Dry-Heat or Dry-Fire

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At a glance

Key attributes

Chinese name: 燥热 / 燥火      Pinyin name: Zào Rè / Zào Huǒ

Pattern nature: Full

Causes

Common causes: External pathogenic factor

Diagnosis

Common symptoms: Fever Thirst Sweating Dry Skin Dry nose and five other symptoms

Pulse type(s): Rapid (Shu), Floating (Fu)

Tongue description: Dry tongue with thin white coating

Treatment

Treatment principle: Release the Exterior, clear Heat, promote fluids.

Common formulas: Qing Zao Jiu Fei Tang Xing Su San Sang Xing Tang

Pathology

Within the Four-Levels theory, Dry-Heat is the first level of invasion of External Pathogens, when it still resides in the body's Exterior.

It is the combination of two pathogens: Heat and Dryness. Both Evils can hurt Body Fluids and as a result injures Yin.  As vicious circle, it makes the Dry-Heat or Dry-Fire situation worse. 

Dryness causes symptoms like dry skin, nose, hair, throat, mouth and lips. It also causes excessive thirst and dry coughing with scanty or no sputum. 

The tongue coating is white because the pathogenic factor is on the Exterior.

Causes

External pathogenic factor: Dry-Heat is caused by a combination of Heat and Dryness, two of the so-called "Six Evils".

Diagnosing Dry-Heat or Dry-Fire

Pulse type(s): Rapid (Shu) or floating (Fu)

Tongue description: Dry tongue with thin white coating

Main symptoms: Fever Thirst Sweating Dry Skin Dry nose Dry cough Dry mouth Dry throat Sore throat Aversion to cold

Diagnosis commentary: The key characteristic symptoms of this pattern are the dry nose, mouth and throat.

Treating Dry-Heat or Dry-Fire

Treatment principle

Release the Exterior, clear Heat, promote fluids.

Herbal formulas used to treat Dry-Heat or Dry-Fire

Xing Su San

Source date: 1798 AD

Number of ingredients: 11 herbs

Key actions: Clears Dry-Cold. Disseminates the Lung Qi and relieves cough. Transforms thin mucus.

Formula summary

Xing Su San is a 11-ingredient Chinese Medicine formula. Invented in 1798 AD, it belongs to the category of formulas that disperse Dryness and moisten.

Besides Dry-Heat or Dry-Fire, Xing Su San is also used to treat Body Fluids Deficiency or Dry-Cold.

Read more about Xing Su San

Qing Zao Jiu Fei Tang

Source date: 1658 AD

Number of ingredients: 9 herbs

Key actions: Clears dryness. Moistens the Lungs.

Formula summary

Qing Zao Jiu Fei Tang is a 9-ingredient Chinese Medicine formula. Invented in 1658 AD, it belongs to the category of formulas that disperse Dryness and moisten.

Besides Dry-Heat or Dry-Fire, Qing Zao Jiu Fei Tang is also used to treat Lung Yin Deficiency.

Read more about Qing Zao Jiu Fei Tang

Sang Xing Tang

Source date: 1798 AD

Number of ingredients: 7 herbs

Key actions: Clears and disperses Dryness.

Formula summary

Sang Xing Tang is a 7-ingredient Chinese Medicine formula. Invented in 1798 AD, it belongs to the category of formulas that clear Dryness.

Besides Dry-Heat or Dry-Fire, Sang Xing Tang is also used to treat Dry-Wind.

Read more about Sang Xing Tang

Consequence patterns

Fire in Stomach and Intestines

If left untreated Dry-Heat or Dry-Fire can lead to Fire in Stomach and Intestines