Atractylodes rhizomes (Bai Zhu) Poria-cocos mushrooms (Fu Ling) Morinda roots (Ba Ji Tian) Ginkgo nuts (Bai Guo)

Wen Qi Hua Shi Tang

Chinese: 温脐化湿汤

Pinyin: Wēn Qí Huà Shī Tāng

Other names: Warming the Umbilicus and Resolving Dampness Decoction

Number of ingredients: 7 herbs

Formula category: Formulas that warm the middle and dispel Cold, Formulas that warm Yang and tonify

Conditions for which it may be prescribed: Menstrual cramps

  1. Supports Kidney Yang
  2. Supplies Spleen Qi
  3. Expels Cold and Dampness from the Uterus

Source date: 1827 AD

Source book: Fu Qing Zhu's Gynecology

Wen Qi Hua Shi Tang is a 7-ingredient Chinese Medicine formula with Atractylodes Rhizomes (Bai Zhu) as a principal ingredient.

Invented in 1827 AD, it belongs to the categories of formulas that warm the middle and dispel Cold and formulas that warm Yang and tonify. Its main actions are: 1) supports Kidney Yang and 2) supplies Spleen Qi.

In Chinese Medicine health conditions are thought to arise due to "disharmonies" in the body as a system. These disharmonies are called "patterns" and the very purpose of herbal formulas is to fight them in order to restore the body's harmony.

In this case Wen Qi Hua Shi Tang is used by TCM practitioners to fight patterns like Cold in the Uterus. From a Western Medicine standpoint, such patterns can give rise to a range of conditions such as menstrual cramps for instance.

On this page, after a detailed description of each of the seven ingredients in Wen Qi Hua Shi Tang, we review the patterns and conditions that Wen Qi Hua Shi Tang helps treat.

The seven ingredients in Wen Qi Hua Shi Tang

Bai Zhu is a king ingredient in Wen Qi Hua Shi Tang. Like the name indicates, it means it has more power than other ingredients in the formula.

1. Atractylodes Rhizomes (Bai Zhu)

Part used: Dried rhizome

Nature: Warm

Taste(s): BitterSweet

Meridian affinity: SpleenStomach

Category: Tonic herbs for Qi Deficiency

In general Bai Zhu's main actions are as follows: "Tonifies the Spleen Qi. Fortifies the Spleen Yang and dispels Damp through urination. Tonifies Qi and stops sweating. Calms restless fetus when due to Deficiency of Spleen Qi."

In the context of Wen Qi Hua Shi Tang, it is used because it nourishes the Qi of the back and umbilicus.

Learn more about Atractylodes Rhizomes (Bai Zhu)

2. Poria-Cocos Mushrooms (Fu Ling)

Part used: Dried sclerotium

Nature: Neutral

Taste(s): Sweet

Meridian affinity: SpleenHeartKidneyLung

Category: Herbs that drain Dampness

In general Fu Ling's main actions are as follows: "Encourages urination and drains Dampness. Tonic to the Spleen/Stomach. Assists the Heart and calms the Spirit."

In the context of Wen Qi Hua Shi Tang, it is used because it resolves Dampness.

Learn more about Poria-Cocos Mushrooms (Fu Ling)

3. Morinda Roots (Ba Ji Tian)

Part used: Dried root

Nature: Warm

Taste(s): PungentSweet

Meridian affinity: KidneyLiver

Category: Tonic herbs for Yang Deficiency

In general Ba Ji Tian's main actions are as follows: "Tonifies the Kidney Yang. Expels Wind-Damp-Cold painful obstruction (Bi Pain)."

In the context of Wen Qi Hua Shi Tang, it is used because it removes obstructions from the Directing Vessel (Ren Mai).

Learn more about Morinda Roots (Ba Ji Tian)

4. Ginkgo Nuts (Bai Guo)

Part used: Dried ripe seed

Nature: Neutral

Taste(s): BitterSweet

Meridian affinity: Lung

Category: Herbs that stabilize and bind

In general Bai Guo's main actions are as follows: "Assists the Lung Qi, stops cough and expels Phlegm. Stops leakage of Bodily Fluids."

