Rhubarb (Da Huang) Mirabilites (Mang Xiao) Liquorice (Gan Cao)

Chinese: 调胃承气汤

Pinyin: Tiào Wèi Chéng Qì Tāng

Other names: Regulate the Stomach and Order the Qi Decoction

Number of ingredients: 3 herbs

Formula category: Formulas that purge Heat accumulation

  1. Removes Heat and Dryness in the Lower Burner
  2. Removes constipation

Source date: 220 AD

Source book: Discussion of Cold Damage

Tiao Wei Cheng Qi Tang is a 3-ingredient Chinese Medicine formula with Rhubarb (Da Huang) as a principal ingredient.

Invented in 220 AD, it belongs to the category of formulas that purge Heat accumulation. Its main actions are: 1) removes Heat and Dryness in the Lower Burner and 2) removes constipation.

On this page, after a detailed description of each of the three ingredients in Tiao Wei Cheng Qi Tang, we review the patterns and conditions that Tiao Wei Cheng Qi Tang helps treat.

The three ingredients in Tiao Wei Cheng Qi Tang

Da Huang is a king ingredient in Tiao Wei Cheng Qi Tang. Like the name indicates, it means it has more power than other ingredients in the formula.

1. Rhubarb (Da Huang)

Part used: Dried root and rhizome

Nature: Cold

Taste(s): Bitter

Meridian affinity: SpleenStomachLarge intestineLiverPericardium

Category: Purgative herbs that drain downward

Da Huang breaks up abdominal masses, accumulations, lingering fluids, and harbored food by flushing them from the Stomach and Intestines

Learn more about Rhubarb (Da Huang)

Mang Xiao is a deputy ingredient in Tiao Wei Cheng Qi Tang. This means it helps the king ingredient(s) treat the main pattern or it serves to treat a coexisting pattern.

2. Mirabilites (Mang Xiao)

Part used: The rock crushed as a powder

Nature: Cold

Taste(s): BitterSalty

Meridian affinity: StomachLarge intestine

Category: Purgative herbs that drain downward

In general Mang Xiao's main actions are as follows: "Purges Stagnation in the Intestines caused by Heat and Dryness, Cools Heat and abates swelling"

In the context of Tiao Wei Cheng Qi Tang, it is used because it helps Da Huang moisten Dryness and drain downward.

Learn more about Mirabilites (Mang Xiao)

Gan Cao is an assistant ingredient in Tiao Wei Cheng Qi Tang. This means that it either serves to reinforces the effect of other ingredients or it moderates their toxicity.

3. Liquorice (Gan Cao)

Part used: Dried root and rhizome

Nature: Neutral

Taste(s): Sweet

Meridian affinity: HeartLungSpleenStomach

Category: Tonic herbs for Qi Deficiency

In general Gan Cao's main actions are as follows: "Tonifies the Basal Qi and nourishes the Spleen Qi. Clears Heat and dispels toxicity. Moistens the Lungsexpel phlegm and stop coughing. Relieves spasms and alleviates pain. Harmonizes and moderates the effects of other herbs."

In the context of Tiao Wei Cheng Qi Tang, it is used because it helps the other ingredients regulate and harmonize Stomach Qi by removing obstructions.

Learn more about Liquorice (Gan Cao)

Conditions and patterns for which Tiao Wei Cheng Qi Tang may be prescribed

The Stomach is a so-called "Fu" Organ. Learn more about the Stomach in Chinese Medicine

Stomach Heat or Fire

Tiao Wei Cheng Qi Tang is sometimes prescribed by TCM practitioners to treat Stomach Heat or Fire. This pattern leads to symptoms such as burning epigastric pain, intense thirst, desire for cold drinks and restlnessness. Patients with Stomach Heat or Fire typically exhibit rapid (Shu), slippery (Hua) or full (Shi) pulses as well as Red in the center with a dry thick yellow or dark yellow coating.

Stomach Fire indicates a true Excess of Heat in the Stomach, creating symptoms such as mouth ulcers, bad breath, intense thirst as well as strong desire for cold drinks and foods. The Blood in the Stomach Channel get rebellious due to the extreme Heat or Fire, so that it leaks out of vessels and... read more about Stomach Heat or Fire

The Stomach is a so-called "Fu" Organ. Learn more about the Stomach in Chinese Medicine

Bright Yang Fire in Stomach and Intestines

Tiao Wei Cheng Qi Tang is sometimes prescribed by TCM practitioners to treat Bright Yang Fire in Stomach and Intestines. This pattern leads to symptoms such as high fever that is worse in the afternoon, profuse sweating, sweating on limbs and abdominal fullness. Patients with Bright Yang Fire in Stomach and Intestines typically exhibit deep (Chen), rapid (Shu), slippery (Hua) or full (Shi) pulses.

Within the framework of the Six Stages theory, this is one of the two patterns of the Bright Yang stage (the second of the six stages). Within the Four Levels theory, this is one of the five patterns of the Qi level (the second of the four levels).

It corresponds to a penetration of an External... read more about Bright Yang Fire in Stomach and Intestines

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