Xialiao BL-34

Chinese: 下髎

Pinyin: Xià Liáo


In the 4th posterior sacral foramen, between the posterior superior iliac spine and the midline.

How to locate

First identify the Tuffier's line which connects the highest points of the iliac crest. The spinous process  of the 4th lumber vertebra (L4) mostly falls on this line. 

Then palpate in an inferior direction, passing L5, and reach the most superior sacral spinous foramen. Palpate further to reach the 4th foramen, where Xialiao BL-34 is located. 

Here is to identify the 4 sacral foramens and the corresponding points at the same time. First locate the 4th sacral foramen on the level of the superior end of the rima ani (sometimes a bit more superiorly or inferiorly).

Place the little finger on the 4th foramen, then the ring, middle and index fingers on a slightly V-shaped line in a superior direction, palpating for the depressions of the sacral foramens.

With the fingers in this position, the index finger will be resting on Shangliao BL-31 of the 1st foramen, the middle finger on Ciliao BL-32 of the 2nd foramen, the ring finger on Zhongliao BL-33 of the 3rd foramen and the little finger on Xialiao BL-44 of the 4th foramen. 

Main actions

  1. Regulates the Lower Burner and facilitates urination and defecation
  2. Resolves Dampness and regulates menstruation
  3. Benefits the lower back and legs


Vertically 0.7–1 cun. Or 1.5-2 cun through the foramen. 

Caution:Reducing Needling techniques are contraindicated during pregnancy, except for promoting labor. 

Commentary for Xialiao BL-34

'Liao' means crevice, thus BL-31, BL-32, BL-33 and BL-34 are called 'Siliao'(Four crevices) or 'Baliao'(Eight crevice since there are four crevices on each side). They are called so, due to their location in the four sacral foramina. 

Shangliao BL-31 (Upper crevice) is at the highest sacral foramina. Ciliao BL-32 (Second crevice) is at the second. Zhongliao BL-33 (Middle crevice) the third, while Xialiao BL-34 (Lower crevice) is the last one. 

All these four points share similar actions. 

First of all, BL-34 regulates the Lower Burner and treats urination and defecation difficulties. Kidney Deficiency is an important underlying pattern for this disorder, which is frequently seen in elderly and weak patients. Typical urinary manifestations include painful and difficult urination, dark and retention of urine and enuresis.  While intestines related symptoms covers difficult defecation, constipation, borborygmi and diarrhoea. BL-34 has the widest action on the intestines. 

Furthermore, by removing Dampness from the Lower Burner, the point is effective in treating gynecological disorders such as dysmenorrhea, infertility, irregular menstruation, labor pain and leucorrhoea. Xialiao BL-34 has the strongest effect. 

BL-34 also has the strongest effect on solving genital disorders. Typical manifestations are swelling and painful vagina, incessant green vaginal discharge, pain of the testicles and etc. 

All these four points benefit the lumbar region, lower back and legs. They remove the Painful Obstructions from the Channel by invigorating the Qi and Blood.