Biond’s magnolia flowers (Xin Yi) Baikal skullcap roots (Huang Qin) Cape jasmine fruits (Zhi Zi) Dwarf lilyturf roots (Mai Dong) Lily bulbs (Bai He) Gypsum (Shi Gao) Anemarrhena rhizomes (Zhi Mu) Loquat leaves  (Pi Pa Ye)

Chinese: 辛夷清肺饮

Pinyin: Xīn Yí Qīng Fèi Yǐn

Other names: Magnolia Flower Drink to Clear the Lungs

Number of ingredients: 10 herbs

Formula category: Formulas that clear Heat from the Organs

Conditions for which it may be prescribed: RhinitisSinusitisNasal polyps and four other conditions

  1. Spreads Lung Qi
  2. Clears Heat
  3. Unblocks the orifices (specifically the nose)

Source date: 1617

Source book: Orthodox Lineage of External Medicine

Xin Yi Qing Fei Yin is a 10-ingredient Chinese Medicine formula with Biond’S Magnolia Flowers (Xin Yi) as a principal ingredient.

Invented in 1617, it belongs to the category of formulas that clear Heat from the Organs. Its main actions are: 1) spreads Lung Qi and 2) clears Heat.

In Chinese Medicine health conditions are thought to arise due to "disharmonies" in the body as a system. These disharmonies are called "patterns" and the very purpose of herbal formulas is to fight them in order to restore the body's harmony.

In this case Xin Yi Qing Fei Yin is used by TCM practitioners to fight patterns like /tcm-education-center/patterns/toxic-heat or /tcm-education-center/patterns/toxic-heat-stagnation. From a Western Medicine standpoint, such patterns can give rise to a range of conditions such as nasal polyps, sinusitis or rhinitis for instance.

On this page, after a detailed description of each of the ten ingredients in Xin Yi Qing Fei Yin, we review the patterns and conditions that Xin Yi Qing Fei Yin helps treat.

The ten ingredients in Xin Yi Qing Fei Yin

Xin Yi is a king ingredient in Xin Yi Qing Fei Yin. Like the name indicates, it means it has more power than other ingredients in the formula.

1. Biond’S Magnolia Flowers (Xin Yi)

Part used: Dried flower bud

Nature: Warm

Taste(s): Pungent

Meridian affinity: StomachLung

Category: Warm/Acrid herbs that release the Exterior

In general Xin Yi's main actions are as follows: "Releases the Exterior and dispels Wind-Cold. Relieves nasal congestion."

In the context of Xin Yi Qing Fei Yin, it is used because it disperses Wind and unblocks the nose.

Learn more about Biond’S Magnolia Flowers (Xin Yi)

Huang Qin is a deputy ingredient in Xin Yi Qing Fei Yin. This means it helps the king ingredient(s) treat the main pattern or it serves to treat a coexisting pattern.

2. Baikal Skullcap Roots (Huang Qin)

Part used: Dried root

Nature: Cold

Taste(s): Bitter

Meridian affinity: GallbladderHeartLarge intestineLungSmall intestineSpleen

Category: Herbs that clear Heat and dry Dampness

In general Huang Qin's main actions are as follows: "Expels Heat and Dampness. Clears Upper Burner Heat, especially of the Lung. Clears Heat and stops reckless movement of Blood. Clears pathogenic Heat which is upsetting the fetus. Cools the Liver, reducing Liver Yang rising syndrome."

In the context of Xin Yi Qing Fei Yin, it is used because it clear Toxic-Heat.

Learn more about Baikal Skullcap Roots (Huang Qin)

Zhi Zi is a deputy ingredient in Xin Yi Qing Fei Yin. This means it helps the king ingredient(s) treat the main pattern or it serves to treat a coexisting pattern.

3. Cape Jasmine Fruits (Zhi Zi)

Part used: Dried ripe fruit

Nature: Cold

Taste(s): Bitter

Meridian affinity: GallbladderHeartLungSanjiao

Category: Herbs that clear Heat and purge Fire and/or clear Summer Heat

In general Zhi Zi's main actions are as follows: "Clears Heat and calms spirit. Drains Damp-Heat affecting the Liver and Gallbladder. Clears Heat in the Blood and stops bleeding. Anti-inflammatory."

