Perilla leaves (Zi Su Ye) Japanese catnip (Jing Jie) Saposhnikovia roots (Fang Feng) Gentian roots (Qin Jiao) Vitex fruits (Man Jing Zi) Coco-grass rhizomes (Xiang Fu) Szechuan lovage roots (Chuan Xiong) Tangerine peel (Chen Pi)

Chinese: 加味香苏散

Pinyin: Jiā Wèi Xiāng Sū Sàn

Other names: Augmented Cyperus and Perilla Leaf Powder

Number of ingredients: 10 herbs

Formula category: Formulas that clear Wind-Cold

Mother formula: Xing Su San

Conditions for which it may be prescribed: InfluenzaCommon coldGlobus pharyngis and two other conditions

  1. Promote sweating
  2. Releases the Exterior

Source date: 1732 AD

Source book: Wakening of the Mind in Medical Studies

Jia Wei Xiang Su San is a 10-ingredient Chinese Medicine formula with Perilla Leaves (Zi Su Ye) and Japanese Catnip (Jing Jie) as principal ingredients.

Invented in 1732 AD, it belongs to the category of formulas that clear Wind-Cold. Its main actions are: 1) promote sweating and 2) releases the Exterior .

In Chinese Medicine health conditions are thought to arise due to "disharmonies" in the body as a system. These disharmonies are called "patterns" and the very purpose of herbal formulas is to fight them in order to restore the body's harmony.

From a Western Medicine standpoint, such patterns can give rise to a range of conditions such as common cold, influenza or upper respiratory tract infections for instance.

On this page, after a detailed description of each of the ten ingredients in Jia Wei Xiang Su San, we review the patterns and conditions that Jia Wei Xiang Su San helps treat.

The ten ingredients in Jia Wei Xiang Su San

Zi Su Ye is a king ingredient in Jia Wei Xiang Su San. Like the name indicates, it means it has more power than other ingredients in the formula.

1. Perilla Leaves (Zi Su Ye)

Part used: Dried leaf (or bearing young branches)

Nature: Warm

Taste(s): Pungent

Meridian affinity: LungSpleen

Category: Warm/Acrid herbs that release the Exterior

In general Zi Su Ye's main actions are as follows: "Relieves the Exterior and disperses Cold. Promotes the circulation of Spleen and Stomach Qi. Calms a restless fetus. Detoxifies seafood poisoning"

In the context of Jia Wei Xiang Su San, it is used because it promotes the Qi circulation in the Exterior, opens up the skin pores, and dispel Wind-Cold.

Learn more about Perilla Leaves (Zi Su Ye)

Jing Jie is a king ingredient in Jia Wei Xiang Su San. Like the name indicates, it means it has more power than other ingredients in the formula.

2. Japanese Catnip (Jing Jie)

Part used: Aerial portion and flowers, or the spikes only (in which case it is called Jing Jie Sui)

Nature: Neutral

Taste(s): Pungent

Meridian affinity: LiverLung

Category: Warm/Acrid herbs that release the Exterior

In general Jing Jie's main actions are as follows: "Relieves the Exterior and disperses Cold or Heat depending on the other herbs used. Releases the Exterior for measles. Stops bleeding. Abates swellings."

In the context of Jia Wei Xiang Su San, it is used because it promotes the Qi circulation in the Exterior, opens up the skin pores, and dispel Wind-Cold.

Learn more about Japanese Catnip (Jing Jie)

Fang Feng is a deputy ingredient in Jia Wei Xiang Su San. This means it helps the king ingredient(s) treat the main pattern or it serves to treat a coexisting pattern.

3. Saposhnikovia Roots (Fang Feng)

Part used: Dried root

Nature: Warm

Taste(s): PungentSweet

Meridian affinity: BladderLiverSpleen

Category: Warm/Acrid herbs that release the Exterior

In general Fang Feng's main actions are as follows: "Relieves the Exterior and disperses Cold. Relieves Wind-Damp-Cold painful obstruction. Disperses Wind."

In the context of Jia Wei Xiang Su San, it is used because it dispels Wind-Cold and relieves pain from the muscles and channels.

Learn more about Saposhnikovia Roots (Fang Feng)

Qin Jiao is a deputy ingredient in Jia Wei Xiang Su San. This means it helps the king ingredient(s) treat the main pattern or it serves to treat a coexisting pattern.

4. Gentian Roots (Qin Jiao)

Part used: Dried root

Nature: Cool

Taste(s): BitterPungent

Meridian affinity: GallbladderStomachLiver

Category: Herbs that dispel Wind and Dampness

In general Qin Jiao's main actions are as follows: "Clears either acute or chronic, Cold or Hot Wind-Damp conditions. Clears Heat from Yin Deficiency. Lubricates the Intestines and promotes bowel movements."

In the context of Jia Wei Xiang Su San, it is used because it dispels Wind-Cold and relieves pain from the muscles and channels.

