Deficiency of both the Kidney Yin and Yang

TCM Education Center > Patterns of disharmony > Deficiency of both the Kidney Yin and Yang

Deficiency of both the Kidney Yin and Yang is a pattern of disharmony in Chinese Medicine.

Chinese Medicine views the human body as a complex system that tends toward harmony. A pattern of disharmony is a disorder that prevents that harmony from occurring.

Patterns give rise to symptoms that may at first glance seem unrelated from a Western standpoint but that actually make a lot of sense when one understands Chinese Medicine theory. For instance here Deficiency of both the Kidney Yin and Yang gives rise to such diverse symptoms as menopausal symptoms, hypertension, irregular menstruation and hot flushes (as well as fifteen others).

Patterns aren't exactly the Chinese Medicine equivalent to Western diseases, they're rather the underlying causes behind diseases or health conditions. Here Deficiency of both the Kidney Yin and Yang is thought to sometimes induce conditions such as menopausal syndrome, perimenopausal syndrome or hyperthyroid (as well as six others).

Related conditions

Menopausal syndrome Perimenopausal syndrome Hyperthyroid Urinary tract infection Essential hypertension Chronix glumerulonephritis Chronic pyelonephritis Polycystic kidneys Renal vascular disease

Diagnosing Deficiency of both the Kidney Yin and Yang

The Kidneys is a so-called "Zang" Organ. Learn more about the Kidneys in Chinese Medicine

Diagnosing a pattern in Chinese Medicine is no easy feat and should be left to professional practitioners.

Practitioners for instance learn to read from a long list of seemingly unrelated symptoms. Here patients with Deficiency of both the Kidney Yin and Yang might experience symptoms like menopausal symptoms, hypertension, irregular menstruation and hot flushes (full list here above).

Herbal formulas used to treat Deficiency of both the Kidney Yin and Yang

Er Zhi Wan

Source date: 1534 AD

Number of ingredients: 2 herbs

Key actions: Nourishes Liver Yin. Nourishes Kidney Yin.

Formula summary

Er Zhi Wan is a 2-ingredient Chinese Medicine formula with Glossy Privet Fruits (Nu Zhen Zi) and Eclipta Herbs (Mo han lian) as principal ingredients. Invented in 1534 AD, it belongs to the category of formulas that nourish Yin and tonify.

Besides Deficiency of both the Kidney Yin and Yang, Er Zhi Wan is also used to treat Kidney Yin Deficiency or Kidney Deficiency.

Read more about Er Zhi Wan

Er Xian Tang

Source date: 1950 AD

Number of ingredients: 6 herbs

Key actions: Nourishes Yin and tonifies Yang of the Kidneys. Clears Empty Heat. Regulates the Directing and Penetrating Vessels.

Formula summary

Er Xian Tang is a 6-ingredient Chinese Medicine formula with Curculigo Rhizomes (Xian Mao) and Epimedium Herbs (Yin Yang Huo) as principal ingredients. Invented in 1950 AD, it belongs to the category of formulas that tonify Yin and Yang.

Besides Deficiency of both the Kidney Yin and Yang, Er Xian Tang is also used to treat Kidney Yang Deficiency.

Read more about Er Xian Tang

Special highlight: the link between menopausal syndrome and Deficiency of both the Kidney Yin and Yang

Curculigo Rhizomes (Xian Mao) is the key herb for Er Xian Tang, a formula used for menopausal syndrome caused by Deficiency of both the Kidney Yin and Yang

Typical symptoms for menopausal syndrome caused by Deficiency of both the Kidney Yin and Yang: Chills Tinnitus Back pain Dizziness Dry throat Hot flushes Night sweats Frequent urination Cold hands and feet Sore and weak limbs

Recommended herbal formulas: Er Xian Tang, Er Zhi Wan

The fundamentally reason for menopausal syndrome is due to Kidney Essence decreasing. It can take the form of Kidney Yin or Yang Deficiency or the combination of these two. The combined pattern is actually quite common among women over 40s. It is more the rule than the exception. 

Depending on the predominant type (i.e. Yin or Yang Deficiency), the tongue color will be red (for Yin Deficiency) or pale (for Yang Deficiency). The pulse can be Floating-Empty or Fine-Rapid if Yin Deficiency...Read more about menopausal syndrome

Most important herbs used to treat Deficiency of both the Kidney Yin and Yang