English: Lesser galangal rhizomes

Chinese: 高良姜

Parts used: Dried root and rhizome

TCM category: Herbs that warm the Interior and/or expel Cold

TCM nature: Hot

TCM taste(s): Pungent

Organ affinity: Spleen Stomach

Scientific name: Alpinia officinarum

Other names: Galanga, Galanga, Gāo liáng jiāng

Use of Gao Liang jiang (lesser galangal rhizomes) in TCM

Please note that you should never self-prescribe TCM ingredients. A TCM ingredient is almost never eaten on its own but as part of a formula containing several ingredients that act together. Please consult a professional TCM practitioner, they will be best able to guide you.

Preparation: Remove impurities, wash, soak in water, slice and dry.

Dosage: 3 to 6g.

Main actions according to TCM*: For any conditions of Cold in the Middle Burner where there are symptoms such as pain in the abdominal region, vomiting, diarrhea and chronic inflammation in the digestive tract caused by Cold.

Primary conditions or symptoms for which Gao Liang jiang may be prescribed by TCM doctors*: Abdominal pain Vomiting Diarrhea Acid reflux Loss of appetite

Contraindications*: This herb should not be used by those with Deficiency with Heat signs or by those with true Heat signs.

Common TCM formulas in which Gao Liang jiang is used*

Liang Fu Wan

Source date: 1842 AD

Number of ingredients: 2 herbs

Formula key actions: Warms the Middle Burner. Dispels Cold. Promotes the movement of Qi. Alleviates Pain.

Conditions targeted*: Chronic gastritisPeptic ulcers and others

Gao Liang jiang is a king ingredient in Liang Fu Wan. Like the name indicates, it means it has more power than other ingredients in the formula.

In Liang Fu Wan, Gao Liang jiang enters the Stomach, warms the middle, disperses cold, and stops pain.

Read more about Liang Fu Wan

Key TCM concepts behind Gao Liang jiang's properties

In Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), Gao Liang jiang belongs to the 'Herbs that warm the Interior and/or expel Cold' category. Herbs in this category are used for Internal Cold with Qi Deficiency and/or Yang Deficiency. In the Yin and Yang system of thought Yang is Hot in nature. A deficiency of Yang will therefore lead to Internal Coldness since there will as a result be more Yin (Cold in nature) than Yang. In extreme cases this can lead to so-called 'Yang collapse' with convulsions or coma and these herbs are particularly indicated to treat such scenarios.

As suggested by its category Gao Liang jiang is Hot in nature. This means that Gao Liang jiang typically helps people who have too much "Cold" in their body. Balance between Yin and Yang is a key health concept in TCM. Those who have too much 'Cold' in their body are said to either have a Yin Excess (because Yin is Cold in nature) or a Yang Deficiency (Yang is Hot in Nature). Depending on your condition Gao Liang jiang can help restore a harmonious balance between Yin and Yang.

Gao Liang jiang also tastes Pungent. The so-called 'Five Phases' theory in Chinese Medicine states that the taste of TCM ingredients is a key determinant of their action in the body. Pungent ingredients like Gao Liang jiang tends to promote the circulations of Qi and Body Fluids. That's why for instance someone tends to sweat a lot when they eat spicy/pungent food.

The tastes of ingredients in TCM also determine what Organs and Meridians they target. As such Gao Liang jiang is thought to target the Spleen and the Stomach. In TCM the Spleen assists with digestion, Blood coagulation and Fluids metabolism in the body. The Stomach on the other hand is responsible for receiving and ripening ingested food and fluids. It is also tasked with descending the digested elements downwards to the Small Intestine.

Research on Gao Liang jiang

Lesser galangal was found to have antiemetic (i.e. against vomiting and nausea) principles1


1. D Shin, K Kinoshita, K Koyama et al (2002). "Antiemetic Principles of Alpinia officinarum" J. Nat. Prod. 65, 9, 1315-1318

Use of Gao Liang jiang as food

Gao Liang jiang is also eaten as food. It is used as an ingredient in dishes such as Thai Galangal Chicken Soup Tom Ka Gai.