Muttons (Yang Rou) Dong quai (Dang Gui) Fresh ginger (Sheng Jiang)

Chinese: 当归生姜羊肉汤

Pinyin: Dāng Guī Shēng Jiāng Yáng Ròu Tāng

Other names: Mutton Stew with Tangkuei and Fresh Ginger

Number of ingredients: 3 herbs

Formula category: Formulas that tonify Qi and Blood

Conditions for which it may be prescribed: HerniaLeukorrheaPostpartum weakness and two other conditions

  1. Warms the Interior
  2. Nourishes the Blood
  3. Alleviates Pain

Source date: 220 AD

Source book: Essentials from the Golden Cabinet

Dang Gui Sheng Jiang Yang Rou Tang is a 3-ingredient Chinese Medicine formula with Muttons (Yang Rou) as a principal ingredient.

Invented in 220 AD, it belongs to the category of formulas that tonify Qi and Blood. Its main actions are: 1) warms the Interior and 2) nourishes the Blood.

In Chinese Medicine health conditions are thought to arise due to "disharmonies" in the body as a system. These disharmonies are called "patterns" and the very purpose of herbal formulas is to fight them in order to restore the body's harmony.

From a Western Medicine standpoint, such patterns can give rise to a range of conditions such as postpartum weakness, hernia or leukorrhea for instance.

On this page, after a detailed description of each of the three ingredients in Dang Gui Sheng Jiang Yang Rou Tang, we review the patterns and conditions that Dang Gui Sheng Jiang Yang Rou Tang helps treat.

The three ingredients in Dang Gui Sheng Jiang Yang Rou Tang

Yang Rou is a king ingredient in Dang Gui Sheng Jiang Yang Rou Tang. Like the name indicates, it means it has more power than other ingredients in the formula.

1. Muttons (Yang Rou)

Part used: Meat

Nature: Warm

Taste(s): Sweet

Meridian affinity: SpleenStomachKidney

Category: Herbs that warm the Interior and/or expel Cold

Yang Rou is heating, sweet, and acrid in nature. Mutton strongly tonifies the Fire at the gate of vitality, nourishes the Blood, and augments the Qi.

Learn more about Muttons (Yang Rou)

Dang Gui is a deputy ingredient in Dang Gui Sheng Jiang Yang Rou Tang. This means it helps the king ingredient(s) treat the main pattern or it serves to treat a coexisting pattern.

2. Dong Quai (Dang Gui)

Part used: Dried root

Nature: Warm

Taste(s): PungentSweet

Meridian affinity: HeartLiverSpleen

Category: Tonic herbs for Blood Deficiency

Dang Gui tonifies without causing Blood Stagnation, and warms without drying. It is also an excellent herb for generating Blood, which is required in this condition.

Learn more about Dong Quai (Dang Gui)

Sheng Jiang is an assistant ingredient in Dang Gui Sheng Jiang Yang Rou Tang. This means that it either serves to reinforces the effect of other ingredients or it moderates their toxicity.

3. Fresh Ginger (Sheng Jiang)

Part used: Fresh root

Nature: Warm

Taste(s): Pungent

Meridian affinity: LungSpleenStomach

Category: Warm/Acrid herbs that release the Exterior

Sheng Jiang scatters the Cold and serves as the assistant ingredient. It also facilitates digestion of the key herbs and there by indirectly aids in tonification. Because it warms, it also assists the deputy herb in moving the Blood. The combination of these three ingredients not only nourishes the Blood, but also disperses the Cold and there by relieves the Pain.

Learn more about Fresh Ginger (Sheng Jiang)

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