Benign Prostatic Hypertrophyaccording to TCM

Symptom family: Prostate issues

What is Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy?

Benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH) is a common condition affecting older men, characterized by the non-cancerous enlargement of the prostate gland. This growth can compress the urethra, leading to symptoms such as difficulty starting urination, a weak urine stream, and frequent urination, particularly at night. Despite its prevalence, BPH remains a condition manageable through various treatment options, ensuring those affected maintain a good quality of life.

How does TCM view Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy?

Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) interprets benign prostatic hypertrophy as a manifestation of imbalance within the body’s vital energies. The enlargement of the prostate is seen not merely as a localized issue but as a reflection of broader systemic disharmony, often involving the Kidneys, Liver, or the presence of Damp-Heat.

TCM practitioners prioritize identifying the underlying pattern — be it Kidney Yang Deficiency or Qi Stagnation — to realign the body’s harmony and alleviate the symptoms of BPH.

Causes of Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy According to TCM

In TCM, benign prostatic hypertrophy is often attributed to the gradual decline of Kidney Yang and the stasis of Qi and Blood as men age. This decline can lead to a Stagnation that hampers the proper flow of fluids and Qi, creating a Damp-Heat environment conducive to prostate enlargement.

Another contributing factor, according to TCM, can be the invasion of external pathogenic factors such as Cold or Heat, which further complicates the normal functioning of the Kidneys and Bladder. Understanding these patterns is crucial for a TCM practitioner to effectively address BPH and its symptoms.

TCM Herbal Formulas for Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy

To treat BPH, TCM may recommend formulas like Di Dang Tang, which, with key herbs like Leeches, aims to invigorate Blood and dispel Stagnation, targeting the static elements that contribute to prostate enlargement.

Another approach involves warming the Kidney Yang with formulas such as Shen Qi Wan, containing Prepared aconite, to counteract the underlying deficiency leading to the condition. These treatments are tailored to the individual after careful diagnosis, often in conjunction with lifestyle and dietary adjustments to ensure the best outcomes.

Explore below some TCM herbal formulas used to address benign prostatic hypertrophy, organized by formula type.

  • By Formula Type
  • Formulas that invigorate blood and dispel blood stagnation
  • Formulas that warm yang and tonify

All "formulas that invigorate blood and dispel blood stagnation" recommended for benign prostatic hypertrophy

Formula Key herbs
Di Dang Tang Leeches (Shui Zhi), Tabanus Horseflies (Meng Chong)
Wen Jing Tang Cinnamon Twigs (Gui Zhi), Evodia Fruits (Wu Zhu Yu)

TCM Herbs for Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy

Explore below some TCM herbs used to address benign prostatic hypertrophy, organized by herb category.

  • By Herb Category
  • Herbs that invigorate the blood
  • Herbs that warm the interior and/or expel cold
  • Warm/Acrid herbs that release the exterior

"Herbs that invigorate the Blood" recommended for benign prostatic hypertrophy

Herb Formulas they belong to (if applicable)
Leeches (Shui Zhi) Di Dang Tang
Tabanus Horseflies (Meng Chong) Di Dang Tang

"Herbs that warm the Interior and/or expel Cold" recommended for benign prostatic hypertrophy

Herb Formulas they belong to (if applicable)
Prepared Aconite (Zhi Fu Zi) Shen Qi Wan
Evodia Fruits (Wu Zhu Yu) Wen Jing Tang