The information provided here is not a replacement for a doctor. You shouldn't use it for the purpose of self-diagnosing or self-medicating but rather so you can have a more informed discussion with a professional TCM practitioner.
Chinese name: 脾肾阳虚 Pinyin name: Pí Shèn Yáng Xū
Pattern nature: Empty combined pattern
Precursor patterns: Spleen Yang Deficiency
Common causes: 1. Excessive consumption of cold and raw foods, 2. Excessive physical work, 3. Excessive sexual activity, 4. Chronic illness
Pulse type(s): Deep (Chen), Weak (Ruo)
Tongue description: Pale and wet.
Treatment principle: Tonify and warm Spleen and Kidney Yang.
Common formulas: Li Zhong Wan
A Kidney Yang Deficiency contributes to a depletion of Spleen Yang and vice versa. This pattern results when Kidney Yang is insufficient to warm Spleen Yang or when a long-term Deficiency of Spleen Yang produces Dampness which can eventually injure Kidney Yang. This is always a chronic condition.
As the root of Grain Qi (Gu Qi), a Yang Deficiency in the Spleen leads to many Qi Deficiency (Qi is Yang in Nature) symptoms all over the body: lack of strength, tiredness, lassitude, feeling of cold and a desire to lie down.
Deficient Kidney-Yang cannot transform Water and Fluids accumulate, hence the edema and the abundant urination. It also cannot help the Spleen to transport and transform, resulting in chronic diarrhea and abdominal distension.
Precursor patterns: Kidney and Spleen Yang Deficiency can derive from Spleen Yang Deficiency
Excessive consumption of cold and raw foods: Excessive consumption of cold and raw foods may weaken Kidney Yang. Kidney depleting substances such as alcohol, coffee or sugar can also be factors.
Excessive physical work: Excessive physical work or exercise - especially lifting things - weakens Kidney Yang.
Excessive sexual activity: Excessive sexual activity in men, particularly masturbation, weakens Kidney Yang.
Chronic illness: A chronic illness, especially if it leads to Spleen Yang Deficiency, can over a long period of time lead to Kidney Yang Deficiency
Diagnosing a pattern in Chinese Medicine is no easy feat and should be left to professional practitioners. In particular one has to know how to differentiate between different types of pulses and tongue coatings, shapes and colors as well as learn to read from a long list of seemingly unrelated symptoms.
Pulse type(s): Deep (Chen) or weak (Ruo)
Tongue description: Pale and wet.
Main symptoms: Apathy Diarrhea Weak legs Impotence Tiredness Lassitude Depression Loose stools Poor appetite Loss of libido Oedema of legs Lower back pain Feeling of cold Low sperm count Clear urination Urination at night Desire to lie down Cold and weak knees Cold and thin sperm Infertility in women Premature ejaculation Bright-white complexion Slight abdominal distention Sensation of cold in the back
Diagnosis commentary: Lower back pain, feeling of cold, loose stools and Deep-Weak pulse are enough in and of themselves to diagnose this pattern.
Tonify and warm Spleen and Kidney Yang.
Source date: 220 AD
Number of ingredients: 4 herbs
Key actions: Warms the Middle Burner. Strengthens the Spleen and Stomach.
Li Zhong Wan is a 4-ingredient Chinese Medicine formula. Invented in 220 AD, it belongs to the category of formulas that warm the middle and dispel Cold.
Besides Kidney and Spleen Yang Deficiency, Li Zhong Wan is also used to treat Greater Yin stage.
Eat only cooked food (nothing raw) and favor foods that are warming in nature such as beef or lamb.
For exercising favor light activities such as walking, swimming, bicycling, Yoga, Tai Chi or Qi Gong.
When it persists for a long time, Kidney and Spleen Yang Deficiency frequently leads to the formation of Dampness and/or Phlegm.
If this combined pattern becomes chronic, it may lead to Kidney Yang Deficiency with Water overflowing