Damp-Heat in the Large Intestine

At a glance

Key attributes

Chinese name: 大肠湿热      Pinyin name: Dà Cháng Shī Rè

Pattern nature: Full

Causes

Precursor patterns: Spleen Qi Deficiency

Common causes: 1. Diet, 2. Emotional stress

Diagnosis

Common symptoms: Fever Thirst Diarrhea Sweating Bloody stools and eight other symptoms

Pulse type(s): Rapid (Shu), Slippery (Hua)

Tongue description: Red tongue with sticky yellow coating

Treatment

Treatment principle: Clear Heat and Dampness, stop diarrhoea.

Common formulas: Ge Geng Huang Qin Huang Lian Tang

Pathology

The Large Intestine's main function is to absorb fluids so as to form and excrete stools. This can be greatly disturbed due to the Dampness in the Organ. As a result, fluids can not be absorbed properly and diarrhoea happens. Dampness can also be reflected by the mucus in the stools. feeling of heaviness, abdominal fullness and pain, a sticky tongue coating and Slippery pulse. Finally, fever, which doesn't disappear by sweating, might also occur due to Dampness. Please be aware that fever usually happens only for severe cases. 

If there are Heat in the Large Intestine, blood in the stools can happen as the Blood gets rebellious and leaks out of vessels due to excessive Heat. In additional to that, awfully stool smell, anus burning, thirst, dark urine, fever, red tongue and Rapid pulse are also the signs of Heat pattern. 

Depending on if Heat or Dampness predominates for a case, the symptoms of both patterns can vary greatly. Sometimes the patients only have symptoms of one pattern such as the Heat. Then that is the other pattern of Heat in the Large Intestine

Causes

Precursor patterns: Damp-Heat in the Large Intestine can derive from Spleen Qi Deficiency

Diet: Excessive consumption of hot and greasy foods may cause Damp Heat. If the patient also drink a lot of Alcohol, the situation will worsen.

Emotional stress: Prolonged emotional stress such as anxiety and worry can give rise to Interior Heat. If the patient consumes a large of amount of hot and greasy foods as mentioned above, it can cause Damp Heat in the Large Intestine.

Diagnosing Damp-Heat in the Large Intestine

Pulse type(s): Rapid (Shu) or slippery (Hua)

Tongue description: Red tongue with sticky yellow coating

Main symptoms: Fever Thirst Diarrhea Sweating Bloody stools Smelly stools Abdominal pain Mucus in stools Feeling of heat Abdominal fullness Feeling of heaviness Scanty and dark urine Burning sensation in the anus

Diagnosis commentary: Key characteristic symptoms of this pattern are abdominal pain, diarrhoea with mucus and blood in the stools.

Treating Damp-Heat in the Large Intestine

Treatment principle

Clear Heat and Dampness, stop diarrhoea.

Herbal formulas used to treat Damp-Heat in the Large Intestine

Ge Geng Huang Qin Huang Lian Tang

Source date: 220 AD

Number of ingredients: 4 herbs

Key actions: Releases the Exterior. Drains Heat.

Formula summary

Ge Geng Huang Qin Huang Lian Tang is a 4-ingredient Chinese Medicine formula. Invented in 220 AD, it belongs to the category of external formulas for External disorders.

Read more about Ge Geng Huang Qin Huang Lian Tang

Diet recommendations

Avoiding hot and greasy foods and Alcohol. 

Consequence patterns

Spleen Qi Deficiency

When Dampness obstructs the Lower Burner, where the Large Intestine is located, it can gives rise to Spleen Qi Deficiency in the Middle Burner.