Myrrh

Chinese: 没药

Pinyin: Mò Yào

Parts used: Dried resin of the tree

TCM category: Herbs that invigorate the Blood

TCM nature: Neutral

TCM taste(s): Bitter

Meridian affinity: SpleenHeartLiver

Scientific name: Commiphora myrrha

Use of myrrh (Mo Yao) in TCM

Please note that you should never self-prescribe TCM ingredients. A TCM ingredient is almost never eaten on its own but as part of a formula containing several ingredients that act together. Please consult a professional TCM practitioner, they will be best able to guide you.

Preparation: Once extracted from the tree, dry the resin

Dosage: 3 - 9 grams

Main actions according to TCM*: Moves Blood and relieves Stagnation and pain caused by Blood Stagnation. Assists in wound healing.

Primary conditions or symptoms for which myrrh may be prescribed by TCM doctors*: Wounds Sores Ulcers Carbuncles Traumatic injuries Irregular menstruation Painful menstruations

Contraindications*: This herb should not be used by pregnant women. It should not be taken internally for extended periods of time.

Key TCM concepts behind myrrh (Mo Yao)'s properties

In Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), myrrh are plants that belong to the 'Herbs that invigorate the Blood' category. Like the name indicates these herbs tend to stimulate the Blood flow. In TCM they're used to help the circulation of Blood in cardiovascular conditions or menstrual irregularities as well as to treat acute pains caused by Blood Stagnation. They can also be used to treat Blood Stasis in the case of certain tumors, cysts and hardened clots.

Furthermore myrrh are plants that are Neutral in nature. This means that myrrh typically don't affect the balance in your body. Balance between Yin and Yang is a key health concept in TCM. Eating too many "Hot" (Yang) ingredients can lead to an imbalance whereby one has a Yang excess. The inverse is true as well: too many "Cold" (Yin) ingredients can lead to a Yin excess. The Neutral nature of myrrh means that you don't have to worry about that!

Myrrh also taste Bitter. The so-called "five elements" theory in Chinese Medicine states that the taste of TCM ingredients is a key determinant of their action in the body. Bitter ingredients like myrrh tend to have a cleansing action on the body by clearing heat, drying dampness and promoting elimination via urination or bowel movements.

The tastes of ingredients in TCM also determine what organs and meridians they target. As such myrrh are thought to target the Spleen, the Heart and the Liver. In TCM the Spleen assists with digestion, blood coagulation and fluid metabolism in the body. In addition to regulating blood flow, the Heart is believed to be the store of the "spirit" which basically refers to someone's vitality. The Liver is often referred as the body's "general" because it is in charge of regulating the movements of Qi and body fluids. It also takes a leading role in balancing our emotions.

Research on myrrh(Mo Yao)

The formulation of myrrh may be safe, well tolerated, and effective for treating fascioliasis.1

Myrrh proved to be safe and very effective in treatment of schistosomiasis haematobium and mansoni infections.2

Sources:

1. Massoud A, El Sisi S, Salama O, Massoud A. (2001). Preliminary study of therapeutic efficacy of a new fasciolicidal drug derived from Commiphora molmol (myrrh). Am J Trop Med Hyg. , 65(2):96-9.

2. Abo-Madyan AA, Morsy TA, Motawea SM. (2004). Efficacy of Myrrh in the treatment of schistosomiasis (haematobium and mansoni) in Ezbet El-Bakly, Tamyia Center, El-Fayoum Governorate, Egypt. J Egypt Soc Parasitol. , 34(2):423-46.