0.5-1 cun vertically or obliquely in a direction towards the abdomen.
Ligou LIV-5 is the starting point for the Liver Luo-Connecting Vessel, which runs all the way though the medial aspect of the leg until reaching the pubic area. Therefore, it has a close relationship with the genitourinary system and is used for clearing Damp-Heat there.
The typical manifestations are Shan disorder (Hernial and Genitourinary disorder), which includes itching, swelling and pain of the vulva or testicles, excessive vaginal discharge, turbid urine, difficult or retention of urine and etc.
It is also used for Liver Qi Stagnation, which causes pain before urination as well as distention in hypogastrium or abdomen.
Liver Qi Stagnation may also lead to the feeling of throat lump. The symptom normally gets worse under higher emotional stress and some patients are not even able to swallow foods. It is called 'Plum Stone Syndrome' (梅核气）in TCM.