Baikal skullcap roots (Huang Qin) Goldthread rhizomes (Huang Lian) Greater burdock fruits (Niu Bang Zi) Forsythia fruits (Lian Qiao) Wild mint (Bo He) Silkworms (Jiang Can) Ningpo figwort roots (Xuan Shen) Puffball (Ma Bo)

Chinese: 普济消毒饮

Pinyin: Pǔ Jì Xiāo Dú Yǐn

Other names: Universal Benefit Drink to Eliminate Toxin

Number of ingredients: 14 herbs

Formula category: Formulas that clear Heat and resolve toxicity

Conditions for which it may be prescribed: FurunclesCarbunclesParotiditis and eight other conditions

  1. Clears Toxic-Heat
  2. Clears Wind-Heat

Contraindications: The formula should be used with caution in treating those with Yin Deficiency,... The formula should be used with caution in treating those with Yin Deficiency, as herbs in this formula are bitter or acrid and have dispersing properties, see more

Source date: 1202 AD

Source book: Dong-Yuan's Tried and Tested Formulas

Pu Ji Xiao Du Yin is a 14-ingredient Chinese Medicine formula with Baikal Skullcap Roots (Huang Qin) and Goldthread Rhizomes (Huang Lian) as principal ingredients.

Invented in 1202 AD, it belongs to the category of formulas that clear Heat and resolve toxicity. Its main actions are: 1) clears Toxic-Heat and 2) clears Wind-Heat .

In Chinese Medicine health conditions are thought to arise due to "disharmonies" in the body as a system. These disharmonies are called "patterns" and the very purpose of herbal formulas is to fight them in order to restore the body's harmony.

From a Western Medicine standpoint, such patterns can give rise to a range of conditions such as furuncles, carbuncles or parotiditis for instance.

On this page, after a detailed description of each of the fourteen ingredients in Pu Ji Xiao Du Yin, we review the patterns and conditions that Pu Ji Xiao Du Yin helps treat.

The fourteen ingredients in Pu Ji Xiao Du Yin

Huang Qin is a king ingredient in Pu Ji Xiao Du Yin. Like the name indicates, it means it has more power than other ingredients in the formula.

1. Baikal Skullcap Roots (Huang Qin)

Part used: Dried root

Nature: Cold

Taste(s): Bitter

Meridian affinity: GallbladderHeartLarge intestineLungSmall intestineSpleen

Category: Herbs that clear Heat and dry Dampness

In general Huang Qin's main actions are as follows: "Expels Heat and Dampness. Clears Upper Burner Heat, especially of the Lung. Clears Heat and stops reckless movement of Blood. Clears pathogenic Heat which is upsetting the fetus. Cools the Liver, reducing Liver Yang rising syndrome."

In the context of Pu Ji Xiao Du Yin, it is used because it clear and drain the Toxic-Heat from the Upper Burner.

Learn more about Baikal Skullcap Roots (Huang Qin)

Huang Lian is a king ingredient in Pu Ji Xiao Du Yin. Like the name indicates, it means it has more power than other ingredients in the formula.

2. Goldthread Rhizomes (Huang Lian)

Part used: Dried rhizome

Nature: Cold

Taste(s): Bitter

Meridian affinity: GallbladderHeartLarge intestineLiverSpleenStomach

Category: Herbs that clear Heat and dry Dampness

In general Huang Lian's main actions are as follows: "Expels Damp-Heat especially in the Lower Burner. Eliminates Fire toxicity especially when there is associated Dampness. Acts as a sedative by eliminating Heart Fire. Eliminates Stomach Fire. Expel parasites"

In the context of Pu Ji Xiao Du Yin, it is used because it clear and drain the Toxic-Heat from the Upper Burner.

Learn more about Goldthread Rhizomes (Huang Lian)

Niu Bang Zi is a deputy ingredient in Pu Ji Xiao Du Yin. This means it helps the king ingredient(s) treat the main pattern or it serves to treat a coexisting pattern.

3. Greater Burdock Fruits (Niu Bang Zi)

Part used: Dried ripe fruit

Nature: Cold

Taste(s): BitterPungent

Meridian affinity: LungStomach

Category: Cool/Acrid herbs that release the Exterior

In general Niu Bang Zi's main actions are as follows: "Relieves the Exterior and disperses Heat. Allows the release of toxicity from the surface and clears Heat. Reduces swelling and clears pathogenic Heat. Lubricates the Intestines. Relieves sore throat."

