Scallions (Cong Bai) Fermented soybeans (Dan Dou Chi) Ephedra (Ma Huang) Kudzu roots (Ge Gen)

Chinese: 活人葱豉汤

Pinyin: Huó Rén Cōng Shì Tāng

Other names: Scallion and Prepared Soybean Decoction from Book to Safeguard Life

Number of ingredients: 4 herbs

Formula category: Formulas that clear early-stage Exterior disorders

Mother formula: Cong Chi Tang

Conditions for which it may be prescribed: InfluenzaCommon coldUpper respiratory tract infections

  1. Unblocks the Yang Qi (Defensive Qi) in the Exterior
  2. Induces sweating

Source date: 1108 AD

Source book: Book to Safeguard Life Arranged According to Pattern

Huo Ren Cong Shi Tang is a 4-ingredient Chinese Medicine formula with Scallions (Cong Bai) as a principal ingredient.

Invented in 1108 AD, it belongs to the category of formulas that clear early-stage Exterior disorders. Its main actions are: 1) unblocks the Yang Qi (Defensive Qi) in the Exterior and 2) induces sweating .

In Chinese Medicine health conditions are thought to arise due to "disharmonies" in the body as a system. These disharmonies are called "patterns" and the very purpose of herbal formulas is to fight them in order to restore the body's harmony.

From a Western Medicine standpoint, such patterns can give rise to a range of conditions such as upper respiratory tract infections, common cold or influenza for instance.

On this page, after a detailed description of each of the four ingredients in Huo Ren Cong Shi Tang, we review the patterns and conditions that Huo Ren Cong Shi Tang helps treat.

The four ingredients in Huo Ren Cong Shi Tang

Cong Bai is a king ingredient in Huo Ren Cong Shi Tang. Like the name indicates, it means it has more power than other ingredients in the formula.

1. Scallions (Cong Bai)

Part used: Bulb

Nature: Warm

Taste(s): Pungent

Meridian affinity: LungStomach

Category: Warm/Acrid herbs that release the Exterior

Cong Bai Relieves the Exterior through sweating. It is a warm and acrid herb which unblocks the Yang Qi (Protective Qi) flow in the Exterior and induces sweating.

Learn more about Scallions (Cong Bai)

Dan Dou Chi is a deputy ingredient in Huo Ren Cong Shi Tang. This means it helps the king ingredient(s) treat the main pattern or it serves to treat a coexisting pattern.

2. Fermented Soybeans (Dan Dou Chi)

Part used: Fermented preparation obtain from the ripe bean

Nature: Cool

Taste(s): BitterPungent

Meridian affinity: LungStomach

Category: Cool/Acrid herbs that release the Exterior

Dan Dou Chi releases externally-contracted pernicious influences from the Exterior and keeps Yang Qi in the Interior.

Learn more about Fermented Soybeans (Dan Dou Chi)

Ma Huang is a deputy ingredient in Huo Ren Cong Shi Tang. This means it helps the king ingredient(s) treat the main pattern or it serves to treat a coexisting pattern.

3. Ephedra (Ma Huang)

Part used: Dried herbaceous stems

Nature: Warm

Taste(s): BitterPungent

Meridian affinity: BladderLung

Category: Warm/Acrid herbs that release the Exterior

Ma Huang induces sweating and clears the Lungs. It is added to the original formula of Cong Shi Tang for the patients that have no chills or sweating, but have headache, neck pain, upper and lower back pain, and a tight pulse.  Comparing with the original one, this daughter formula is for more severe penetration of Wind-Cold into the Exterior, especially if the disease has lasted for one or two days.

Learn more about Ephedra (Ma Huang)

Ge Gen is a deputy ingredient in Huo Ren Cong Shi Tang. This means it helps the king ingredient(s) treat the main pattern or it serves to treat a coexisting pattern.

4. Kudzu Roots (Ge Gen)

Part used: Dried root

Nature: Cool

Taste(s): PungentSweet

Meridian affinity: SpleenStomach

Category: Cool/Acrid herbs that release the Exterior

Ge Gen induces sweating and relax muscles. It is added to the original formula of Cong Shi Tang for the patients that have no chills or sweating, but have headache, neck pain, upper and lower back pain, and a tight pulse.

Learn more about Kudzu Roots (Ge Gen)

Formulas similar to Huo Ren Cong Shi Tang

Cong Chi Tang is 50% similar to Huo Ren Cong Shi Tang

Cong Bai Qi Wei Yin is 50% similar to Huo Ren Cong Shi Tang

Ge Gen Tang is 29% similar to Huo Ren Cong Shi Tang

Ma Huang Tang is 25% similar to Huo Ren Cong Shi Tang

Ma Xing Shi Gan Tang is 25% similar to Huo Ren Cong Shi Tang

Ge Geng Huang Qin Huang Lian Tang is 25% similar to Huo Ren Cong Shi Tang