Yin and Blood Deficiency

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Pattern factsheet

Diagnosis

Common symptoms: Fatigue Dry stools Mouth sores Irritability Forgetfulness and four other symptoms

Pulse type(s): Rapid (Shu), Fine (Xi)

Tongue coating: Partial absence of coating

Tongue color: Red

Yin and Blood Deficiency is a pattern of disharmony in Chinese Medicine.

Chinese Medicine views the human body as a complex system that tends toward harmony. A pattern of disharmony is a disorder that prevents that harmony from occurring.

Patterns give rise to symptoms that may at first glance seem unrelated from a Western standpoint but that actually make a lot of sense when one understands Chinese Medicine theory. For instance here Yin and Blood Deficiency gives rise to such diverse symptoms as irritability, palpitations with anxiety, fatigue and insomnia with very restless sleep (as well as five others).

To diagnose a pattern, analyzing a patient's pulse as well as their tongue is common practice. In the case of Yin and Blood Deficiency patients tend to exhibit rapid (Shu) or fine (Xi) pulses as well as a red tongue with partial absence of coating.

Patterns aren't exactly the Chinese Medicine equivalent to Western diseases, they're rather the underlying causes behind diseases or health conditions. Here Yin and Blood Deficiency is thought to sometimes induce conditions such as perimenopausal syndrome, aphthous ulcers or cardiac disease (as well as two others).

Related conditions

Perimenopausal syndrome Aphthous ulcers Cardiac disease Nervous exhaustion Chronic urticaria

Diagnosing Yin and Blood Deficiency

Blood (Xue) is one of Chinese Medicine's vital subtances. Learn more about Blood in Chinese Medicine

Diagnosing a pattern in Chinese Medicine is no easy feat and should be left to professional practitioners.

In particular one has to know how to differentiate between different types of pulses and tongue coatings, shapes and colors. Here patients with Yin and Blood Deficiency will tend to exhibit rapid (Shu) or fine (Xi) pulses as well as a red tongue with partial absence of coating.

Practitioners also learn to read from a long list of seemingly unrelated symptoms. Here patients with Yin and Blood Deficiency might experience symptoms like irritability, palpitations with anxiety, fatigue and insomnia with very restless sleep (full list here above).

Herbal formulas used to treat Yin and Blood Deficiency

Tian Wang Bu Xin Dan

Source date: 16th century

Number of ingredients: 14 herbs

Key actions: Nutritive tonic: Nourishes Yin, Blood and Vital Essence of the Heart and Kidney. Clears away pathogenic Heat, clears Deficient Heat. Sedative.

Formula summary

Tian Wang Bu Xin Dan is a 14-ingredient Chinese Medicine formula with Unprepared Rehmannia (Di Huang) as a principal ingredient. Invented in 16th century, it belongs to the category of formulas that nourish the Heart and calm the Mind.

Besides Yin and Blood Deficiency, Tian Wang Bu Xin Dan is also used to treat Heart Yin Deficiency or Heart and Kidney Yin Deficiency.

Read more about Tian Wang Bu Xin Dan

Most important herbs used to treat Yin and Blood Deficiency