Prepared rehmannia (Shu Di Huang) Dong quai (Dang Gui) Goji berries (Gou Qi Zi) Liquorice (Gan Cao)

Da Ying Jian

Chinese: 大营煎

Pinyin: Dà Yíng Jiān

Other names: Big Nutritive Qi Decoction

Number of ingredients: 7 herbs

Formula category: Formulas that tonify Blood

Conditions for which it may be prescribed: Late menstruation

  1. Tonifies Qi and Blood
  2. Expels Cold

Source date: 1624 AD

Source book: Collected Treatises of [Zhang] Jing Yue

Da Ying Jian is a 7-ingredient Chinese Medicine formula with Prepared Rehmannia (Shu Di huang) as a principal ingredient.

Invented in 1624 AD, it belongs to the category of formulas that tonify Blood. Its main actions are: 1) tonifies Qi and Blood and 2) expels Cold.

In Chinese Medicine health conditions are thought to arise due to "disharmonies" in the body as a system. These disharmonies are called "patterns" and the very purpose of herbal formulas is to fight them in order to restore the body's harmony.

In this case Da Ying Jian is used by TCM practitioners to fight patterns like Cold in the Uterus. From a Western Medicine standpoint, such patterns can give rise to a range of conditions such as late menstruation for instance.

On this page, after a detailed description of each of the seven ingredients in Da Ying Jian, we review the patterns and conditions that Da Ying Jian helps treat.

The seven ingredients in Da Ying Jian

Shu Di huang is a king ingredient in Da Ying Jian. Like the name indicates, it means it has more power than other ingredients in the formula.

1. Prepared Rehmannia (Shu Di huang)

Part used: Prepared dried root tuber

Nature: Warm

Taste(s): Sweet

Meridian affinity: KidneyLiver

Category: Tonic herbs for Blood Deficiency

In general Shu Di huang's main actions are as follows: "Tonifies the Blood. Tonifies the Yin of the Kidneys."

In the context of Da Ying Jian, it is used because it nourishes Blood.

Learn more about Prepared Rehmannia (Shu Di huang)

2. Dong Quai (Dang Gui)

Part used: Dried root

Nature: Warm

Taste(s): PungentSweet

Meridian affinity: SpleenHeartLiver

Category: Tonic herbs for Blood Deficiency

In general Dang Gui's main actions are as follows: "Tonifies the Blood. Lubricates the Intestines. Relieve constipation. Promotes circulation and dispels Bi Pain. Reduce Dysmenorrhea and help with irregular menstruation."

In the context of Da Ying Jian, it is used because it nourishes Blood.

Learn more about Dong Quai (Dang Gui)

3. Goji Berries (Gou Qi Zi)

Part used: Dried ripe fruit

Nature: Neutral

Taste(s): Sweet

Meridian affinity: KidneyLiver

Category: Tonic herbs for Yin Deficiency

In general Gou Qi Zi's main actions are as follows: "Tonifies the Yin of the Liver and Yin of the Kidneys. Brightens the eyes. Moistens the Lungs."

In the context of Da Ying Jian, it is used because it nourishes Blood.

Learn more about Goji Berries (Gou Qi Zi)

4. Liquorice (Gan Cao)

Part used: Dried root and rhizome

Nature: Neutral

Taste(s): Sweet

Meridian affinity: SpleenStomachHeartLung

Category: Tonic herbs for Qi Deficiency

In general Gan Cao's main actions are as follows: "Tonifies the Basal Qi and nourishes the Spleen Qi. Clears Heat and dispels toxicity. Moistens the Lungsexpel phlegm and stop coughing. Relieves spasms and alleviates pain. Harmonizes and moderates the effects of other herbs."

In the context of Da Ying Jian, it is used because it tonifies Qi to nourishes Blood.

Learn more about Liquorice (Gan Cao)

5. Eucommia Bark (Du Zhong)

Part used: Dried stem bark

Nature: Warm

Taste(s): Sweet

Meridian affinity: KidneyLiver

Category: Tonic herbs for Yang Deficiency

In general Du Zhong's main actions are as follows: "Tonifies the Liver and Kidneys. Calms ascendant Liver Yang (hypertension/high blood pressure). Calms a restless fetus."

In the context of Da Ying Jian, it is used because it tonifies Kidney Yang.

Learn more about Eucommia Bark (Du Zhong)

6. Achyranthes Roots (Niu Xi)

Part used: Dried root

Nature: Neutral

Taste(s): BitterSour

Meridian affinity: KidneyLiver

Category: Herbs that invigorate the Blood

In general Niu Xi's main actions are as follows: "Moves Blood and relieves pain in the raw state. Tonic to the Liver and Kidneys and strengthens the bones and sinews. Reduces Damp-Heat in the Lower Burner. Regulates the flow of reckless Blood caused by either ascendant Liver Yang or Yin Deficient Fire."

In the context of Da Ying Jian, it is used because it nourishes the Liver and invigorates Blood.

Learn more about Achyranthes Roots (Niu Xi)

7. Cinnamon Bark (Rou Gui)

Part used: Dried stem bark

Nature: Hot

Taste(s): PungentSweet

Meridian affinity: SpleenHeartKidneyLiver

Category: Herbs that warm the Interior and/or expel Cold

In general Rou Gui's main actions are as follows: "Warms the Spleen and Kidneys and tonifies the Yang. Expels Cold, Warms the meridians, promotes circulation of Qi and Blood and relieves pain. Used with tonics to assist in the generation of Qi and Blood."

In the context of Da Ying Jian, it is used because it expels Cold and tonifies the Fire of the Gate of Life.

Learn more about Cinnamon Bark (Rou Gui)

Da Ying Jian is used to treat Cold in the Uterus

It's important to remember that herbal formulas are meant to treat patterns, not "diseases" as understood in Western Medicine. According to Chinese Medicine patterns, which are disruptions to the body as a system, are the underlying root cause for diseases and conditions.

As such Da Ying Jian is mostly used to treat the pattern "Cold in the Uterus" which we describe below.

But before we delve into Cold in the Uterus it is worth mentioning that it is often associated with the condition "late menstruation". Again it wouldn't be correct to say "Da Ying Jian treats late menstruation". Rather, Da Ying Jian is used to treat Cold in the Uterus, which is sometimes the root cause behind late menstruation.

Now let's look at Cold in the Uterus, a pattern that TCM practitioners commonly treat with Da Ying Jian.

The Uterus is a so-called "Extraordinary" Organ. Learn more about the Uterus in Chinese Medicine

Cold in the Uterus

Da Ying Jian is sometimes prescribed by TCM practitioners to treat Cold in the Uterus. This pattern leads to symptoms such as infertility, scanty periods, painful period and late period. Patients with Cold in the Uterus typically exhibit deep (Chen) or soggy (Ru) pulses as well as a pale tongue with thin white coating.

'Cold in the Uterus' is one the most common TCM pattern for women. It can be responsible for many gynecological diseases such as menstrual cramps, irregular periods, infertility, etc. Coldness can also lead to other TCM patterns such as Blood and Qi Stagnation

There are two types of Cold... read more about Cold in the Uterus

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