Symptom family: Vocal Cord and Voice Disorders

Did you mean? Loss Of Voice

What is Weak Voice?

Weak voice, or feeble vocalization, refers to a condition where the strength and clarity of the vocal sound are significantly reduced. It's a common symptom that can arise from a variety of causes, ranging from overuse or strain of the vocal cords to more serious conditions affecting the throat or respiratory system. In TCM, the voice is a reflection of Lung Qi strength, and a weak voice often signals an underlying disharmony within the body.

How does TCM View Weak Voice?

Traditional Chinese Medicine perceives weak voice as a sign of disharmony or deficiency in the body's Qi, particularly relating to the Lungs and Spleen. TCM emphasizes the interconnectivity of the body's organs and systems, suggesting that a weak voice can result from multiple patterns of imbalance. It underscores the importance of diagnosing the underlying pattern of disharmony to effectively address and treat the symptom.

Root Causes of Weak Voice in TCM

In TCM, weak voice is primarily associated with Qi Deficiency, particularly of the Lungs and Spleen. Lung Qi Deficiency manifests symptoms such as a weak voice, diurnal hyperhidrosis, and reluctance to speak. Spleen Qi Deficiency may present with a weak voice, slight abdominal distension after eating, and a general feeling of weakness.

Another pattern, Lung Yang Deficiency, includes symptoms like a weak voice, coughing and wheezing with copious sputum, and cold extremities. These patterns highlight the intricate relationship between Qi Deficiency and the manifestation of weak voice, underscoring the TCM perspective that the body's energy balance directly influences vocal strength.

Explore below more details about what might cause Weak voice according to TCM.

  • By Syndrome
  • By Organ
  • Qi Deficiency
  • Yang Deficiency
  • Cold
  • Yin Deficiency
  • Blood Deficiency
  • Qi Sinking
  • Wind
Detailed description of the cause

Qi Deficiency

Qi Deficiency in TCM is like running low on battery power. Qi is the vital energy that powers every function in your body. When there's a Qi Deficiency, it means your body doesn't have enough of this essential energy. This can make you feel tired all the time, weak, or even cause shortness of breath. It's similar to how you feel when you haven't had enough sleep or nutritious food. Your body just doesn't have the energy it needs to perform at its best. Unlike modern medicine, which often focuses on specific physical causes for fatigue and weakness, TCM views Qi Deficiency as an overall energy depletion that affects your entire well-being, and it seeks to replenish and balance this vital energy.... see more

Qi Deficiency Patterns That Can Lead to Weak Voice

Common Symptoms: Generalized Fatigue Shortness Of Breath Pale Face Reluctance To Speak Abnormal Uterine Bleeding Lack Of Appetite Diarrhea Coughing

Pattern Name Relevant Symptoms Relevant Formulas
Lung Qi Deficiency Weak voice, Diurnal hyperhidrosis, Reluctance to speak Ba Zhen Tang | Si Jun Zi Tang | Jiu Xian San | Bu Fei Tang | Ren Shen Ge Jie San | Zhi Gan Cao Tang
Spleen Qi Deficiency Weak voice, Slight abdominal distension after eating, General weakness, Desire to lie down, Slight abdominal pain, Excessive gas and flatulence, Bloated abdomen, Dyspepsia, Swollen complexion, Obesity... see more Liu Jun Zi Tang | Si Jun Zi Tang
Lung and Heart Qi Deficiency Weak voice, Shortness of breath, Coughing, Reluctance to speak, Pale face, Frequent colds or flu, Generalized fatigue, Palpitations, Depression, Spontaneous sweat, Sighing... see more Si Jun Zi Tang | Bao Yuan Tang
Qi and Blood Deficiency Weak voice, General weakness, Generalized fatigue, Pale face, Shortness of breath, Palpitations, Dizziness, Poor memory, Insomnia, Reluctance to speak, Lack of appetite, Limb numbness, Skin numbness... see more Ba Zhen Tang | Zhi Gan Cao Tang | Gui Pi Tang | Guo Qi Yin
Qi Deficiency Weak voice, General weakness, Generalized fatigue, Low energy, Reluctance to speak, Spontaneous sweat, Frequent colds or flu, Lack of appetite, Diarrhea, Shortness of breath... see more Liu Jun Zi Tang | Si Jun Zi Tang
Spleen and Lung Qi Deficiency Weak voice, Lack of appetite, Slight abdominal distension after eating, Generalized fatigue, General weakness, Pale face, Weak limbs, Diarrhea, Obesity, Shortness of breath, Coughing, Spontaneous sweat, Reluctance to speak, Frequent colds or flu, Aversion to cold... see more Liu Jun Zi Tang | Si Jun Zi Tang
Spleen and Stomach Qi Deficiency Weak voice, Dizziness, Unsteadiness, Blurry vision, Deafness, Tinnitus, Shortness of breath, Pale face, Lack of appetite, Diarrhea, Belching... see more Bu Zhong Yi Qi Tang
Detailed description of the cause