In the context of Pu Ji Xiao Du Yin, it is used because it disperse Wind-Heat from the Upper Burner, head, and face.

Learn more about Greater Burdock Fruits (Niu Bang Zi)

Lian Qiao is a deputy ingredient in Pu Ji Xiao Du Yin. This means it helps the king ingredient(s) treat the main pattern or it serves to treat a coexisting pattern.

4. Forsythia Fruits (Lian Qiao)

Part used: Dried fruit

Nature: Cool

Taste(s): Bitter

Meridian affinity: HeartLungSmall intestine

Category: Herbs that clear Heat and relieve Toxicity

In general Lian Qiao's main actions are as follows: "Expels Heat and toxicity from the Blood. Dispels External Wind-Heat. Reduces lumps, swollen lymph nodes and sores of a Heated nature."

In the context of Pu Ji Xiao Du Yin, it is used because it disperse Wind-Heat from the Upper Burner, head, and face.

Learn more about Forsythia Fruits (Lian Qiao)

Bo He is a deputy ingredient in Pu Ji Xiao Du Yin. This means it helps the king ingredient(s) treat the main pattern or it serves to treat a coexisting pattern.

5. Wild Mint (Bo He)

Part used: Dried aerial parts

Nature: Cool

Taste(s): Pungent

Meridian affinity: LiverLung

Category: Cool/Acrid herbs that release the Exterior

In general Bo He's main actions are as follows: "Relieves the Exterior and disperses Wind-Heat. Clears Wind-Heat from the head, eyes and throat. Allows the release of toxins from the skin. Moves Stagnant Liver Qi"

In the context of Pu Ji Xiao Du Yin, it is used because it disperse Wind-Heat from the Upper Burner, head, and face.

Learn more about Wild Mint (Bo He)

Jiang Can is a deputy ingredient in Pu Ji Xiao Du Yin. This means it helps the king ingredient(s) treat the main pattern or it serves to treat a coexisting pattern.

6. Silkworms (Jiang Can)

Part used: the whole worm

Nature: Neutral

Taste(s): PungentSalty

Meridian affinity: LiverLung

Category: Herbs that pacify Internal Liver Wind and stop Tremors

In general Jiang Can's main actions are as follows: "Antispasmodic, subdues Internal Wind. Expels Wind and stops pain. Clears Toxins and dissipates nodules. "

In the context of Pu Ji Xiao Du Yin, it is used because it is acrid and neutral. It disperse Wind-Heat from the Upper Burner, head, and face.

Learn more about Silkworms (Jiang Can)

Xuan Shen is a deputy ingredient in Pu Ji Xiao Du Yin. This means it helps the king ingredient(s) treat the main pattern or it serves to treat a coexisting pattern.

7. Ningpo Figwort Roots (Xuan Shen)

Part used: Dried rhizome

Nature: Cold

Taste(s): Bitter

Meridian affinity: Large intestineLiverStomach

Category: Herbs that cool the Blood

In general Xuan Shen's main actions are as follows: "Expels true or Internal Heat and cools the Blood. Tonifies the Yin. Reduces inflammations and drains Fire toxicity. Reduces hard nodules, especially associated with the lymph."

In the context of Pu Ji Xiao Du Yin, it is used because it clear Heat from the throat and relieve the Toxic-Fire there.

Learn more about Ningpo Figwort Roots (Xuan Shen)

Ma Bo is a deputy ingredient in Pu Ji Xiao Du Yin. This means it helps the king ingredient(s) treat the main pattern or it serves to treat a coexisting pattern.

8. Puffball (Ma Bo)

Part used: The whole plant

Nature: Neutral

Taste(s): Pungent

Meridian affinity: Lung

Category: Herbs that clear Heat and relieve Toxicity

In general Ma Bo's main actions are as follows: "Clears Lung Fire and benefits the throat. Stops bleeding when applied externally. "

In the context of Pu Ji Xiao Du Yin, it is used because it clear Heat from the throat and relieve the Toxic-Fire there.

