The information provided here is not a replacement for a doctor. You shouldn't use it for the purpose of self-diagnosing or self-medicating but rather so you can have a more informed discussion with a professional TCM practitioner.
Chinese name: 肝肾阴虚
Pinyin name: Gān Shèn Yīn Xū
Liver Blood depends on Essence for nourishment, while Essence depends on Blood for replenishment. Both have a common source: Grain Qi derived from the Spleen. In terms of Five Elements, the Kidneys nourish the Liver.
Dry eyes are one of the most distinctive symptoms of Liver-Yin deficiency, due to the Yin of the Liver being unable to moisten the eyes.
Dream-disturbed sleep, insomnia, limbs numbness, blurred vision and scanty menstruation (or amenorrhea in the worse cases) are all symptoms of Liver Blood Deficiency, which is part of Liver Yin Deficiency.
The headache is also due to Liver Blood deficiency. It tends to be either occipital or vertical (on the vertex of the head).
The absence of coating on the tongue is a key sign of Yin Deficiency.
Please keep in mind that a Western Medicine condition can be caused by several Chinese Medicine patterns of disharmony and vice versa. As such a patient suffering from one of the conditions below will not necessarily be suffering from Kidney and Liver Yin Deficiency, it is just one pattern that's commonly associated with the condition. Click on a condition to learn what other patterns it's associated with.
Vaginal itching Menopausal syndrome Absence of menstruation Hypertension Perimenopausal syndrome Atherosclerosis Hyperthyroid Coronary artery disease Chronic glomerulonephritis Chronic nephritis Prostate diseases Urinary tract infection Renal tuberculosis Diabetes mellitus Diabetes insipidus Cataract Glaucoma Central retinopathy Optic nerve atrophy Optic neuritis Retarded growth in children
The Kidneys is a so-called "Zang" Organ. Learn more about the Kidneys in Chinese Medicine
Pulse type(s): Empty (Xu) or floating (Fu)
Tongue coating: Partial absence of coating
Tongue color: Red
Possible symptoms: Tics Vertigo Fatigue Tinnitus Insomnia Dry eyes Dry hair Dry skin Dizziness Dry mouth Sore back Headaches Dry throat Dry vagina Dry stools Amenorrhea Joint pain Infertility Hot flushes Night sweats Blurred vision Scanty periods Delayed period Lower back pain Lightheadedness Tingling of limbs Diminished hearing Vertical headaches Occipital headaches Nocturnal emissions Chronic sore throat Hot palms and soles Numbness in the limbs Withered and brittle nails Heat in vaginal and vulvar Feeling of heat in the afternoon Spontaneous and nocturnal emissions Soreness and weakness in the lower back
Diagnosing a pattern in Chinese Medicine is no easy feat and should be left to professional practitioners.
In particular one has to know how to differentiate between different types of pulses and tongue coatings, shapes and colors. Here patients with Kidney and Liver Yin Deficiency will tend to exhibit empty (Xu) or floating (Fu) pulses as well as a red tongue with partial absence of coating.
Practitioners also learn to read from a long list of seemingly unrelated symptoms. Here patients with Kidney and Liver Yin Deficiency might experience symptoms like dizziness, tinnitus, diminished hearing and lower back pain (full list here above).
Source date: 1119 AD
Number of ingredients: 6 herbs
Key actions: Nutritive tonic for the Liver and Kidney Yin Essence (nourishes the parasympathetic nervous system).
Liu Wei Di Huang Wan is a 6-ingredient Chinese Medicine formula with Prepared Rehmannia (Shu Di huang) as a principal ingredient. Invented in 1119 AD, it belongs to the category of formulas that nourish Yin and tonify.
Source date: 846 AD
Number of ingredients: 4 herbs
Key actions: Restores and nourishes Blood. Stimulates Blood circulation.
Si Wu Tang is a 4-ingredient Chinese Medicine formula with Prepared Rehmannia (Shu Di huang) and White Peony Roots (Bai Shao) as principal ingredients. Invented in 846 AD, it belongs to the category of formulas that tonify Blood.
Source date: 1624 AD
Number of ingredients: 8 herbs
Key actions: Nourishes the Yin. Strengthens the Kidneys. Fills the Essence. Augments the marrow.
Zuo Gui Wan is a 8-ingredient Chinese Medicine formula with Prepared Rehmannia (Shu Di huang) as a principal ingredient. Invented in 1624 AD, it belongs to the category of formulas that nourish Yin and tonify.
Eat plenty of grains, vegetables and a little meat (preferably white meat). Avoid spicy, greasy and fried foods, caffeinated foods and drinks including coffee, black tea, cocoa, alcohol, drugs, chips of all kinds, turkey and red meats.
Rest is extremely important in nourishing Yin, as is meditation, contemplation and prayer. Avoid excessive mental and sexual activity as well as overwork.
When it comes to exercise stretching and light movement are beneficial, such as Yoga, Tai Chi, Qi Gong, swimming and walking.
Liver and Kidney Yin Deficiency are some of the most common Yin Deficiency pattern. Blood is a Yin elements and Yin Deficiency dries the 'Sea of Blood' of the Penetrating Vessel. Therefore the menstruation ceases. This pattern is the result of overwork, chronic disease or giving birth to too many children too close together. It happens more amongst women who are over 30 years old, in contrast to the patterns of Kidney Essence and Liver Blood Deficiency which happens more to younger girls.
Typical symptoms for menopausal syndrome caused by Kidney and Liver Yin Deficiency: Tics Tinnitus Dry eyes Dry skin Dizziness Sore back Headaches Amenorrhea Joint pain Hot flushes Night sweats Blurred vision Spontaneous and nocturnal emissions
Prolonged Yin Deficiency leads to Liver Yang Rising, as the Yang can not be kept under control. Sometime it can even agitate Liver Wind Internally. Then symptoms such as dizziness, tics, headache and tinnitus appear. Blurred vision is also a typical sign, as Liver opens into the eyes. The Liver houses the...Read more about menopausal syndrome