Wind-Cold

At a glance

Key attributes

Chinese name: 风寒      Pinyin name: Fēng Hán

Pattern nature: Full

Pattern hierarchy: General pattern

Diagnosis

Common symptoms: Fever Sneezing Coughing Runny nose Blocked nose and four other symptoms

Pulse type(s): Tight (Jin), Floating (Fu)

Tongue description: Red tongue with thin white coating

Treatment

Treatment principle: Clear Wind Cold, lower fevers and clear Heat or Dampness if there is any.

Common formulas: Jing Fang Bai Du San

Pathology

This pattern is similar to Wind-Heat, but the Wind is combined with Cold rather than Heat. The shared symptoms are aversion to cold, sneezing, coughing, runny nose (with different mucus color), fever, occipital stiffness and ache. The different symptoms are the white watery mucus, no thirst, no sweating and no obvious changes on the tongue color. 

Both patterns make the patients feel chilly and dislike cold environment. It is because the Wind-Cold or Heat invasion disturbs the Defensive Qi circulation in the skin and muscles so that they can not be warmed properly. The Lungs are one of the first Organs to be affected by invasion of Wind-Cold.

For these patients in relatively good health, their Defensive Qi reacts strongly to the external Pernicious Influence Cold by closing the skin pores. Therefore there is no sweating and the pulse is Tight. According to the theory of Cold attack of the Greater Yang stage within the Six Stages, this is a Exterior-Full Pattern. 

If it is rather the Wind that predominates instead of the Cold, it indicates the Wind attack pattern of the Greater Yang stage within the Six Stages. Then the pores are open and the patients sweat slightly. The pulse is rather Slow instead of Tight mentioned above. It is an Exterior-Empty pattern. Patients who are in relatively poor heath with weaker Defensive Qi are prone to be in this condition. 

Wind-Cold can also invades and settles down in Channels, joints and muscles and cause Painful Obstruction Syndrome or so called Bi Syndrome. 

Diagnosing Wind-Cold

Pulse type(s): Tight (Jin) or floating (Fu)

Tongue description: Red tongue with thin white coating

Main symptoms: Fever Sneezing Coughing Runny nose Blocked nose Aversion to cold White watery mucus Occipital headaches Occipital stiffness

Diagnosis commentary: Key characteristic symptoms of this pattern are the aversion to cold, sneezing and white watery mucus.

Treating Wind-Cold

Treatment principle

Clear Wind Cold, lower fevers and clear Heat or Dampness if there is any. 

Herbal formulas used to treat Wind-Cold

Jing Fang Bai Du San

Source date: 1550 AD

Number of ingredients: 13 herbs

Key actions: Releases the Exterior. Dispels Wind and Dampness. Augments Qi.

Formula summary

Jing Fang Bai Du San is a 13-ingredient Chinese Medicine formula. Invented in 1550 AD, it belongs to the category of external formulas for External disorders.

Read more about Jing Fang Bai Du San