In the context of Xin Yi Qing Fei Yin, it is used because it clear Toxic-Heat.

Learn more about Cape Jasmine Fruits (Zhi Zi)

Mai Dong is a deputy ingredient in Xin Yi Qing Fei Yin. This means it helps the king ingredient(s) treat the main pattern or it serves to treat a coexisting pattern.

4. Dwarf Lilyturf Roots (Mai Dong)

Part used: Dried root tuber

Nature: Cool

Taste(s): BitterSweet

Meridian affinity: HeartLungStomach

Category: Tonic herbs for Yin Deficiency

Mai Dong enhances the Yin and moisten the Lungs so as to offset damage to the Lung Yin caused by the drying herbs in the formula and the stagnant Heat inherent in this disorder.  Dwarf lilyturf root and Lily bulb work together for this purpose.

Learn more about Dwarf Lilyturf Roots (Mai Dong)

Bai He is a deputy ingredient in Xin Yi Qing Fei Yin. This means it helps the king ingredient(s) treat the main pattern or it serves to treat a coexisting pattern.

5. Lily Bulbs (Bai He)

Part used: Dried fleshly scale leaves of the bulb

Nature: Cold

Taste(s): Sweet

Meridian affinity: HeartLung

Category: Tonic herbs for Yin Deficiency

Bai He enhances the Yin and moisten the Lungs so as to offset damage to the Lung Yin caused by the drying herbs in the formula and the stagnant Heat inherent in this disorder.  Dwarf lilyturf root and Lily bulb work together for this purpose.

Learn more about Lily Bulbs (Bai He)

Shi Gao is a deputy ingredient in Xin Yi Qing Fei Yin. This means it helps the king ingredient(s) treat the main pattern or it serves to treat a coexisting pattern.

6. Gypsum (Shi Gao)

Part used: The mineral itself

Nature: Cold

Taste(s): PungentSweet

Meridian affinity: LungStomach

Category: Herbs that clear Heat and purge Fire and/or clear Summer Heat

In general Shi Gao's main actions are as follows: "Clears Heat and drains Fire. Clears Lung Heat. Relieves thirst and restlessness. Clears Stomach Heat."

In the context of Xin Yi Qing Fei Yin, it is used because it clear Toxic-Heat.

Learn more about Gypsum (Shi Gao)

Zhi Mu is a deputy ingredient in Xin Yi Qing Fei Yin. This means it helps the king ingredient(s) treat the main pattern or it serves to treat a coexisting pattern.

7. Anemarrhena Rhizomes (Zhi Mu)

Part used: Dried rhizome

Nature: Cold

Taste(s): BitterSweet

Meridian affinity: KidneyLungStomach

Category: Herbs that clear Heat and purge Fire and/or clear Summer Heat

In general Zhi Mu's main actions are as follows: "Clears Heat and Fire from the Qi level. Clears Heat and Fire from the Lung and Stomach. Clears Heat and tonifies the Yin."

In the context of Xin Yi Qing Fei Yin, it is used because it clear Toxic-Heat.

Learn more about Anemarrhena Rhizomes (Zhi Mu)

Pi Pa Ye is an assistant ingredient in Xin Yi Qing Fei Yin. This means that it either serves to reinforces the effect of other ingredients or it moderates their toxicity.

8. Loquat Leaves (Pi Pa Ye)

Part used: Dried leaves

Nature: Cool

Taste(s): Bitter

Meridian affinity: StomachLung

Category: Herbs that relieve coughing and wheezing

Pi Pa Ye clarifies and descends, thus directing the Lung Qi downward and enabling the it to spread.  Loquat leaf and Bugbane rhizome works together to regulates Qi flow in the Upper bodyso that the turbid Qi descends and the clear Qi rises.

