Liver Blood and Kidney Yin Deficiency

TCM Education Center > Patterns of disharmony > Liver Blood and Kidney Yin Deficiency

Pattern factsheet

Related conditions: Menstrual cramps

Diagnosis

Common symptoms: Fatigue Tinnitus Sore back Dizziness Scanty periods and four other symptoms

Pulse type(s): Empty (Xu), Floating (Fu)

Tongue coating: Complete absence of coating

Tongue color: Red

Liver Blood and Kidney Yin Deficiency is a pattern of disharmony in Chinese Medicine.

Chinese Medicine views the human body as a complex system that tends toward harmony. A pattern of disharmony is a disorder that prevents that harmony from occurring.

Patterns give rise to symptoms that may at first glance seem unrelated from a Western standpoint but that actually make a lot of sense when one understands Chinese Medicine theory. For instance here Liver Blood and Kidney Yin Deficiency gives rise to such diverse symptoms as sore back, scanty periods, dizziness and pain relieved with massage (as well as five others).

To diagnose a pattern, analyzing a patient's pulse as well as their tongue is common practice. In the case of Liver Blood and Kidney Yin Deficiency patients tend to exhibit empty (Xu) or floating (Fu) pulses as well as a red tongue with complete absence of coating.

Patterns aren't exactly the Chinese Medicine equivalent to Western diseases, they're rather the underlying causes behind diseases or health conditions. Here Liver Blood and Kidney Yin Deficiency is thought to sometimes induce conditions such as menstrual cramps.

Diagnosing Liver Blood and Kidney Yin Deficiency

The Liver is a so-called "Zang" Organ. Learn more about the Liver in Chinese Medicine

Pulse type(s): Empty (Xu) or floating (Fu)

Tongue coating: Complete absence of coating

Tongue color: Red

Possible symptoms: Fatigue Tinnitus Sore back Dizziness Scanty periods Blurred vision Delayed period Dull menstrual cramps Pain relieved with massage

Diagnosing a pattern in Chinese Medicine is no easy feat and should be left to professional practitioners.

In particular one has to know how to differentiate between different types of pulses and tongue coatings, shapes and colors. Here patients with Liver Blood and Kidney Yin Deficiency will tend to exhibit empty (Xu) or floating (Fu) pulses as well as a red tongue with complete absence of coating.

Practitioners also learn to read from a long list of seemingly unrelated symptoms. Here patients with Liver Blood and Kidney Yin Deficiency might experience symptoms like sore back, scanty periods, dizziness and pain relieved with massage (full list here above).

Herbal formulas used to treat Liver Blood and Kidney Yin Deficiency

Liu Wei Di Huang Wan

Source date: 1119 AD

Number of ingredients: 6 herbs

Key actions: Nutritive tonic for the Liver and Kidney Yin Essence (nourishes the parasympathetic nervous system).

Formula summary

Liu Wei Di Huang Wan is a 6-ingredient Chinese Medicine formula with Prepared Rehmannia (Shu Di huang) as a principal ingredient. Invented in 1119 AD, it belongs to the category of formulas that nourish Yin and tonify.

Besides Liver Blood and Kidney Yin Deficiency, Liu Wei Di Huang Wan is also used to treat Blood Deficiency or Yin Deficiency.

Read more about Liu Wei Di Huang Wan

Tiao Gan Tang

Source date: 1827 AD

Number of ingredients: 7 herbs

Key actions: Nourishes Kidney and Liver Yin.

Formula summary

Tiao Gan Tang is a 7-ingredient Chinese Medicine formula with Dong Quai (Dang Gui) as a principal ingredient. Invented in 1827 AD, it belongs to the category of formulas that nourish Yin and tonify.

Besides Liver Blood and Kidney Yin Deficiency, Tiao Gan Tang is also used to treat Kidney and Liver Yin Deficiency.

Read more about Tiao Gan Tang

Gui Shao Di Huang Tang

Source date: 1706 AD

Number of ingredients: 8 herbs

Key actions: Nourishes Blood. Nourishes Yin.

Formula summary

Gui Shao Di Huang Tang is a 8-ingredient Chinese Medicine formula with Prepared Rehmannia (Shu Di huang) as a principal ingredient. Invented in 1706 AD, it belongs to the category of formulas that nourish Yin and tonify.

Besides Liver Blood and Kidney Yin Deficiency, Gui Shao Di Huang Tang is also used to treat Kidney and Liver Yin Deficiency.

Read more about Gui Shao Di Huang Tang

Special highlight: the link between menstrual cramps and Liver Blood and Kidney Yin Deficiency

Dong Quai (Dang Gui) is the key herb for Tiao Gan Tang, a formula used for menstrual cramps caused by Liver Blood and Kidney Yin Deficiency

Typical symptoms for menstrual cramps caused by Liver Blood and Kidney Yin Deficiency: Fatigue Tinnitus Sore back Dizziness Scanty periods Blurred vision Delayed period Dull menstrual cramps Pain relieved with massage

Recommended herbal formulas: Tiao Gan Tang, Gui Shao Di Huang Tang, Liu Wei Di Huang Wan

Like with the Blood and Qi Deficiency pattern, dysmenorrhea caused by Liver Blood and Kidney Yin Deficiency also causes dull pain and often come towards the end of or after the period. It is more often seen in older, premenopausal women.

In this pattern, the menstrual cramps occur because there is no sufficient Liver Blood and Kidney Yin to fill the Uterus and to nourish the sinews. The pain often extends to the top of the thighs along the course of the Liver Channel. The treatment principles...Read more about menstrual cramps