Pericardium Fire

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Pattern factsheet

Chinese name: 心包火

Pinyin name: Xīn Bāo Huǒ

Associated TCM concepts: Pericardium Heat pattern

Diagnosis

Common symptoms: Thirst Anxiety Red face Insomnia Chest heat and eleven other symptoms

Pulse type(s): Overflowing (Hong), Rapid (Shu), Full (Shi)

Tongue description: red tongue with yellow coating. There is redder tip with swollen red points and midline crack until the tip.

The Mind resides in both the Heart and the Pericardium. It can be greatly disturbed by Fire in these two Organs and cause symptoms like insomnia, mental restlessness, agitation, and dream disturbed sleep. Comparing with Pericardium Blood Deficiency, the manifestations of above mental emotion are much more obvious and severe. 

The Heart and Pericardium open to the mouth and tongue, thus Fire can cause mouth ulcers,  bitter tastes and thirst. 

The feeling of chest tightness, pain and heat happens because Pericardium channel pass through chest. It also connects to the Lungs and cause slightly rapid breath. 

Finally, this pattern can also cause heavy menstruation because Pericardium Fire leads to Heat in the Blood and this Heat get passed to the Uterus through channels. 

Diagnosing Pericardium Fire

The Pericardium is a so-called "Zang" Organ. Learn more about the Pericardium in Chinese Medicine

Pulse type(s): Overflowing (Hong), rapid (Shu) or full (Shi)

Tongue description: red tongue with yellow coating. There is redder tip with swollen red points and midline crack until the tip.

Possible symptoms: Thirst Anxiety Red face Insomnia Chest heat Palpitations Mouth ulcers Rapid breath Tongue ulcers Restlnessness Heavy periods Mild chest pain Feeling of heat Dream disturbed sleep Bitter taste in the mouth Stifling sensation in the chest

Diagnosing a pattern in Chinese Medicine is no easy feat and should be left to professional practitioners.

In particular one has to know how to differentiate between different types of pulses and tongue coatings, shapes and colors. Here patients with Pericardium Fire will tend to exhibit overflowing (Hong), rapid (Shu) or full (Shi) pulses.

Practitioners also learn to read from a long list of seemingly unrelated symptoms. Here patients with Pericardium Fire might experience symptoms like mild chest pain, red face, palpitations and stifling sensation in the chest (full list here above).

Herbal formulas used to treat Pericardium Fire

Xie Xin Tang

Source date: 220 AD

Number of ingredients: 3 herbs

Key actions: Drains Fire. Resolves Toxicity. Dries Dampness.

Formula summary

Xie Xin Tang is a 3-ingredient Chinese Medicine formula with Rhubarb (Da Huang) as a principal ingredient. Invented in 220 AD, it belongs to the category of formulas that clear Heat and resolve toxicity.

Besides Pericardium Fire, Xie Xin Tang is also used to treat Heart Fire blazing.

Read more about Xie Xin Tang

Most important herbs used to treat Pericardium Fire