The information provided here is not a replacement for a doctor. You shouldn't use it for the purpose of self-diagnosing or self-medicating but rather so you can have a more informed discussion with a professional TCM practitioner.
Heat Excess in the Liver or Gallbladder is a pattern of disharmony in Chinese Medicine.
Chinese Medicine views the human body as a complex system that tends toward harmony. A pattern of disharmony is a disorder that prevents that harmony from occurring.
Patterns give rise to symptoms that may at first glance seem unrelated from a Western standpoint but that actually make a lot of sense when one understands Chinese Medicine theory. For instance here Heat Excess in the Liver or Gallbladder gives rise to such diverse symptoms as fixed pain in the hypochondria, headaches, dizziness and red and sore eyes (as well as nine others).
To diagnose a pattern, analyzing a patient's pulse as well as their tongue is common practice. In the case of Heat Excess in the Liver or Gallbladder patients tend to exhibit full (Shi) pulses as well as a red tongue with yellow coating.
Patterns aren't exactly the Chinese Medicine equivalent to Western diseases, they're rather the underlying causes behind diseases or health conditions. Here Heat Excess in the Liver or Gallbladder is thought to sometimes induce conditions such as pelvic inflammatory disease, conjunctivitis or eczema (as well as sixteen others).
Please keep in mind that a Western Medicine condition can be caused by several Chinese Medicine patterns of disharmony and vice versa. As such a patient suffering from one of the conditions below will not necessarily be suffering from Heat Excess in the Liver or Gallbladder, it is just one pattern that's commonly associated with the condition. Click on a condition to learn what other patterns it's associated with.
Pelvic inflammatory disease Conjunctivitis Eczema Polycystic ovaries Hyperthyroid Orchitis Furuncles Purulent otitis Rhinitis Acute viral hepatitis Acute cholecystitis Acute pyelonephristis Acute cystitis Vulvitis Herpes zoster Retinal haemorrhage Haemorrhagic glaucoma Cushings syndrome Adrenal cortex hyperpalsia
The Liver is a so-called "Zang" Organ. Learn more about the Liver in Chinese Medicine
Pulse type(s): Full (Shi)
Tongue coating: Yellow coating
Tongue color: Red
Possible symptoms: Headaches Dizziness Irritability Short temper Red and sore eyes Painful urination Diminished hearing Swelling in the ears Foul-smelling leukorrhea Bitter taste in the mouth Fixed pain in the hypochondria Shortened menstrual cycle in women Swollen and itchy external genitalia
Diagnosing a pattern in Chinese Medicine is no easy feat and should be left to professional practitioners.
In particular one has to know how to differentiate between different types of pulses and tongue coatings, shapes and colors. Here patients with Heat Excess in the Liver or Gallbladder will tend to exhibit full (Shi) pulses as well as a red tongue with yellow coating.
Practitioners also learn to read from a long list of seemingly unrelated symptoms. Here patients with Heat Excess in the Liver or Gallbladder might experience symptoms like fixed pain in the hypochondria, headaches, dizziness and red and sore eyes (full list here above).
Source date: 1682 AD
Number of ingredients: 10 herbs
Key actions: Clears Heat and Fire from the Liver and Gallbladder. Clears and drains Damp-Heat from the Lower Burner.
Long Dan Xie Gan Tang is a 10-ingredient Chinese Medicine formula with Chinese Gentian (Long Dan Cao) as a principal ingredient. Invented in 1682 AD, it belongs to the category of formulas that clear Heat from the Organs.