Learn more about Puffball (Ma Bo)

Ban Lan Gen is a deputy ingredient in Pu Ji Xiao Du Yin. This means it helps the king ingredient(s) treat the main pattern or it serves to treat a coexisting pattern.

9. Woad Roots (Ban Lan Gen)

Part used: Dried root

Nature: Cold

Taste(s): Bitter

Meridian affinity: StomachLiver

Category: Herbs that cool the Blood

In general Ban Lan Gen's main actions are as follows: "Expels Heat and Fire toxicity. Cools the Blood. Dispels Damp-Heat in the Lower Burner."

In the context of Pu Ji Xiao Du Yin, it is used because it clear Heat from the throat and relieve the Toxic-Fire there.

Learn more about Woad Roots (Ban Lan Gen)

Jie Geng is a deputy ingredient in Pu Ji Xiao Du Yin. This means it helps the king ingredient(s) treat the main pattern or it serves to treat a coexisting pattern.

10. Platycodon Roots (Jie Geng)

Part used: Dried root

Nature: Neutral

Taste(s): BitterPungent

Meridian affinity: Lung

Category: Warm herbs that transform Phlegm and stop Cough

In general Jie Geng's main actions are as follows: "Opens the Lungs and smoothes the flow of Lung Qi. Expels Phlegm and pus from the Lungs and throat, can be used for either Wind-Cold or Wind-Heat according to the other herbs in the formula. Directs the actions of other herbs to the Upper Warmer."

In the context of Pu Ji Xiao Du Yin, it is used because it clear Heat from the throat and relieve the Toxic-Fire there.

Learn more about Platycodon Roots (Jie Geng)

Gan Cao is a deputy ingredient in Pu Ji Xiao Du Yin. This means it helps the king ingredient(s) treat the main pattern or it serves to treat a coexisting pattern.

11. Liquorice (Gan Cao)

Part used: Dried root and rhizome

Nature: Neutral

Taste(s): Sweet

Meridian affinity: HeartLungSpleenStomach

Category: Tonic herbs for Qi Deficiency

In general Gan Cao's main actions are as follows: "Tonifies the Basal Qi and nourishes the Spleen Qi. Clears Heat and dispels toxicity. Moistens the Lungsexpel phlegm and stop coughing. Relieves spasms and alleviates pain. Harmonizes and moderates the effects of other herbs."

In the context of Pu Ji Xiao Du Yin, it is used because it clear Heat from the throat and relieve the Toxic-Fire there.

Learn more about Liquorice (Gan Cao)

Ju Hong is an assistant ingredient in Pu Ji Xiao Du Yin. This means that it either serves to reinforces the effect of other ingredients or it moderates their toxicity.

12. Red Tangerine Peel (Ju Hong)

Part used: Dried exocarp

Nature: Warm

Taste(s): BitterPungent

Meridian affinity: SpleenLung

Category: Herbs that regulate Qi

Ju Hong regulates the Qi to ensure the free flow of Blood and Qi and thereby prevent the pathogenic influences from Stagnation.  This helps to reduce toxic swelling.

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Chai Hu is an envoy ingredient in Pu Ji Xiao Du Yin. This means that it directs the formula towards certain area of the body and/or harmonizes the actions of other ingredients.

13. Bupleurum Roots (Chai Hu)

Part used: Dried root and rhizome

Nature: Cool

Taste(s): Bitter

Meridian affinity: GallbladderLiver

Category: Cool/Acrid herbs that release the Exterior

Chai Hu raises the Yang, disperses Wind-Heat, and conducts the other ingredients to the head. It is also effective in dispersing Fire stagnation.

Learn more about Bupleurum Roots (Chai Hu)

Sheng Ma is an envoy ingredient in Pu Ji Xiao Du Yin. This means that it directs the formula towards certain area of the body and/or harmonizes the actions of other ingredients.

14. Bugbane Rhizomes (Sheng Ma)

Part used: Dried rhizome

Nature: Cool

Taste(s): PungentSweet

Meridian affinity: Large intestineLungSpleenStomach

Category: Cool/Acrid herbs that release the Exterior

Sheng Ma raises the Yang, disperses Wind-Heat, and conducts the other ingredients to the head. It is also effective in dispersing Fire stagnation.

Learn more about Bugbane Rhizomes (Sheng Ma)

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