Yang Deficiency

Yang deficiency in TCM refers to a state where the body's Yang energy, which is responsible for warmth, activity, and function, is weakened or diminished. This pattern of disharmony often arises from chronic illness, aging, or inherent constitutional weakness. Symptoms of Yang deficiency are typically associated with cold and sluggishness, such as a feeling of coldness, cold extremities, pale complexion, low energy or fatigue, and a desire for warmth. Digestive issues like poor appetite, loose stools, and water retention can also be indicative of Yang deficiency.... see more

Yang Deficiency Patterns That Can Lead to Weak Voice

Common Symptoms: Cold Extremities Coughing And Wheezing With Copious Sputum Spontaneous Sweat Frequent Colds Or Flu Pale Face Generalized Fatigue Shortness Of Breath Absence Of Thirst

Pattern Name Relevant Symptoms Relevant Formulas
Lung Yang Deficiency Weak voice, Coughing and wheezing with copious sputum, Cold extremities, Spontaneous sweat, Frequent colds or flu, Pale face, Generalized fatigue, Shortness of breath, Absence of thirst, Wheezing... see more Si Jun Zi Tang | Gan Cao Gan Jiang Tang | Sheng Mai San
Wind-Cold invading with Yang Deficiency Weak voice, Low grade fever, Severe chills, Exhaustion, Hypersomnia, Cold extremities, Lumbar pain, Lower back pain, Lower back coldness, General cold feeling, Lack of sweating, Headaches... see more Ma Huang Xi Xin Fu Zi Tang | Zai Zao San
Detailed description of the cause

Cold

In TCM "Cold" as a pattern of disharmony refers to a specific type of imbalance within the body's systems, often linked to a deficiency or weakness. It's not about feeling physically cold or having a common cold, but rather a metaphorical description of certain symptoms and underlying conditions. When a TCM practitioner says someone suffers from "Cold," it usually implies that the body's Yang energy, which is warm and active, is insufficient or overpowered by Yin energy, which is cool and passive. Symptoms of Cold in TCM can include a general feeling of coldness, cold limbs, pale complexion, low energy, slow metabolism, and a preference for warmth. ... see more

Cold Patterns That Can Lead to Weak Voice

Common Symptoms: Cold Extremities Chills Pale Face Absence Of Thirst Low Energy Perspiration Diarrhea Clear Urination

Pattern Name Relevant Symptoms Relevant Formulas
Empty-Cold Weak voice, Chills, Cold extremities, Pale face, Absence of thirst, Low energy, Perspiration, Diarrhea, Clear urination, Frequent urination... see more Huang Qi Jian Zhong Tang | Da Jian Zhong Tang
Wind-Cold invading with Yang Deficiency Weak voice, Low grade fever, Severe chills, Exhaustion, Hypersomnia, Cold extremities, Lumbar pain, Lower back pain, Lower back coldness, General cold feeling, Lack of sweating, Headaches... see more Ma Huang Xi Xin Fu Zi Tang | Zai Zao San
Detailed description of the cause

