The information provided here is not a replacement for a doctor. You shouldn't use it for the purpose of self-diagnosing or self-medicating but rather so you can have a more informed discussion with a professional TCM practitioner.
Chinese name: 寒痰
Pinyin name: Hán Tán
This couldn't be more obvious in Cold-Phlegm patterns. The "Cold" aspect of it is that it stems from a Fire Deficiency of the Gate of Life (Ming Men), which is the source of warmth for all physiological processes. This Deficiency inhibits the Spleen's ability to transform and transport the Body Fluids, which accumulate and become Phlegm and thin mucus.
The thin mucus is then sent to the Lungs, the natural next step for Body Fluids after they're filtered in the Spleen. Hence there are the symptoms of white and watery sputum as well as chest oppression in this pattern.
Body Fluids (Jin Ye) is one of Chinese Medicine's vital subtances. Learn more about Body Fluids in Chinese Medicine
Pulse type(s): Deep (Chen), slippery (Hua) or slow (Chi)
Tongue coating: Thick white coating
Tongue color: Pale
Tongue shape: Swollen
Diagnosing a pattern in Chinese Medicine is no easy feat and should be left to professional practitioners.
In particular one has to know how to differentiate between different types of pulses and tongue coatings, shapes and colors. Here patients with Cold-Phlegm will tend to exhibit deep (Chen), slippery (Hua) or slow (Chi) pulses as well as a pale tongue with thick white coating.
Practitioners also learn to read from a long list of seemingly unrelated symptoms. Here patients with Cold-Phlegm might experience symptoms like white and watery sputum, feeling of oppression of the chest, cold limbs and nausea (full list here above).
Source date: 1856 AD
Number of ingredients: 3 herbs
Key actions: Directs the Qi downward. Transforms Phlegm. Reduces harbored food.
San Zi Yang Qin Tang is a 3-ingredient Chinese Medicine formula with White Mustard Seeds (Bai Jie Zi), Perilla Seeds (Zi Su Zi) and Radish Seeds (Lai Fu Zi) as principal ingredients. Invented in 1856 AD, it belongs to the category of formulas that warm and transform Phlegm-Cold.
Besides Cold-Phlegm, San Zi Yang Qin Tang is also used to treat Phlegm clogging the Lungs with Qi Stagnation.
Source date: 220 AD
Number of ingredients: 5 herbs
Key actions: Warms the Lungs. Transforms congested Fluids.
Ling Gan Wu Wei Jiang Xin Tang is a 5-ingredient Chinese Medicine formula with Dried Ginger (Gan Jiang) as a principal ingredient. Invented in 220 AD, it belongs to the category of formulas that warm and transform Phlegm-Cold.