Pericardium Blood Deficiency

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Pattern factsheet

Chinese name: 心包血虚

Pinyin name: Xīn Bāo Xuè Xū

Associated TCM concepts: Pericardium Blood Deficiency / Empty


Common symptoms: Anxiety Insomnia Dizziness Pale lips Cold hands and eleven other symptoms

Pulse type(s): Choppy (Se), Fine (Xi)

Tongue description: Pale, thin and slightly dry tongue

Pericardium is the guard of the Heart and it is the first layer of defense to be attacked in case of any pathologic influences. Therefore, it is more sensitive than the Heart. 

The Mind resides in both the Heart and the Pericardium. When Blood Deficiency occurs in both Organs, the Mind loses its residence and get agitated. As a result, the patients are easy to be scared and have insomnia, dream disturbed sleep and poorer memory. 

The Pericardium channel can be stagnated if Qi and Blood are not able to circulate properly. This can cause the feeling of chest fullness, discomfort and pain. 

As the Blood is Deficient, this pattern can lead to the shortness of breath as the Pericardium connects the Heart and Lung Qi of the chest. The Qi and Blood also fails to move properly to the hands, which results in cold hands. 

Scanty periods or amenorrhoea is another potential symptom in women due to the connection between the Uterus and the Pericardium. 

Finally, when the Pericardium channel is in disharmony, the pulse on the Heart position is often slightly hard, even though the pulse as a whole may be Choppy or Fine. 

Diagnosing Pericardium Blood Deficiency

The Pericardium is a so-called "Zang" Organ. Learn more about the Pericardium in Chinese Medicine

Diagnosing a pattern in Chinese Medicine is no easy feat and should be left to professional practitioners.

In particular one has to know how to differentiate between different types of pulses and tongue coatings, shapes and colors. Here patients with Pericardium Blood Deficiency will tend to exhibit choppy (Se) or fine (Xi) pulses.

Practitioners also learn to read from a long list of seemingly unrelated symptoms. Here patients with Pericardium Blood Deficiency might experience symptoms like shortness of breath, anxiety, dizziness and dream disturbed sleep (full list here above).

Herbal formulas used to treat Pericardium Blood Deficiency

Shen Qi Si Wu Tang

Source date: 846 AD

Number of ingredients: 6 herbs

Key actions: Restores and nourishes Blood. Stimulates Blood circulation. Tonifies Qi.

Formula summary

Shen Qi Si Wu Tang is a 6-ingredient Chinese Medicine formula with Prepared Rehmannia (Shu Di huang) and White Peony Roots (Bai Shao) as principal ingredients. Invented in 846 AD, it belongs to the category of formulas that tonify Blood.

Besides Pericardium Blood Deficiency, Shen Qi Si Wu Tang is also used to treat Heart Blood Deficiency.

Read more about Shen Qi Si Wu Tang

Most important herbs used to treat Pericardium Blood Deficiency