Wind-Cold invading the Lungs

Home > Patterns of disharmony > Wind-Cold invading the Lungs

Pattern factsheet

Chinese name: 风寒犯肺

Pinyin name: Fēng Hán Fàn Fèi

Associated TCM concepts: Lungs Wind Cold evil

Diagnosis

Common symptoms: Fever Chills Sneezing Headaches Runny nose and seven other symptoms

Pulse type(s): Tight (Jin), Floating (Fu)

Tongue description: Thin and white coating

The Defensive Qi layer of the Lungs is invaded by the external Wind-Cold. The battel between these two takes place and gives rise to fever. This is similar to how the immune system reacts to the external bacterial or virus according to the Western Medicine. Please be aware that there aren't always fever every time, especially if the Wind-Cold is comparatively weak or the Defensive Qi doesn't response to it. According to TCM, 'fever' doesn't necessarily means actual temperature increasing, it can also mean Heat related symptoms of the body. 

The descending and dispersing of Lung Qi can be greatly disturbed if the Lung's Defensive Qi is obstructed by the external Wind. It can lead to symptoms like blocked or runny nose, coughing and sneezing. 

The circulation of Defensive Qi in the space between skin and muscles is also impaired so that  symptoms like headache, body aches or aversion to cold happen. 

Diagnosing Wind-Cold invading the Lungs

The Lungs is a so-called "Zang" Organ. Learn more about the Lungs in Chinese Medicine

Pulse type(s): Tight (Jin) or floating (Fu)

Tongue description: Thin and white coating

Possible symptoms: Fever Chills Sneezing Headaches Runny nose Body aches Itchy throat Blocked nose Lack of sweating Aversion to cold Shortness of breath White and watery sputum

Diagnosing a pattern in Chinese Medicine is no easy feat and should be left to professional practitioners.

In particular one has to know how to differentiate between different types of pulses and tongue coatings, shapes and colors. Here patients with Wind-Cold invading the Lungs will tend to exhibit tight (Jin) or floating (Fu) pulses.

Practitioners also learn to read from a long list of seemingly unrelated symptoms. Here patients with Wind-Cold invading the Lungs might experience symptoms like chills, lack of sweating, aversion to cold and fever (full list here above).

Herbal formulas used to treat Wind-Cold invading the Lungs

Ma Huang Tang

Source date: 220 AD

Number of ingredients: 4 herbs

Key actions: Releases exterior cold. Treats wheezing.

Formula summary

Ma Huang Tang is a 4-ingredient Chinese Medicine formula with Ephedra (Ma Huang) as a principal ingredient. Invented in 220 AD, it belongs to the category of formulas that clear Wind-Cold.

Besides Wind-Cold invading the Lungs, Ma Huang Tang is also used to treat Greater Yang Attack of Cold or Exterior-Cold.

Read more about Ma Huang Tang

Ge Gen Tang

Source date: 220 AD

Number of ingredients: 7 herbs

Key actions: Releases the Exterior and muscle layer. Forms Body Fluids.

Formula summary

Ge Gen Tang is a 7-ingredient Chinese Medicine formula with Kudzu Roots (Ge Gen) as a principal ingredient. Invented in 220 AD, it belongs to the category of formulas that clear Wind-Cold.

Read more about Ge Gen Tang

Most important herbs used to treat Wind-Cold invading the Lungs