Body Fluids Deficiency

TCM Education Center > Patterns of disharmony > Body Fluids Deficiency

Pattern factsheet

Chinese name: 津液亏虚

Pinyin name: Jīn Yè Kuī Xū

Associated TCM concepts: Body Fluids Deficiency / Empty

Diagnosis

Common symptoms: Dry skin Dry nose Dry lips Dry cough Dry tongue and two other symptoms

Pulse type(s): Choppy (Se), Fine (Xi)

Tongue shape: Cracked

Body Fluids are all the fluids in the body, except from Blood. This means that their Deficiency will inevitable result in various symptoms of Dryness. Typical symptoms include dry skin, dry mouth, dry nose, dry cough, dry lips and dry tongue.

A Deficiency of Body Fluids can cause Yin Deficiency but it can also be caused by a Yin Deficiency. Indeed Body Fluids are part of Yin and it is sometimes a first step to a more generalized Yin Deficiency. Inversely a Body Fluid Deficiency can also derive from Yin deficiency: if Yin is Deficient
over a long period of time, Body Fluids will become Deficient too.

Other causes include a bad diet (for instance a diet that's too rich in drying foods such as baked foods) or a heavy and prolonged loss of fluids such as diarrhea, vomiting or sweating. Similarly, as there is a constant interchange between Body Fluids and Blood, a Deficiency of Fluids can also derive from a heavy loss of Blood, such as during childbirth, or from excessively heavy periods.

A Body Fluid Deficiency mostly affects the Lungs, Stomach, Kidneys and Large Intestine.

Diagnosing Body Fluids Deficiency

Body Fluids (Jin Ye) is one of Chinese Medicine's vital subtances. Learn more about Body Fluids in Chinese Medicine

Pulse type(s): Choppy (Se) or fine (Xi)

Tongue shape: Cracked

Possible symptoms: Dry skin Dry nose Dry lips Dry cough Dry tongue Dry stools Dry throat

Diagnosing a pattern in Chinese Medicine is no easy feat and should be left to professional practitioners.

In particular one has to know how to differentiate between different types of pulses and tongue coatings, shapes and colors. Here patients with Body Fluids Deficiency will tend to exhibit choppy (Se) or fine (Xi) pulses.

Practitioners also learn to read from a long list of seemingly unrelated symptoms. Here patients with Body Fluids Deficiency might experience symptoms like dry tongue, dry skin, dry nose and dry cough (full list here above).

Herbal formulas used to treat Body Fluids Deficiency

Xing Su San

Source date: 1798 AD

Number of ingredients: 11 herbs

Key actions: Clears Dry-Cold. Disseminates the Lung Qi and relieves cough. Transforms thin mucus.

Formula summary

Xing Su San is a 11-ingredient Chinese Medicine formula with Apricot Seeds (Xing Ren) and Perilla Leaves (Zi Su Ye) as principal ingredients. Invented in 1798 AD, it belongs to the category of formulas that disperse Dryness and moisten.

Besides Body Fluids Deficiency, Xing Su San is also used to treat Phlegm or Exterior Dry Cold invading the Lungs.

Read more about Xing Su San

Bai He Gu Jin Tang

Source date: 1573 AD

Number of ingredients: 10 herbs

Key actions: Nourishes Lung and Kidney Yin. Lubricates the Lung and clears phlegm.

Formula summary

Bai He Gu Jin Tang is a 10-ingredient Chinese Medicine formula with Lily Bulbs (Bai He), Prepared Rehmannia (Shu Di huang) and Unprepared Rehmannia (Di Huang) as principal ingredients. Invented in 1573 AD, it belongs to the category of formulas that nourish Yin and tonify.

Besides Body Fluids Deficiency, Bai He Gu Jin Tang is also used to treat Lung Yin Deficiency or Lung and Kidney Yin Deficiency with Empty Fire.

Read more about Bai He Gu Jin Tang

Zeng Ye Tang

Source date: 1798 AD

Number of ingredients: 3 herbs

Key actions: Nourishes Yin and Essence. Lubricates Dryness.

Formula summary

Zeng Ye Tang is a 3-ingredient Chinese Medicine formula with Ningpo Figwort Roots (Xuan Shen) as a principal ingredient. Invented in 1798 AD, it belongs to the category of formulas that enrich Yin and moisten Dryness.

Besides Body Fluids Deficiency, Zeng Ye Tang is also used to treat Dryness in Large Intestine.

Read more about Zeng Ye Tang