Yin Deficiency

Yin deficiency in TCM is a pattern of disharmony characterized by a depletion of the body's Yin energy, which represents the cooling, moistening, and nurturing aspects of our physiology. This condition often arises from factors like chronic stress, overwork, insufficient rest, or prolonged illness. Symptoms of Yin deficiency can include a sensation of heat, especially in the afternoon or evening, night sweats, insomnia, a dry mouth or throat, and a red tongue with little coating. There might also be a general feeling of restlessness or irritability. Since Yin is essential for balancing the body's active and warm Yang energy, its deficiency leads to a relative excess of Yang, manifesting as heat or dryness symptoms.... see more

Yin Deficiency Patterns That Can Lead to Weak Voice

Pattern Name Relevant Symptoms Relevant Formulas
Lung Yin Deficiency Weak voice, Hoarse voice, Itchy throat, Reluctance to speak, Thin chest Jiu Xian San | Yang Yin Qing Fei Tang | Qing Zao Jiu Fei Tang | Bu Fei E Jiao Tang
Detailed description of the cause

Blood Deficiency

Blood Deficiency in TCM is like when your body's tank runs low on the vital energy that blood provides. It's not exactly the same as anemia in modern medicine, which is about having too few red blood cells. Instead, Blood Deficiency in TCM is about your body not having enough of the life-giving qualities that blood brings, like nourishment and moisture. This can make you feel tired, look pale, and even feel dizzy or have blurry vision. It's like a garden not getting enough water to stay lush and vibrant. TCM sees this as an imbalance where the body isn't being nourished as it should be, impacting overall health and well-being.... see more

Blood Deficiency Patterns That Can Lead to Weak Voice

Pattern Name Relevant Symptoms Relevant Formulas
Qi and Blood Deficiency Weak voice, General weakness, Generalized fatigue, Pale face, Shortness of breath, Palpitations, Dizziness, Poor memory, Insomnia, Reluctance to speak, Lack of appetite, Limb numbness, Skin numbness... see more Ba Zhen Tang | Zhi Gan Cao Tang | Gui Pi Tang | Guo Qi Yin
Detailed description of the cause

Qi Sinking

Qi Sinking is a pattern of disharmony in TCM where the body's energy, or Qi, is thought to "sink" or drop down. Imagine a balloon slowly deflating and falling; that's similar to what happens with Qi Sinking. This can lead to feelings of heaviness, fatigue, and even physical symptoms like prolapse of organs or frequent urination. It's as if the body's energy, which usually supports and holds things in place, isn't able to do its job properly. TCM views this as an imbalance where the uplifting and supporting qualities of Qi are weakened.... see more

Qi Sinking Patterns That Can Lead to Weak Voice

Pattern Name Relevant Symptoms Relevant Formulas
Qi Collapsing or Qi Sinking Weak voice, Uterine prolapse, Prolapsed bladder, Stomach prolapse, Nephroptosis, Anus prolapse, Bearing down sensation in abdomen, Hemorrhoids, Chronic diarrhea, Frequent and urgent urination, Urinary incontinence, Generalized fatigue, Low energy, Intestines prolapse, Vaginal prolapse... see more Bu Zhong Yi Qi Tang | Du Shen Tang
Detailed description of the cause

Wind

In TCM "Wind" is a concept that represents a pattern of disharmony, often characterized by its sudden and unpredictable nature, much like a gusty wind changing direction without warning. This pattern is associated with symptoms that come and go quickly or move around the body, such as itching, tremors, or even certain types of pain. Wind is considered to be a primary cause of illnesses that have these rapidly changing characteristics. In TCM, external Wind often refers to illnesses that start suddenly, like the common cold, believed to be caused by external pathogenic factors like climatic changes. On the other hand, internal Wind can be linked to internal imbalances and can manifest in conditions like dizziness or spasms. ... see more