In the context of Wen Qi Hua Shi Tang, it is used because it removes obstructions from the Directing Vessel (Ren Mai).

Learn more about Ginkgo Nuts (Bai Guo)

5. Hyacinth Beans (Bai Bian Dou)

Part used: Dried ripe seeds

Nature: Warm

Taste(s): Sweet

Meridian affinity: SpleenStomach

Category: Tonic herbs for Qi Deficiency

In general Bai Bian Dou's main actions are as follows: "Treats Summer Heat. Strengthens the Spleen and clears Damp-Heat. Relieves diarrhea and vomiting."

In the context of Wen Qi Hua Shi Tang, it is used because it protects the Penetrating Vessel (Chong Mai).

Learn more about Hyacinth Beans (Bai Bian Dou)

6. Yam (Shan Yao)

Part used: Dried rhizome

Nature: Neutral

Taste(s): Sweet

Meridian affinity: SpleenKidneyLung

Category: Tonic herbs for Qi Deficiency

In general Shan Yao's main actions are as follows: "Tonifies the Spleen and Stomach. Tonifies the Lung Qi and nourishes the Lung Yin. Nourishes the Kidneys and consolidates Jing."

In the context of Wen Qi Hua Shi Tang, it is used because it protects the Penetrating Vessel (Chong Mai).

Learn more about Yam (Shan Yao)

7. Lotus Seeds (Lian Zi)

Part used: Dried ripe seed

Nature: Neutral

Taste(s): SourSweet

Meridian affinity: SpleenHeartKidney

Category: Herbs that stabilize and bind

In general Lian Zi's main actions are as follows: "Tonifies the Spleen, stops diarrhea. Strengthens the Kidneys, reinforces Essence. Nourishes the Blood and calms the mind."

In the context of Wen Qi Hua Shi Tang, it is used because it protects the Penetrating Vessel (Chong Mai).

Learn more about Lotus Seeds (Lian Zi)

Wen Qi Hua Shi Tang is used to treat Cold in the Uterus

It's important to remember that herbal formulas are meant to treat patterns, not "diseases" as understood in Western Medicine. According to Chinese Medicine patterns, which are disruptions to the body as a system, are the underlying root cause for diseases and conditions.

As such Wen Qi Hua Shi Tang is mostly used to treat the pattern "Cold in the Uterus" which we describe below.

But before we delve into Cold in the Uterus it is worth mentioning that it is often associated with the condition "menstrual cramps". Again it wouldn't be correct to say "Wen Qi Hua Shi Tang treats menstrual cramps". Rather, Wen Qi Hua Shi Tang is used to treat Cold in the Uterus, which is sometimes the root cause behind menstrual cramps.

Now let's look at Cold in the Uterus, a pattern that TCM practitioners commonly treat with Wen Qi Hua Shi Tang.

The Uterus is a so-called "Extraordinary" Organ. Learn more about the Uterus in Chinese Medicine

Cold in the Uterus

Wen Qi Hua Shi Tang is sometimes prescribed by TCM practitioners to treat Cold in the Uterus. This pattern leads to symptoms such as infertility, scanty periods, painful period and late period. Patients with Cold in the Uterus typically exhibit deep (Chen) or soggy (Ru) pulses as well as a pale tongue with thin white coating.

'Cold in the Uterus' is one the most common TCM pattern for women. It can be responsible for many gynecological diseases such as menstrual cramps, irregular periods, infertility, etc. Coldness can also lead to other TCM patterns such as Blood and Qi Stagnation

There are two types of Cold... read more about Cold in the Uterus

Formulas similar to Wen Qi Hua Shi Tang

Fu Tu Dan is 43% similar to Wen Qi Hua Shi Tang

Si Jun Zi Tang is 29% similar to Wen Qi Hua Shi Tang

Liu Jun Zi Tang is 29% similar to Wen Qi Hua Shi Tang

Xiao Yao San is 29% similar to Wen Qi Hua Shi Tang

Wu Ling San is 29% similar to Wen Qi Hua Shi Tang

Zhen Wu Tang is 29% similar to Wen Qi Hua Shi Tang