Learn more about Gentian Roots (Qin Jiao)

Man Jing Zi is a deputy ingredient in Jia Wei Xiang Su San. This means it helps the king ingredient(s) treat the main pattern or it serves to treat a coexisting pattern.

5. Vitex Fruits (Man Jing Zi)

Part used: Dried ripe fruit

Nature: Cool

Taste(s): BitterPungent

Meridian affinity: BladderStomachLiver

Category: Cool/Acrid herbs that release the Exterior

In general Man Jing Zi's main actions are as follows: "Relieves the Exterior, scatters Wind and clears Heat. Clears Wind-Heat associated with the Liver. Clears Wind-Damp painful obstruction."

In the context of Jia Wei Xiang Su San, it is used because it relieves headache.

Learn more about Vitex Fruits (Man Jing Zi)

Xiang Fu is an assistant ingredient in Jia Wei Xiang Su San. This means that it either serves to reinforces the effect of other ingredients or it moderates their toxicity.

6. Coco-Grass Rhizomes (Xiang Fu)

Part used: Dried rhizome

Nature: Neutral

Taste(s): BitterPungentSweet

Meridian affinity: LiverSanjiaoSpleen

Category: Herbs that regulate Qi

Xiang Fu promotes Qi and Blood circulation in the Interior and enables the the General Qi to ascend and spread throughout the Exterior.  It is particularly good at releasing constraint and removing Stagnation from all twelve Channels.

Learn more about Coco-Grass Rhizomes (Xiang Fu)

Chuan Xiong is an assistant ingredient in Jia Wei Xiang Su San. This means that it either serves to reinforces the effect of other ingredients or it moderates their toxicity.

7. Szechuan Lovage Roots (Chuan Xiong)

Part used: Dried rhizome

Nature: Warm

Taste(s): Pungent

Meridian affinity: GallbladderLiverPericardium

Category: Herbs that invigorate the Blood

Chuan Xiong treats of headache. It focuses on the Liver especially, which governs ascension and dispersal. If there is no Qi and Blood Stagnation in the Interior, Pernicious Influences are more easily dispersed from the Exterior.

Learn more about Szechuan Lovage Roots (Chuan Xiong)

Chen Pi is an assistant ingredient in Jia Wei Xiang Su San. This means that it either serves to reinforces the effect of other ingredients or it moderates their toxicity.

8. Tangerine Peel (Chen Pi)

Part used: Dried pericarp of the ripe fruit

Nature: Warm

Taste(s): BitterPungent

Meridian affinity: LungSpleen

Category: Herbs that regulate Qi

In general Chen Pi's main actions are as follows: "Warms the Spleen and regulates the Middle Burner Qi. Dries Dampness and disperses Phlegm from the Lungs and Middle Burner. Reduces the potential for Stagnation caused by tonifying herbs."

In the context of Jia Wei Xiang Su San, it is used because it regulates and ascends Qi. It also dries Dampness.

Learn more about Tangerine Peel (Chen Pi)

Sheng Jiang is an assistant ingredient in Jia Wei Xiang Su San. This means that it either serves to reinforces the effect of other ingredients or it moderates their toxicity.

9. Fresh Ginger (Sheng Jiang)

Part used: Fresh root

Nature: Warm

Taste(s): Pungent

Meridian affinity: LungSpleenStomach

Category: Warm/Acrid herbs that release the Exterior

In general Sheng Jiang's main actions are as follows: "Relieves the Exterior and disperses Cold. Warms and circulates Qi in the Middle Burner. Calms a restless fetus and treats morning sickness. Treats seafood poisoning."

In the context of Jia Wei Xiang Su San, it is used because it is acrid. It assists the Lungs in better controlling of the pores and interstices.

Learn more about Fresh Ginger (Sheng Jiang)

Gan Cao is an envoy ingredient in Jia Wei Xiang Su San. This means that it directs the formula towards certain area of the body and/or harmonizes the actions of other ingredients.

10. Liquorice (Gan Cao)

Part used: Dried root and rhizome

Nature: Neutral

Taste(s): Sweet

Meridian affinity: HeartLungSpleenStomach

Category: Tonic herbs for Qi Deficiency

Gan Cao harmonizes the actions of the other herbs. It also strengthens the
Stomach and prevents the Qi regulating herbs from consuming
the Qi.

Learn more about Liquorice (Gan Cao)

Formulas similar to Jia Wei Xiang Su San

Shi Shen Tang is 55% similar to Jia Wei Xiang Su San

Chai Hu Shu Gan San is 40% similar to Jia Wei Xiang Su San

Cang Fu Dao Tan Wan is 40% similar to Jia Wei Xiang Su San

Xiong Gui Er Chen Tang is 40% similar to Jia Wei Xiang Su San

Qiang Huo Sheng Shi Tang is 40% similar to Jia Wei Xiang Su San

Jing Fang Bai Du San is 38% similar to Jia Wei Xiang Su San