Liver Qi Deficiency

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Pattern factsheet

Chinese name: 肝气虚

Pinyin name: Gān Qì Xū

Associated TCM concepts: Liver Qi Deficiency / Empty


Common symptoms: Timidity Dizziness Indecision Depression Nervousness and nine other symptoms

Pulse type(s): Weak (Ruo)

Tongue description: Pale or normal

Liver Qi Deficiency is a pattern of disharmony in Chinese Medicine.

Chinese Medicine views the human body as a complex system that tends toward harmony. A pattern of disharmony is a disorder that prevents that harmony from occurring.

Patterns give rise to symptoms that may at first glance seem unrelated from a Western standpoint but that actually make a lot of sense when one understands Chinese Medicine theory. For instance here Liver Qi Deficiency gives rise to such diverse symptoms as dizziness, blurred vision, floaters in eyes and nervousness (as well as ten others).

To diagnose a pattern, analyzing a patient's pulse as well as their tongue is common practice. In the case of Liver Qi Deficiency patients tend to exhibit weak (Ruo) pulses.

Diagnosing Liver Qi Deficiency

The Liver is a so-called "Zang" Organ. Learn more about the Liver in Chinese Medicine

Diagnosing a pattern in Chinese Medicine is no easy feat and should be left to professional practitioners.

In particular one has to know how to differentiate between different types of pulses and tongue coatings, shapes and colors. Here patients with Liver Qi Deficiency will tend to exhibit weak (Ruo) pulses.

Practitioners also learn to read from a long list of seemingly unrelated symptoms. Here patients with Liver Qi Deficiency might experience symptoms like dizziness, blurred vision, floaters in eyes and nervousness (full list here above).