Wind Patterns That Can Lead to Weak Voice

Pattern Name Relevant Symptoms Relevant Formulas
Wind-Cold invading with Yang Deficiency Weak voice, Low grade fever, Severe chills, Exhaustion, Hypersomnia, Cold extremities, Lumbar pain, Lower back pain, Lower back coldness, General cold feeling, Lack of sweating, Headaches... see more Ma Huang Xi Xin Fu Zi Tang | Zai Zao San
Detailed description of the cause

Lung

In TCM the Lungs are seen as the organ responsible for controlling Qi and respiration, as well as being a key part of the body's defensive system. They are thought to maintain the balance and flow of air and moisture, and are closely linked to the skin and hair. When the Lungs are imbalanced or malfunctioning in TCM, it can lead to respiratory issues like coughing or asthma, a weakened immune system, dry skin, and emotional disturbances such as sadness or grief. These symptoms are believed to arise from disruptions in the Lungs' ability to regulate Qi and protect the body, highlighting their central role in maintaining overall health and well-being.... see more

Lung Patterns That Can Lead to Weak Voice

Common Symptoms: Shortness Of Breath Generalized Fatigue Reluctance To Speak Pale Face Frequent Colds Or Flu Coughing Spontaneous Sweat Aversion To Cold

Pattern Name Relevant Symptoms Relevant Formulas
Lung Qi Deficiency Weak voice, Diurnal hyperhidrosis, Reluctance to speak Ba Zhen Tang | Si Jun Zi Tang | Jiu Xian San | Bu Fei Tang | Ren Shen Ge Jie San | Zhi Gan Cao Tang
Lung and Heart Qi Deficiency Weak voice, Shortness of breath, Coughing, Reluctance to speak, Pale face, Frequent colds or flu, Generalized fatigue, Palpitations, Depression, Spontaneous sweat, Sighing... see more Si Jun Zi Tang | Bao Yuan Tang
Lung Yang Deficiency Weak voice, Coughing and wheezing with copious sputum, Cold extremities, Spontaneous sweat, Frequent colds or flu, Pale face, Generalized fatigue, Shortness of breath, Absence of thirst, Wheezing... see more Si Jun Zi Tang | Gan Cao Gan Jiang Tang | Sheng Mai San
Lung Yin Deficiency Weak voice, Hoarse voice, Itchy throat, Reluctance to speak, Thin chest Jiu Xian San | Yang Yin Qing Fei Tang | Qing Zao Jiu Fei Tang | Bu Fei E Jiao Tang
Spleen and Lung Qi Deficiency Weak voice, Lack of appetite, Slight abdominal distension after eating, Generalized fatigue, General weakness, Pale face, Weak limbs, Diarrhea, Obesity, Shortness of breath, Coughing, Spontaneous sweat, Reluctance to speak, Frequent colds or flu, Aversion to cold... see more Liu Jun Zi Tang | Si Jun Zi Tang
Detailed description of the cause

Spleen

In TCM the Spleen plays a vital role in digestion and transformation, converting food into energy and nutrients, and overseeing the distribution of Qi and Blood. It's also crucial in maintaining the health of muscles and limbs and ensuring the blood remains within the vessels. When the Spleen malfunctions in TCM, it can lead to a variety of issues such as digestive disorders, fatigue, weak muscles, bloating, and a feeling of heaviness. It can also cause a pale complexion, poor appetite, and a tendency to bruise easily. Emotionally, a Spleen imbalance is often associated with excessive worry or overthinking, reflecting its role in the interplay between physical and mental health.... see more

Spleen Patterns That Can Lead to Weak Voice

Common Symptoms: Pale Face Lack Of Appetite Diarrhea Generalized Fatigue Shortness Of Breath Chronic Hepatitis Abnormal Uterine Bleeding Slight Abdominal Distension After Eating

