Cuscuta seeds (Tu Si Zi) Schisandra berries (Wu Wei Zi) Yam (Shan Yao) Lotus seeds (Lian Zi)

Fu Tu Dan

Chinese: 茯菟丹

Pinyin: Fú Tú Dān

Other names: Poria and Cuscuta Special Pill

Number of ingredients: 5 herbs

Formula category: Formulas that secure Essence and stop enuresis

  1. Stabilizes the Kidney Qi
  2. Strengthens the Spleen
  3. Stops leakage

Source date: 1107 AD

Source book: Formulary of the Pharmacy Service for Benefiting the People in the Taiping Era

Fu Tu Dan is a 5-ingredient Chinese Medicine formula with Cuscuta Seeds (Tu Si Zi) as a principal ingredient.

Invented in 1107 AD, it belongs to the category of formulas that secure Essence and stop enuresis. Its main actions are: 1) stabilizes the Kidney Qi and 2) strengthens the Spleen.

On this page, after a detailed description of each of the five ingredients in Fu Tu Dan, we review the patterns and conditions that Fu Tu Dan helps treat.

The five ingredients in Fu Tu Dan

Tu Si Zi is a king ingredient in Fu Tu Dan. Like the name indicates, it means it has more power than other ingredients in the formula.

1. Cuscuta Seeds (Tu Si Zi)

Part used: Dried ripe seeds

Nature: Warm

Taste(s): Sweet

Meridian affinity: SpleenKidneyLiver

Category: Tonic herbs for Yang Deficiency

In general Tu Si Zi's main actions are as follows: "Tonifies Kidney Yang and Essence. Nourishes the Liver."

Learn more about Cuscuta Seeds (Tu Si Zi)

2. Schisandra Berries (Wu Wei Zi)

Part used: Dried ripe fruits

Nature: Warm

Taste(s): SourSweet

Meridian affinity: HeartKidneyLung

Category: Herbs that stabilize and bind

In general Wu Wei Zi's main actions are as follows: "Tonifies the Kidneys and preserves the Essence. Astringes the Lung Qi and stops coughing. Retains Bodily Fluids and encourages their production. Tonifies the Heart and calms the spirit (Shen)."

Learn more about Schisandra Berries (Wu Wei Zi)

3. Yam (Shan Yao)

Part used: Dried rhizome

Nature: Neutral

Taste(s): Sweet

Meridian affinity: SpleenKidneyLung

Category: Tonic herbs for Qi Deficiency

In general Shan Yao's main actions are as follows: "Tonifies the Spleen and Stomach. Tonifies the Lung Qi and nourishes the Lung Yin. Nourishes the Kidneys and consolidates Jing."

Learn more about Yam (Shan Yao)

4. Lotus Seeds (Lian Zi)

Part used: Dried ripe seed

Nature: Neutral

Taste(s): SourSweet

Meridian affinity: SpleenHeartKidney

Category: Herbs that stabilize and bind

In general Lian Zi's main actions are as follows: "Tonifies the Spleen, stops diarrhea. Strengthens the Kidneys, reinforces Essence. Nourishes the Blood and calms the mind."

Learn more about Lotus Seeds (Lian Zi)

5. Poria-Cocos Mushrooms (Fu Ling)

Part used: Dried sclerotium

Nature: Neutral

Taste(s): Sweet

Meridian affinity: SpleenHeartKidneyLung

Category: Herbs that drain Dampness

In general Fu Ling's main actions are as follows: "Encourages urination and drains Dampness. Tonic to the Spleen/Stomach. Assists the Heart and calms the Spirit."

Learn more about Poria-Cocos Mushrooms (Fu Ling)

Fu Tu Dan is used to treat Spleen and Kidney Qi Deficiency

The Spleen is a so-called "Zang" Organ. Learn more about the Spleen in Chinese Medicine

Spleen and Kidney Qi Deficiency

Pulse type(s): Weak (Ruo), Hidden (Fu)

Tongue coating: Thin white coating

Tongue color: Pale

Symptoms: Spermatorrhea Poor appetite Listlessness and shiny white complexion

Fu Tu Dan is sometimes prescribed by TCM practitioners to treat Spleen and Kidney Qi Deficiency. This pattern leads to symptoms such as spermatorrhea, listlessness and shiny white complexion and poor appetite. Patients with Spleen and Kidney Qi Deficiency typically exhibit weak (Ruo) or hidden (Fu) pulses as well as a pale tongue with thin white coating.

Learn more about Spleen and Kidney Qi Deficiency

Formulas similar to Fu Tu Dan

Wen Qi Hua Shi Tang is 43% similar to Fu Tu Dan

Ling Gan Wu Wei Jiang Xin Tang is 40% similar to Fu Tu Dan

Wu Zi Yan Zong Wan is 40% similar to Fu Tu Dan

Liu Wei Di Huang Wan is 33% similar to Fu Tu Dan

Zuo Gui Yin is 33% similar to Fu Tu Dan

Ren Shen Zi Xie Tang is 29% similar to Fu Tu Dan