Pinyin: Tòng Xiè Yào Fāng
Other names: Important Formula for Painful Diarrhea
Number of ingredients: 4 herbs
Formula category: Formulas that harmonize Liver-Spleen
Conditions for which it may be prescribed: ColitisIngestion in children
Contraindications: This formula is not recommended in situations of food poisoning diarrhea. While... This formula is not recommended in situations of food poisoning diarrhea. While this can be accompanied by stomach pain, it normally goes away once the bowels have been emptied and the food stagnation has dispersed. Other distinguishing signs include the presence of undigested food in the stools and especially foul stools. Borborygmus, if present, is typically followed by the release of foul-smelling gas. see more
Source date: 1481 AD
Source book: Essential Teachings of [Zhu] Dan-Xi
The information provided here is not a replacement for a doctor. You shouldn't use it for the purpose of self-diagnosing or self-medicating but rather so you can have a more informed discussion with a professional TCM practitioner.
Tong Xie Yao Fang is a 4-ingredient Chinese Medicine formula with Atractylodes Rhizomes (Bai Zhu) and White Peony Roots (Bai Shao) as principal ingredients.
Invented in 1481 AD, it belongs to the category of formulas that harmonize Liver-Spleen. Its main actions are: 1) tonifies the Spleen and 2) softens the Liver.
In Chinese Medicine health conditions are thought to arise due to "disharmonies" in the body as a system. These disharmonies are called "patterns" and the very purpose of herbal formulas is to fight them in order to restore the body's harmony.
From a Western Medicine standpoint, such patterns can give rise to a range of conditions such as colitis or ingestion in children for instance.
On this page, after a detailed description of each of the four ingredients in Tong Xie Yao Fang, we review the patterns and conditions that Tong Xie Yao Fang helps treat.
Bai Zhu is a king ingredient in Tong Xie Yao Fang. Like the name indicates, it means it has more power than other ingredients in the formula.
Part used: Dried rhizome
Meridian affinity: SpleenStomach
Category: Tonic herbs for Qi Deficiency
Bai Zhu strengthens the Spleen and dries Dampness. In case a Deficient Spleen interacts with an overcontrolling Liver, this herb is used to nurture the Spleen (Earth), which will have the effect of controlling the Liver(Wood). The combination of Atractylodes rhizome and White peony root works very well in controlling Wood and nurture the Earth. This stops the pain and diarrhea linked with this condition.
Bai Shao is a king ingredient in Tong Xie Yao Fang. Like the name indicates, it means it has more power than other ingredients in the formula.
Part used: Dried root
Meridian affinity: LiverSpleen
Category: Tonic herbs for Blood Deficiency
Bai Shao softens the overactive Liver and alleviates pain. The combination of Atractylodes rhizome and White peony root works very well in controlling Wood and nurture the Earth. This stops the pain and diarrhea linked with this condition.
Chen Pi is a deputy ingredient in Tong Xie Yao Fang. This means it helps the king ingredient(s) treat the main pattern or it serves to treat a coexisting pattern.
Part used: Dried pericarp of the ripe fruit
Category: Herbs that regulate Qi
Chen Pi is aromatic. It helps in harmonizing the functions of the Middle Burner and transforms Dampness. It also helps Atractylodes rhizome strengthening the Spleen and eliminating Dampness.
Fang Feng is an assistant ingredient in Tong Xie Yao Fang. This means that it either serves to reinforces the effect of other ingredients or it moderates their toxicity.
Part used: Dried root
Meridian affinity: BladderLiverSpleen
Fang Feng It enters the Liver and Spleen channels and helps relieve the overcontrol of the Spleen by the Liver, while focusing the actions of all the herbs on these two Organs. It serves as both the assistant and the envoy.
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