Learn more about Loquat Leaves (Pi Pa Ye)

Sheng Ma is an assistant ingredient in Xin Yi Qing Fei Yin. This means that it either serves to reinforces the effect of other ingredients or it moderates their toxicity.

9. Bugbane Rhizomes (Sheng Ma)

Part used: Dried rhizome

Nature: Cool

Taste(s): PungentSweet

Meridian affinity: Large intestineLungSpleenStomach

Category: Cool/Acrid herbs that release the Exterior

Sheng Ma raises the clear Yang and clears Toxic-Heat.  Loquat leaf and Bugbane rhizome works together to regulates Qi flow in the Upper bodyso that the turbid Qi descends and the clear Qi rises.

Learn more about Bugbane Rhizomes (Sheng Ma)

Gan Cao is an envoy ingredient in Xin Yi Qing Fei Yin. This means that it directs the formula towards certain area of the body and/or harmonizes the actions of other ingredients.

10. Liquorice (Gan Cao)

Part used: Dried root and rhizome

Nature: Neutral

Taste(s): Sweet

Meridian affinity: HeartLungSpleenStomach

Category: Tonic herbs for Qi Deficiency

In general Gan Cao's main actions are as follows: "Tonifies the Basal Qi and nourishes the Spleen Qi. Clears Heat and dispels toxicity. Moistens the Lungsexpel phlegm and stop coughing. Relieves spasms and alleviates pain. Harmonizes and moderates the effects of other herbs."

In the context of Xin Yi Qing Fei Yin, it is used because it harmonizing the formula, clearing Heat, and resolving Toxicity.

Learn more about Liquorice (Gan Cao)

Conditions and patterns for which Xin Yi Qing Fei Yin may be prescribed

It's important to remember that herbal formulas are meant to treat patterns, not "diseases" as understood in Western Medicine. According to Chinese Medicine patterns, which are disruptions to the body as a system, are the underlying root cause for diseases and conditions.

As such Xin Yi Qing Fei Yin is used by TCM practitioners to treat two different patterns which we describe below.

But before we delve into these patterns here is an overview of the Western conditions they're commonly associated with:

Nasal polyps Sinusitis Rhinitis Atrophic rhinitis Allergic rhinitis Chronic cough Chronic bronchitis

Again it wouldn't be correct to say "Xin Yi Qing Fei Yin treats nasal polyps" for instance. Rather, Xin Yi Qing Fei Yin is used to treat patterns that are sometimes the root cause behind nasal polyps.

Now let's look at the two patterns commonly treated with Xin Yi Qing Fei Yin.

'Heat' as a body pattern in Chinese Medicine is one of the so-called "Eight Principles". Learn more about Heat pattern in Chinese Medicine

Toxic-Heat

Xin Yi Qing Fei Yin is sometimes prescribed by TCM practitioners to treat Toxic-Heat. This pattern leads to symptoms such as fever, swellings, pus and boils. Patients with Toxic-Heat typically exhibit rapid (Shu) pulses.

There are two types of Toxic-Heat. One type is called Toxic-Heat Stagnation, which mainly happens in Channels or other surfaces like skins, throat, lymph or mouth. The symptoms include pain, redness and swollen in throat as well as skin pustule and rush. Acne during teenage time is mainly due to... read more about Toxic-Heat

'Heat' as a body pattern in Chinese Medicine is one of the so-called "Eight Principles". Learn more about Heat pattern in Chinese Medicine

Toxic-Heat Stagnation

Xin Yi Qing Fei Yin is sometimes prescribed by TCM practitioners to treat Toxic-Heat Stagnation. This pattern leads to symptoms such as pustule, carbuncles, fever and red skin eruptions. Patients with Toxic-Heat Stagnation typically exhibit rapid (Shu) pulses.

This pattern can be chronic and causes by accumulated Heat or Fire in the body, which become Toxin eventually. It can also be caused by external Pernicious Influences which combat with the Defensive Qi and it gives rise to symptoms like fever and redness. This Toxic-Heat also consumes Body Fluids... read more about Toxic-Heat Stagnation

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