The information provided here is not a replacement for a doctor. You shouldn't use it for the purpose of self-diagnosing or self-medicating but rather so you can have a more informed discussion with a professional TCM practitioner.
Chinese name: 气虚
Pinyin name: Qì Xū
When Qi is Deficient, it typically appears as tiredness or weakness in the body. Since Qi is lacking, it is unable to perform any of its functions. Some of the symptoms for Qi Deficiency also commonly apply for other conditions. The overall differentiating symptoms for Qi Deficiency, however, is that there will be accompanying tiredness and weakness as well.
This may apply to any of the different types of Qi, including the Qi in Organs. For instance, if Defensive Qi is insufficient, the person may be prone to frequent colds and flu and spontaneous sweating. If Spleen Qi is Deficient, the Uterus or Bladder may prolapse or the appetite may be poor and digestion sluggish. Kidneys Qi Deficiency may cause poor Body Fluids regulation and thus leads to edema, frequent urination or incontinence. The most common types of Qi Deficiency are Lungs and Spleen Qi Deficiencies. This is because the Lungs 'govern Qi' and the Spleen is the source of Qi through its activity of transformation and transportation. Heart and Kidneys Qi Deficiencies are also fairly common.
Qi is one of Chinese Medicine's vital subtances. Learn more about Qi in Chinese Medicine
Pulse type(s): Empty (Xu) or weak (Ruo)
Tongue color: Pale
Possible symptoms: Fatigue Coughing Tiredness Dizziness Weak voice Amenorrhea Weak limbs Cold limbs Low energy Weak knees Weak Limbs Empty pulse Palpitations Loose stools Listlessness Poor appetite Spermatorrhea Weak lower back Prolonged menses Frequent urination Pale color periods Shortness of breath Shallow respiration Spontaneous sweating Pale menstrual blood Frequent colds or flu Thin and watery periods
Diagnosing a pattern in Chinese Medicine is no easy feat and should be left to professional practitioners.
In particular one has to know how to differentiate between different types of pulses and tongue coatings, shapes and colors. Here patients with Qi Deficiency will tend to exhibit empty (Xu) or weak (Ruo) pulses as well as a pale tongue.
Practitioners also learn to read from a long list of seemingly unrelated symptoms. Here patients with Qi Deficiency might experience symptoms like shortness of breath, weak voice, spontaneous sweating and poor appetite (full list here above).
Source date: 1247
Number of ingredients: 10 herbs
Key actions: Tonifies Qi of the Spleen and Stomach (Middle Burner). Raises the Yang. Detoxifies. Lifts what has sunken.
Bu Zhong Yi Qi Tang is a 10-ingredient Chinese Medicine formula with Milkvetch Roots (Huang Qi) as a principal ingredient. Invented in 1247, it belongs to the category of formulas that tonify Qi.
Source date: 1529 AD
Number of ingredients: 12 herbs
Key actions: Tonifies and nourish Qi and Blood. Tonifies Heart and Spleen.
Gui Pi Tang is a 12-ingredient Chinese Medicine formula with Ginseng (Ren Shen), Milkvetch Roots (Huang Qi), Atractylodes Rhizomes (Bai Zhu) and Liquorice (Gan Cao) as principal ingredients. Invented in 1529 AD, it belongs to the category of formulas that tonify Qi and Blood.
Source date: 1107 AD
Number of ingredients: 4 herbs
Key actions: Tonifies Qi. Strengthens the Spleen and Stomach.
Si Jun Zi Tang is a 4-ingredient Chinese Medicine formula with Ginseng (Ren Shen) as a principal ingredient. Invented in 1107 AD, it belongs to the category of formulas that tonify Qi.
Typical symptoms for abnormal uterine bleeding caused by Qi Deficiency: Fatigue Dizziness Cold limbs Low energy Weak knees Palpitations Loose stools Poor appetite Weak lower back Pale color periods Thin and watery periods
The pathology of abnormal uterine bleeding is a bit similar to that of spontaneous flow of breast milk. A key cause is that Qi is not strong enough to hold Body Fluids - be they breast milk or menstruation blood - so the Fluids flow out unwantedly. Since this is an Deficient type of bleeding, it is characterized by flooding at the beginning of the period, which then stops and continues with dripping after the periods end. A pale red blood color is a typical symptom.
Qi Deficiency is a key cause of heavy menstruation and abnormal uterine bleeding. The way it works is that Qi is not firm enough to hold Blood in the vessels and it therefore flows out unwantedly. The Directing and Penetrating Vessels are also too weak to contain Blood.
The Spleen is the major Organ involved in this pattern because its role is to 'transform and transport' food and drinks, extracting Grain Qi (Gu Qi) out of them, and distributing it to other Organs and Blood vessels....Read more about heavy menstruation