (Shi Chang Pu)

Gan Cao is an envoy ingredient in Bai Zi Yang Xin Tang 2. This means that it directs the formula towards certain area of the body and/or harmonizes the actions of other ingredients.

9. Liquorice (Gan Cao)

Part used: Dried root and rhizome

Nature: Neutral

Taste(s): Sweet

Meridian affinity: HeartLungSpleenStomach

Category: Tonic herbs for Qi Deficiency

In general Gan Cao's main actions are as follows: "Tonifies the Basal Qi and nourishes the Spleen Qi. Clears Heat and dispels toxicity. Moistens the Lungsexpel phlegm and stop coughing. Relieves spasms and alleviates pain. Harmonizes and moderates the effects of other herbs."

In the context of Bai Zi Yang Xin Tang 2, it is used because it harmonizes all the ingredients of the formula.

Learn more about Liquorice (Gan Cao)

Bai Zi Yang Xin Tang 2 is used to treat Kidney Yin Deficiency

It's important to remember that herbal formulas are meant to treat patterns, not "diseases" as understood in Western Medicine. According to Chinese Medicine patterns, which are disruptions to the body as a system, are the underlying root cause for diseases and conditions.

As such Bai Zi Yang Xin Tang 2 is mostly used to treat the pattern "Kidney Yin Deficiency" which we describe below.

But before we delve into Kidney Yin Deficiency here is an overview of the Western conditions it is commonly associated with:

Disorientation Severe palpitations Continuous palpitations Dreamdisturbed sleep Forgetfulness Night sweats Nocturnal emission Insomnia Anxiety

Again it wouldn't be correct to say "Bai Zi Yang Xin Tang 2 treats disorientation" for instance. Rather, Bai Zi Yang Xin Tang 2 is used to treat Kidney Yin Deficiency, which is sometimes the root cause behind disorientation.

Now let's look at Kidney Yin Deficiency, a pattern that TCM practitioners commonly treat with Bai Zi Yang Xin Tang 2.

The Kidneys is a so-called "Zang" Organ. Learn more about the Kidneys in Chinese Medicine

Kidney Yin Deficiency

Bai Zi Yang Xin Tang 2 is sometimes prescribed by TCM practitioners to treat Kidney Yin Deficiency. This pattern leads to symptoms such as sweating, back pain, diminished hearing and dry mouth and throat at night. Patients with Kidney Yin Deficiency typically exhibit rapid (Shu), empty (Xu) or floating (Fu) pulses as well as Red tongue without coating, cracked in severe cases.

This pattern often accompanies Kidney Essence Deficiency, as Kidney Yin includes Essence. When both element are depleted in the Kidneys, not enough Marrow is generated to fill the Brain, thus the symptoms of dizziness, tinnitus, vertigo and poor memory. The dizziness is mild and the tinnitus is... read more about Kidney Yin Deficiency

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