Pagoda tree pods (Huai Jiao) Saposhnikovia roots (Fang Feng) Baikal skullcap roots (Huang Qin) Dong quai (Dang Gui)

Huai Jiao Wan

Chinese: 槐角丸

Pinyin: Huái Jiǎo Wán

Other names: Sophora Japonicae Fruit Pill

Number of ingredients: 6 herbs

Formula category: Formulas that stop bleeding

Conditions for which it may be prescribed: HemorrhoidsRectal prolapseHeavy menstruation and one other condition

  1. Clears heat from the Intestines
  2. Stops bleeding
  3. Disperses wind
  4. Regulates Qi

Source date: 1107 AD

Source book: Formulary of the Pharmacy Service for Benefiting the People in the Taiping Era

Huai Jiao Wan is a 6-ingredient Chinese Medicine formula with Pagoda Tree Pods (Huai jiao) as a principal ingredient.

Invented in 1107 AD, it belongs to the category of formulas that stop bleeding. Its main actions are: 1) clears heat from the Intestines and 2) stops bleeding.

In Chinese Medicine health conditions are thought to arise due to "disharmonies" in the body as a system. These disharmonies are called "patterns" and the very purpose of herbal formulas is to fight them in order to restore the body's harmony.

In this case Huai Jiao Wan is used by TCM practitioners to fight patterns like Heat in the Blood. From a Western Medicine standpoint, such patterns can give rise to a range of conditions such as heavy menstruation, hemorrhoids or bleeding hemorrhoids for instance.

On this page, after a detailed description of each of the six ingredients in Huai Jiao Wan, we review the patterns and conditions that Huai Jiao Wan helps treat.

The six ingredients in Huai Jiao Wan

Huai jiao is a king ingredient in Huai Jiao Wan. Like the name indicates, it means it has more power than other ingredients in the formula.

1. Pagoda Tree Pods (Huai jiao)

Part used: The dried ripe fruits

Nature: Cold

Taste(s): Bitter

Meridian affinity: GallbladderLarge intestineLiver

Category: Herbs that stop bleeding

Huai jiao clears Damp Heat from the Intestines, drains Heat and clears the Intestines, cools the Blood, and also stops bleeding.

Learn more about Pagoda Tree Pods (Huai jiao)

Fang Feng is an assistant ingredient in Huai Jiao Wan. This means that it either serves to reinforces the effect of other ingredients or it moderates their toxicity.

2. Saposhnikovia Roots (Fang Feng)

Part used: Dried root

Nature: Warm

Taste(s): PungentSweet

Meridian affinity: BladderSpleenLiver

Category: Warm/Acrid herbs that release the Exterior

Fang Feng promotes the Qi movement and thus calms the Intestines. It focuses on the Intestines and enters the Blood level to move Qi.

Learn more about Saposhnikovia Roots (Fang Feng)

3. Baikal Skullcap Roots (Huang Qin)

Part used: Dried root

Nature: Cold

Taste(s): Bitter

Meridian affinity: GallbladderSpleenHeartLarge intestineLungSmall intestine

Category: Herbs that clear Heat and dry Dampness

In general Huang Qin's main actions are as follows: "Expels Heat and Dampness. Clears Upper Burner Heat, especially of the Lung. Clears Heat and stops reckless movement of Blood. Clears pathogenic Heat which is upsetting the fetus. Cools the Liver, reducing Liver Yang rising syndrome."

In the context of Huai Jiao Wan, it is used because it clears Heat and drains Fire. It prevent the Yang from rising in the Liver Channel.

Learn more about Baikal Skullcap Roots (Huang Qin)

4. Dong Quai (Dang Gui)

Part used: Dried root

Nature: Warm

Taste(s): PungentSweet

Meridian affinity: SpleenHeartLiver

Category: Tonic herbs for Blood Deficiency

In general Dang Gui's main actions are as follows: "Tonifies the Blood. Lubricates the Intestines. Relieve constipation. Promotes circulation and dispels Bi Pain. Reduce Dysmenorrhea and help with irregular menstruation."

In the context of Huai Jiao Wan, it is used because it stops chronic bleeding that is caused by Qi and Blood Deficiency.

Learn more about Dong Quai (Dang Gui)

5. Bitter Oranges (Zhi Ke)

Part used: Dried ripe fruit

Nature: Warm

Taste(s): BitterPungentSour

Meridian affinity: SpleenStomach

Category: Herbs that regulate Qi

In general Zhi Ke's main actions are as follows: "To regulate the flow of Qi, remove its stagnation, and alleviate distension."

In the context of Huai Jiao Wan, it is used because it promotes the movement of Qi and thereby relaxes the Intestines.

Learn more about Bitter Oranges (Zhi Ke)

6. Sanguisorba Roots (Di yu)

Part used: The dried root

Nature: Cool

Taste(s): BitterSour

Meridian affinity: StomachLarge intestineLiver

Category: Herbs that stop bleeding

In general Di yu's main actions are as follows: "Reduces Heat in the Blood, drains Damp-Heat and stops bleeding. Stops diarrhea. Applied topically it reduces inflammation and aids in wound healing."

In the context of Huai Jiao Wan, it is used because it treats chronic or profuse rectal bleeding.

Learn more about Sanguisorba Roots (Di yu)

Huai Jiao Wan is used to treat Heat in the Blood

It's important to remember that herbal formulas are meant to treat patterns, not "diseases" as understood in Western Medicine. According to Chinese Medicine patterns, which are disruptions to the body as a system, are the underlying root cause for diseases and conditions.

As such Huai Jiao Wan is mostly used to treat the pattern "Heat in the Blood" which we describe below.

But before we delve into Heat in the Blood here is an overview of the Western conditions it is commonly associated with:

Heavy menstruation Hemorrhoids Bleeding hemorrhoids Rectal prolapse

Again it wouldn't be correct to say "Huai Jiao Wan treats heavy menstruation" for instance. Rather, Huai Jiao Wan is used to treat Heat in the Blood, which is sometimes the root cause behind heavy menstruation.

Now let's look at Heat in the Blood, a pattern that TCM practitioners commonly treat with Huai Jiao Wan.

Blood (Xue) is one of Chinese Medicine's vital subtances. Learn more about Blood in Chinese Medicine

Heat in the Blood

Huai Jiao Wan is sometimes prescribed by TCM practitioners to treat Heat in the Blood. This pattern leads to symptoms such as frequent bleeding episodes, fever, feeling of heat and red skin eruptions. Patients with Heat in the Blood typically exhibit rapid (Shu) pulses as well as a red tongue.

The most common cause of Heat in the Blood is a Heat Pernicious Influence that has invaded the body and agitates the Blood. This results in accelerated blood flow which manifests itself in a rapid pulse, expanded and damaged Blood vessels and often heavy bleeding. The Blood will be fresh red or... read more about Heat in the Blood

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