Notopterygium roots (Qiang Huo) Saposhnikovia roots (Fang Feng) Black atractylodes rhizomes (Cang Zhu) Wild ginger (Xi Xin) Szechuan lovage roots (Chuan Xiong) Angelica roots (Bai Zhi) Baikal skullcap roots (Huang Qin) Unprepared Rehmannia (Di Huang)

Chinese: 九味羌活汤

Pinyin: Jiǔ Wèi Qiāng Huó Tāng

Other names: Nine-Herb Decoction with Notopterygium,

Number of ingredients: 9 herbs

Formula category: Formulas that clear Wind-Cold

Conditions for which it may be prescribed: MigraineUrticariaSinusitis and nine other conditions

  1. Induces sweating
  2. Dispels Dampness
  3. Expels Wind-Cold
  4. Clears Interior Heat

Contraindications: This formula is contraindicated to treat diseases with warm or heat Pernicious... This formula is contraindicated to treat diseases with warm or heat Pernicious Factors such as Damp-Heat, especially these with Yin Deficiency. It is because the formula is of acrid and drying nature. see more

Source date: 1308 AD

Source book: Hard-Won Knowledge

Jiu Wei Qiang Huo Tang is a 9-ingredient Chinese Medicine formula with Notopterygium Roots (Qiang Huo) as a principal ingredient.

Invented in 1308 AD, it belongs to the category of formulas that clear Wind-Cold. Its main actions are: 1) induces sweating and 2) dispels Dampness.

In Chinese Medicine health conditions are thought to arise due to "disharmonies" in the body as a system. These disharmonies are called "patterns" and the very purpose of herbal formulas is to fight them in order to restore the body's harmony.

From a Western Medicine standpoint, such patterns can give rise to a range of conditions such as common cold, migraine or urticaria for instance.

On this page, after a detailed description of each of the nine ingredients in Jiu Wei Qiang Huo Tang, we review the patterns and conditions that Jiu Wei Qiang Huo Tang helps treat.

The nine ingredients in Jiu Wei Qiang Huo Tang

Qiang Huo is a king ingredient in Jiu Wei Qiang Huo Tang. Like the name indicates, it means it has more power than other ingredients in the formula.

1. Notopterygium Roots (Qiang Huo)

Part used: Dried rhizome and root

Nature: Warm

Taste(s): BitterPungent

Meridian affinity: BladderKidney

Category: Warm/Acrid herbs that release the Exterior

In general Qiang Huo's main actions are as follows: "Relieves the Exterior and disperses Cold and Dampness. Relieves Wind-Damp-Cold painful obstruction. Directs Qi to the Greater Yang (Tai Yang) channel and the Governing Vessel."

In the context of Jiu Wei Qiang Huo Tang, it is used because it is aromatic. It is the principal herbs for dispersing Exterior Wind, Cold and Dampness.

Learn more about Notopterygium Roots (Qiang Huo)

Fang Feng is a deputy ingredient in Jiu Wei Qiang Huo Tang. This means it helps the king ingredient(s) treat the main pattern or it serves to treat a coexisting pattern.

2. Saposhnikovia Roots (Fang Feng)

Part used: Dried root

Nature: Warm

Taste(s): PungentSweet

Meridian affinity: BladderLiverSpleen

Category: Warm/Acrid herbs that release the Exterior

Fang Feng together with Black atractylodes rhizome, assists the key herb in releasing the Exterior and eliminating Dampness.

Learn more about Saposhnikovia Roots (Fang Feng)

Cang Zhu is a deputy ingredient in Jiu Wei Qiang Huo Tang. This means it helps the king ingredient(s) treat the main pattern or it serves to treat a coexisting pattern.

3. Black Atractylodes Rhizomes (Cang Zhu)

Part used: The dried rhizome

Nature: Warm

Taste(s): BitterPungent

Meridian affinity: SpleenStomach

Category: Aromatic herbs that transform Dampness

In general Cang Zhu's main actions are as follows: "Dries Damp and tonifies the Spleen. Relieves the Exterior for invasion of Wind-Cold-Damp. Relieves Wind-Damp painful obstruction. Dries Damp for either Damp-Cold or Damp-Heat when combined with the correct herbs. Clears the eyes and improves sight."

In the context of Jiu Wei Qiang Huo Tang, it is used because it like Saposhnikovia root, assists the key herb in releasing the Exterior and eliminating Dampness.

Learn more about Black Atractylodes Rhizomes (Cang Zhu)

Xi Xin is a deputy ingredient in Jiu Wei Qiang Huo Tang. This means it helps the king ingredient(s) treat the main pattern or it serves to treat a coexisting pattern.

