Ginseng (Ren Shen) Yam (Shan Yao) Poria-cocos mushrooms (Fu Ling) Prepared rehmannia (Shu Di Huang)

Ren Shen Zi Xie Tang

Chinese: 人参滋血汤

Pinyin: Rén Shēn Zī Xiě Tāng

Other names: Ginseng Growing Blood Decoction

Number of ingredients: 7 herbs

Formula category: Formulas that tonify Blood

Conditions for which it may be prescribed: Scanty menstruation

Main actions: Tonifies Blood

Source date: 1602 AD

Source book: Indispensable Tools for Pattern Treatment

Ren Shen Zi Xie Tang is a 7-ingredient Chinese Medicine formula with Ginseng (Ren Shen) as a principal ingredient.

Invented in 1602 AD, it belongs to the category of formulas that tonify Blood. Its main action is that it tonifies Blood.

In Chinese Medicine health conditions are thought to arise due to "disharmonies" in the body as a system. These disharmonies are called "patterns" and the very purpose of herbal formulas is to fight them in order to restore the body's harmony.

In this case Ren Shen Zi Xie Tang is used by TCM practitioners to fight patterns like Blood Deficiency. From a Western Medicine standpoint, such patterns can give rise to a range of conditions such as scanty menstruation for instance.

On this page, after a detailed description of each of the seven ingredients in Ren Shen Zi Xie Tang, we review the patterns and conditions that Ren Shen Zi Xie Tang helps treat.

The seven ingredients in Ren Shen Zi Xie Tang

Ren Shen is a king ingredient in Ren Shen Zi Xie Tang. Like the name indicates, it means it has more power than other ingredients in the formula.

1. Ginseng (Ren Shen)

Part used: Dried root

Nature: Warm

Taste(s): BitterSweet

Meridian affinity: SpleenHeartLung

Category: Tonic herbs for Qi Deficiency

In general Ren Shen's main actions are as follows: "Very strongly tonifies the Qi. Tonifies the Lungs and Spleen. Assists the body in the secretion of Fluids and stops thirst. Strengthens the Heart and calms the Shen (mind/spirit)."

In the context of Ren Shen Zi Xie Tang, it is used because it tonifies Qi in order to nourish Blood.

Learn more about Ginseng (Ren Shen)

2. Yam (Shan Yao)

Part used: Dried rhizome

Nature: Neutral

Taste(s): Sweet

Meridian affinity: SpleenKidneyLung

Category: Tonic herbs for Qi Deficiency

In general Shan Yao's main actions are as follows: "Tonifies the Spleen and Stomach. Tonifies the Lung Qi and nourishes the Lung Yin. Nourishes the Kidneys and consolidates Jing."

In the context of Ren Shen Zi Xie Tang, it is used because it tonifies Qi in order to nourish Blood.

Learn more about Yam (Shan Yao)

3. Poria-Cocos Mushrooms (Fu Ling)

Part used: Dried sclerotium

Nature: Neutral

Taste(s): Sweet

Meridian affinity: SpleenHeartKidneyLung

Category: Herbs that drain Dampness

In general Fu Ling's main actions are as follows: "Encourages urination and drains Dampness. Tonic to the Spleen/Stomach. Assists the Heart and calms the Spirit."

In the context of Ren Shen Zi Xie Tang, it is used because it tonifies Qi in order to nourish Blood.

Learn more about Poria-Cocos Mushrooms (Fu Ling)

4. Prepared Rehmannia (Shu Di huang)

Part used: Prepared dried root tuber

Nature: Warm

Taste(s): Sweet

Meridian affinity: KidneyLiver

Category: Tonic herbs for Blood Deficiency

In general Shu Di huang's main actions are as follows: "Tonifies the Blood. Tonifies the Yin of the Kidneys."

In the context of Ren Shen Zi Xie Tang, it is used because it nourishes Blood.

Learn more about Prepared Rehmannia (Shu Di huang)

5. Dong Quai (Dang Gui)

Part used: Dried root

Nature: Warm

Taste(s): PungentSweet

Meridian affinity: SpleenHeartLiver

Category: Tonic herbs for Blood Deficiency

In general Dang Gui's main actions are as follows: "Tonifies the Blood. Lubricates the Intestines. Relieve constipation. Promotes circulation and dispels Bi Pain. Reduce Dysmenorrhea and help with irregular menstruation."

In the context of Ren Shen Zi Xie Tang, it is used because it nourishes Blood.

Learn more about Dong Quai (Dang Gui)

6. White Peony Roots (Bai Shao)

Part used: Dried root

Nature: Neutral

Taste(s): BitterSour

Meridian affinity: SpleenLiver

Category: Tonic herbs for Blood Deficiency

In general Bai Shao's main actions are as follows: "Tonifies the Blood and preserves the Yin. Nourishes the Liver and assists in the smooth flow of Qi. Regulates the meridians and eases the pain."

In the context of Ren Shen Zi Xie Tang, it is used because it nourishes Blood.

Learn more about White Peony Roots (Bai Shao)

7. Szechuan Lovage Roots (Chuan Xiong)

Part used: Dried rhizome

Nature: Warm

Taste(s): Pungent

Meridian affinity: GallbladderLiverPericardium

Category: Herbs that invigorate the Blood

In general Chuan Xiong's main actions are as follows: "Regulates and moves the Blood. Relieves Wind-Cold and pain. Circulates the Qi in the Upper Burner, relieving headaches."

In the context of Ren Shen Zi Xie Tang, it is used because it invigorates Blood.

Learn more about Szechuan Lovage Roots (Chuan Xiong)

Ren Shen Zi Xie Tang is used to treat Blood Deficiency

It's important to remember that herbal formulas are meant to treat patterns, not "diseases" as understood in Western Medicine. According to Chinese Medicine patterns, which are disruptions to the body as a system, are the underlying root cause for diseases and conditions.

As such Ren Shen Zi Xie Tang is mostly used to treat the pattern "Blood Deficiency" which we describe below.

But before we delve into Blood Deficiency it is worth mentioning that it is often associated with the condition "scanty menstruation". Again it wouldn't be correct to say "Ren Shen Zi Xie Tang treats scanty menstruation". Rather, Ren Shen Zi Xie Tang is used to treat Blood Deficiency, which is sometimes the root cause behind scanty menstruation.

Now let's look at Blood Deficiency, a pattern that TCM practitioners commonly treat with Ren Shen Zi Xie Tang.

Blood (Xue) is one of Chinese Medicine's vital subtances. Learn more about Blood in Chinese Medicine

Blood Deficiency

Ren Shen Zi Xie Tang is sometimes prescribed by TCM practitioners to treat Blood Deficiency. This pattern leads to symptoms such as amenorrhea, scanty periods, dizziness and numbness. Patients with Blood Deficiency typically exhibit choppy (Se) or fine (Xi) pulses as well as a pale tongue.

A Deficiency of Blood occurs when their entire body, a part of body or a particular Organ is insufficiently nourished by Blood. This can be caused by a loss of blood, insufficient Spleen Qi to produce Blood or congealed Blood which prevents new Blood from forming.

The Organs most likely to be... read more about Blood Deficiency

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