Pericardium Fire

At a glance

Key attributes

Chinese name: 心包火      Pinyin name: Xīn Bāo Huǒ

Pattern nature: Full

Pattern hierarchy: Specific pattern under Heat

Causes

Precursor patterns: Liver Fire Blazing

Common causes: 1. Emotional stress, 2. Diet

Diagnosis

Common symptoms: Thirst Anxiety Insomnia Chest heat Palpitations and nine other symptoms

Pulse type(s): Overflowing (Hong), Rapid (Shu), Full (Shi)

Tongue description: red tongue with yellow coating. There is redder tip with swollen red points and midline crack until the tip.

Treatment

Treatment principle: Remove Fire from the Heart and the Pericardium.

Common formulas: Xie Xin Tang

Pathology

The Mind resides in both the Heart and the Pericardium. It can be greatly disturbed by Fire in these two Organs and cause symptoms like insomnia, mental restlessness, agitation, and dream disturbed sleep. Comparing with Pericardium Blood Deficiency, the manifestations of above mental emotion are much more obvious and severe. 

The Heart and Pericardium open to the mouth and tongue, thus Fire can cause mouth ulcers,  bitter tastes and thirst. 

The feeling of chest tightness, pain and heat happens because Pericardium channel pass through chest. It also connects to the Lungs and cause slightly rapid breath. 

Finally, this pattern can also cause heavy menstruation because Pericardium Fire leads to Heat in the Blood and this Heat get passed to the Uterus through channels. 

Causes

Precursor patterns: Pericardium Fire can derive from Liver Fire Blazing

Emotional stress : Emotional stress such as sadness, grief, worry, anger, frustration, resentment or guilt can cause some degree of Heart Qi Stagnation, which then accumulates to Fire or Heat if not treated for a while.  Pericardium is the guard of the Heart and will also be affected by this Fire.

Diet: Over consumption of 'heavy food' such as red meat or alcohol can accumulate of Fire in the body.

Diagnosing Pericardium Fire

Pulse type(s): Overflowing (Hong), rapid (Shu) or full (Shi)

Tongue description: red tongue with yellow coating. There is redder tip with swollen red points and midline crack until the tip.

Main symptoms: Thirst Anxiety Insomnia Chest heat Palpitations Mouth ulcers Rapid breath Tongue ulcers Restlnessness Heavy periods Feeling of heat Dream disturbed sleep Bitter taste in the mouth Stifling sensation in the chest

Diagnosis commentary: The main characteristic symptoms of this pattern are palpitations, stifling feeling in the chest, bitter taste in  the mouth and insomnia.

Treating Pericardium Fire

Treatment principle

Remove Fire from the Heart and the Pericardium. 

Herbal formulas used to treat Pericardium Fire

Xie Xin Tang

Source date: 220 AD

Number of ingredients: 3 herbs

Key actions: Drains Fire. Resolves Toxicity. Dries Dampness.

Formula summary

Xie Xin Tang is a 3-ingredient Chinese Medicine formula. Invented in 220 AD, it belongs to the category of formulas that clear Heat and resolve toxicity.

Besides Pericardium Fire, Xie Xin Tang is also used to treat Heart Fire blazing.

Read more about Xie Xin Tang

Consequence patterns

Heart Yin Deficiency

Fire  in Pericardium can harm Yin can cause Heart Yin Deficiency. 

Liver Fire Blazing

Liver Channel and Pericardium Channel are related within the Terminal Yin (Jue Yin) Channel. Therefore Pericardium Fire can cause Liver Fire or vice versa.