4. Wild Ginger (Xi Xin)

Part used: Dried root and rhizome

Nature: Warm

Taste(s): Pungent

Meridian affinity: HeartKidneyLung

Category: Warm/Acrid herbs that release the Exterior

In general Xi Xin's main actions are as follows: "Relieves the Exterior and warms the Yang. Expels Cold and relieves pain. Warms the Lungs and reduces Phlegm. Moves the Qi and disperses Phlegm to open the nasal passages."

In the context of Jiu Wei Qiang Huo Tang, it is used because it assists the key herb in releasing the Exterior. It also relives headache and body pain.

Learn more about Wild Ginger (Xi Xin)

Chuan Xiong is a deputy ingredient in Jiu Wei Qiang Huo Tang. This means it helps the king ingredient(s) treat the main pattern or it serves to treat a coexisting pattern.

5. Szechuan Lovage Roots (Chuan Xiong)

Part used: Dried rhizome

Nature: Warm

Taste(s): Pungent

Meridian affinity: GallbladderLiverPericardium

Category: Herbs that invigorate the Blood

In general Chuan Xiong's main actions are as follows: "Regulates and moves the Blood. Relieves Wind-Cold and pain. Circulates the Qi in the Upper Burner, relieving headaches."

In the context of Jiu Wei Qiang Huo Tang, it is used because it assists the key herb in releasing the Exterior. It also relives headache and body pain.

Learn more about Szechuan Lovage Roots (Chuan Xiong)

Bai Zhi is a deputy ingredient in Jiu Wei Qiang Huo Tang. This means it helps the king ingredient(s) treat the main pattern or it serves to treat a coexisting pattern.

6. Angelica Roots (Bai Zhi)

Part used: Dried root

Nature: Warm

Taste(s): Pungent

Meridian affinity: SpleenStomachLung

Category: Warm/Acrid herbs that release the Exterior

In general Bai Zhi's main actions are as follows: "Relieves the Exterior and disperses Wind. Disperses Wind and Cold from the Yang Brightness channels. Relieves Wind-Damp Cold painful obstruction. Dries Dampness and pus and reduces swelling. Opens the nasal passages."

In the context of Jiu Wei Qiang Huo Tang, it is used because it assists the key herb in releasing the Exterior. It also relives headache and body pain.

Learn more about Angelica Roots (Bai Zhi)

Huang Qin is an assistant ingredient in Jiu Wei Qiang Huo Tang. This means that it either serves to reinforces the effect of other ingredients or it moderates their toxicity.

7. Baikal Skullcap Roots (Huang Qin)

Part used: Dried root

Nature: Cold

Taste(s): Bitter

Meridian affinity: GallbladderHeartLarge intestineLungSmall intestineSpleen

Category: Herbs that clear Heat and dry Dampness

In general Huang Qin's main actions are as follows: "Expels Heat and Dampness. Clears Upper Burner Heat, especially of the Lung. Clears Heat and stops reckless movement of Blood. Clears pathogenic Heat which is upsetting the fetus. Cools the Liver, reducing Liver Yang rising syndrome."

In the context of Jiu Wei Qiang Huo Tang, it is used because it clears Interior Heat in the Qi and Blood according to the Four Level Theory.

Learn more about Baikal Skullcap Roots (Huang Qin)

Di Huang is an assistant ingredient in Jiu Wei Qiang Huo Tang. This means that it either serves to reinforces the effect of other ingredients or it moderates their toxicity.

8. Unprepared Rehmannia (Di Huang)

Part used: Prepared dried root tuber

Nature: Cold

Taste(s): Sweet

Meridian affinity: HeartKidneyLiver

Category: Herbs that cool the Blood

Di Huang relieves the thirst and bitter taste in the mouth. It also protect the Body Fluids from the dry nature of the other herbs.

Learn more about Unprepared Rehmannia (Di Huang)

Gan Cao is an envoy ingredient in Jiu Wei Qiang Huo Tang. This means that it directs the formula towards certain area of the body and/or harmonizes the actions of other ingredients.

9. Liquorice (Gan Cao)

Part used: Dried root and rhizome

Nature: Neutral

Taste(s): Sweet

Meridian affinity: HeartLungSpleenStomach

Category: Tonic herbs for Qi Deficiency

In general Gan Cao's main actions are as follows: "Tonifies the Basal Qi and nourishes the Spleen Qi. Clears Heat and dispels toxicity. Moistens the Lungsexpel phlegm and stop coughing. Relieves spasms and alleviates pain. Harmonizes and moderates the effects of other herbs."

In the context of Jiu Wei Qiang Huo Tang, it is used because it harmonizes the the actions of the other herbs and the Middle Burner.

Learn more about Liquorice (Gan Cao)

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