The information provided here is not a replacement for a doctor. You shouldn't use it for the purpose of self-diagnosing or self-medicating but rather so you can have a more informed discussion with a professional TCM practitioner.
Jiao Tai Wan is a 2-ingredient Chinese Medicine formula with Goldthread Rhizomes (Huang Lian) as a principal ingredient.
Invented in 1522 AD, it belongs to the category of formulas that nourish the Heart and calm the Mind. Its main action is that it restores the functional communication between the Heart and the Kidneys.
In Chinese Medicine health conditions are thought to arise due to "disharmonies" in the body as a system. These disharmonies are called "patterns" and the very purpose of herbal formulas is to fight them in order to restore the body's harmony.
In this case Jiao Tai Wan is used by TCM practitioners to fight patterns like Heart and Kidney Yin Deficiency, Kidneys And Heart Not Harmonized or Disharmony between Heart and Kidneys caused by Kidney Yang Deficiency. From a Western Medicine standpoint, such patterns can give rise to a range of conditions such as nervous exhaustion, autonomic dystonia or hypertension for instance.
On this page, after a detailed description of each of the two ingredients in Jiao Tai Wan, we review the patterns and conditions that Jiao Tai Wan helps treat.
Huang Lian is a king ingredient in Jiao Tai Wan. Like the name indicates, it means it has more power than other ingredients in the formula.
Part used: Dried rhizome
Category: Herbs that clear Heat and dry Dampness
Huang Lian clears pathogenic Heat from the Heart and thereby calms the Mind. By doing so, the ability of the Kidneys to foster a sense of inner rootedness and strength is facilitated so the normal functional relationship between those two Organs is restored. With the anxiety of the Heart and Mind quelled, the Yin is no longer threatened, Kidney Yin is able to ascend and Heart Yin is nourished.
Rou Gui is an assistant ingredient in Jiao Tai Wan. This means that it either serves to reinforces the effect of other ingredients or it moderates their toxicity.
Part used: Dried stem bark
Rou Gui is acrid and hot. It tonifies the Gate of Life to assist the Yang. Its warmth enters the Blood to open the vessels and facilitate the Blood movement. It also stimulates the Qi dynamic and transformation throughout the whole body.
It's important to remember that herbal formulas are meant to treat patterns, not "diseases" as understood in Western Medicine. According to Chinese Medicine patterns, which are disruptions to the body as a system, are the underlying root cause for diseases and conditions.
As such Jiao Tai Wan is used by TCM practitioners to treat three different patterns which we describe below.
But before we delve into these patterns here is an overview of the Western conditions they're commonly associated with:
Again it wouldn't be correct to say "Jiao Tai Wan treats nervous exhaustion" for instance. Rather, Jiao Tai Wan is used to treat patterns that are sometimes the root cause behind nervous exhaustion.
Now let's look at the three patterns commonly treated with Jiao Tai Wan.
Pulse type(s): Overflowing (Hong), Rapid (Shu), Empty (Xu)
Tongue color: Red, Red tip
Tongue shape: Cracked
Jiao Tai Wan is sometimes prescribed by TCM practitioners to treat Heart and Kidney Yin Deficiency. This pattern leads to symptoms such as palpitations, insomnia, poor memory and night sweats. Patients with Heart and Kidney Yin Deficiency typically exhibit overflowing (Hong), rapid (Shu) or empty (Xu) pulses as well as a red, red tip tongue.
Also called "Kidneys and Heart not Harmonized", this pattern occurs when Kidney Yin is Deficient and cannot nourish the Heart Yin which thus becomes Deficient. It results in a flaring up of Empty-Heat in the Heart with accompanying symptoms such as mental restlessness, insomnia, dream disturbed... read more about Heart and Kidney Yin Deficiency
Pulse type(s): Deep (Chen), Rapid (Shu), Empty (Xu), Weak (Ruo), Floating (Fu)
Symptoms: Anxiety Insomnia Tinnitus Dizziness Dry stools Poor memory Palpitations Restlessness Night sweats Five palm heat Lower back pain Diminished hearing Dry throat at night Dream disturbed sleep Scanty and dark urine Feeling of heat in the evening Nocturnal emissions with dreams Thirst with desire to drink in small sips
Jiao Tai Wan is sometimes prescribed by TCM practitioners to treat Kidneys And Heart Not Harmonized. This pattern leads to symptoms such as palpitations, restlessness, insomnia and dream disturbed sleep. Patients with Kidneys And Heart Not Harmonized typically exhibit deep (Chen), rapid (Shu), empty (Xu), weak (Ruo) or floating (Fu) pulses.
There is a strong relationship between Kidneys and Heart because Essence (Jing) housed in the Kidneys is the foundation for the Mind housed in the Heart. If Essence is... read more about Kidneys And Heart Not Harmonized
Pulse type(s): Fine (Xi), Rapid (Shu)
Tongue coating: Partial absence of coating
Tongue color: Red
Jiao Tai Wan is sometimes prescribed by TCM practitioners to treat Disharmony between Heart and Kidneys caused by Kidney Yang Deficiency. This pattern leads to symptoms such as irritability, restlnessness, severe and continuous palpitations and coolness of the lower limbs. Patients with Disharmony between Heart and Kidneys caused by Kidney Yang Deficiency typically exhibit fine (Xi) or rapid (Shu) pulses as well as a red tongue with partial absence of coating.
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