Stomach Qi Stagnation

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Pattern factsheet

Chinese name: 胃气滞

Pinyin name: Wèi Qì Zhì

Associated TCM concepts: Stomach Qi

Diagnosis

Common symptoms: Nausea Belching Vomiting Hiccuping Irritability and two other symptoms

Pulse type(s): Wiry (Xian)

Tongue description: No particular signs on the tongue except that in severe cases it may be Red on the sides in the central section

Epigastric distension is the cardinal symptom of Stomach-Qi Stagnation.

The Qi Stagnation in the Middle Burner (the Stomach is part of the Middle Burner) also causes Stomach-Qi to ascend and this causes belching, nausea, vomiting and hiccups. Irritability is due to Stagnation of Qi.

Diagnosing Stomach Qi Stagnation

The Stomach is a so-called "Fu" Organ. Learn more about the Stomach in Chinese Medicine

Pulse type(s): Wiry (Xian)

Tongue description: No particular signs on the tongue except that in severe cases it may be Red on the sides in the central section

Possible symptoms: Nausea Belching Vomiting Hiccuping Irritability Epigastric pain Epigastric distension

Diagnosing a pattern in Chinese Medicine is no easy feat and should be left to professional practitioners.

In particular one has to know how to differentiate between different types of pulses and tongue coatings, shapes and colors. Here patients with Stomach Qi Stagnation will tend to exhibit wiry (Xian) pulses.

Practitioners also learn to read from a long list of seemingly unrelated symptoms. Here patients with Stomach Qi Stagnation might experience symptoms like epigastric pain, epigastric distension, belching and nausea (full list here above).

Herbal formulas used to treat Stomach Qi Stagnation

Ban Xia Hou Pu Tang

Source date: 220 AD

Number of ingredients: 5 herbs

Key actions: Regulates the flow of Qi, treats esophageal spasm. Clears Phlegm.

Formula summary

Ban Xia Hou Pu Tang is a 5-ingredient Chinese Medicine formula with Crow-Dipper Rhizomes (Ban Xia) and Houpu Magnolia Bark (Hou Pu) as principal ingredients. Invented in 220 AD, it belongs to the category of formulas that promote Qi movement.

Besides Stomach Qi Stagnation, Ban Xia Hou Pu Tang is also used to treat Phlegm or Qi-Phlegm.

Read more about Ban Xia Hou Pu Tang

Zuo Jin Wan

Source date: 1481 AD

Number of ingredients: 2 herbs

Key actions: Clears Liver Heat. Directs Rebellious Qi downward. Stops vomiting.

Formula summary

Zuo Jin Wan is a 2-ingredient Chinese Medicine formula with Goldthread Rhizomes (Huang Lian) as a principal ingredient. Invented in 1481 AD, it belongs to the category of formulas that clear Heat.

Besides Stomach Qi Stagnation, Zuo Jin Wan is also used to treat Liver Qi Stagnation invading the Stomach.

Read more about Zuo Jin Wan

Diet recommendations

If you have bad eating habits (such as eating in a hurry, working while eating, or eating standing up), change them as they worsen this pattern.

Also work on your emotions (particularly anger, frustration and resentment) as they're also a key source for this pattern.

Most important herbs used to treat Stomach Qi Stagnation