Pattern Name Relevant Symptoms Relevant Formulas
Spleen Qi Deficiency Weak voice, Slight abdominal distension after eating, General weakness, Desire to lie down, Slight abdominal pain, Excessive gas and flatulence, Bloated abdomen, Dyspepsia, Swollen complexion, Obesity... see more Liu Jun Zi Tang | Si Jun Zi Tang
Spleen and Lung Qi Deficiency Weak voice, Lack of appetite, Slight abdominal distension after eating, Generalized fatigue, General weakness, Pale face, Weak limbs, Diarrhea, Obesity, Shortness of breath, Coughing, Spontaneous sweat, Reluctance to speak, Frequent colds or flu, Aversion to cold... see more Liu Jun Zi Tang | Si Jun Zi Tang
Spleen and Stomach Qi Deficiency Weak voice, Dizziness, Unsteadiness, Blurry vision, Deafness, Tinnitus, Shortness of breath, Pale face, Lack of appetite, Diarrhea, Belching... see more Bu Zhong Yi Qi Tang
Detailed description of the cause

Stomach

In TCM the Stomach is regarded as the "sea of nourishment," pivotal for digesting food and transforming it into Qi and blood. It works closely with the Spleen to distribute these essential nutrients throughout the body. When the Stomach is out of balance or malfunctions in TCM, it often leads to digestive problems such as bloating, nausea, vomiting, poor appetite, or a feeling of fullness. There may also be issues like acid reflux or a sour taste in the mouth. Emotionally, an imbalanced Stomach can contribute to excessive worry and overthinking, reflecting the TCM belief that physical and emotional well-being are deeply interconnected.... see more

Stomach Patterns That Can Lead to Weak Voice

Pattern Name Relevant Symptoms Relevant Formulas
Spleen and Stomach Qi Deficiency Weak voice, Dizziness, Unsteadiness, Blurry vision, Deafness, Tinnitus, Shortness of breath, Pale face, Lack of appetite, Diarrhea, Belching... see more Bu Zhong Yi Qi Tang
Detailed description of the cause

Heart

In TCM the Heart is considered the "emperor" of all organs, primarily responsible for governing Blood and housing the mind, known as "Shen." It plays a crucial role in maintaining mental-emotional equilibrium and controlling the circulation of Qi and blood throughout the body. When the Heart is imbalanced or malfunctions in TCM, it can lead to a range of issues like heart palpitations, insomnia, dream-disturbed sleep, anxiety, and a flushed complexion. Emotional disturbances such as excessive joy or lack of joy are also seen as signs of Heart disharmony. These symptoms reflect not just physical heart conditions but also the state of one's Shen, indicating the interconnectedness of physical and emotional well-being in TCM.... see more

Heart Patterns That Can Lead to Weak Voice

Pattern Name Relevant Symptoms Relevant Formulas
Lung and Heart Qi Deficiency Weak voice, Shortness of breath, Coughing, Reluctance to speak, Pale face, Frequent colds or flu, Generalized fatigue, Palpitations, Depression, Spontaneous sweat, Sighing... see more Si Jun Zi Tang | Bao Yuan Tang

TCM Herbal Formulas for Weak Voice

TCM treatment for weak voice focuses on tonifying Qi and addressing the specific pattern of disharmony. Ba Zhen Tang and Liu Jun Zi Tang are recommended formulas for Lung Qi Deficiency and Spleen Qi Deficiency, respectively, both aiming to enhance Qi and thereby strengthen the voice.

For Lung Yang Deficiency, Si Jun Zi Tang is suggested to warm and tonify Lung Qi. Addressing Cold patterns, Huang Qi Jian Zhong Tang can be used to warm the middle and dispel Cold, directly impacting the energy required for a strong voice. These formulas are tailored to the individual's specific disharmony pattern, illustrating TCM's holistic approach to treatment.

Explore below some TCM herbal formulas used to address weak voice, organized by cause and by formula type.

  • By Cause
  • By Formula Type
  • Qi Deficiency
  • Yang Deficiency
  • Cold
  • Yin Deficiency
  • Blood Deficiency
  • Qi Sinking
  • Wind
  • Formulas that tonify qi
  • Formulas that tonify qi and blood
  • Formulas that warm the middle and dispel cold
  • Formulas that clear exterior disorders with interior deficiency
  • Formulas that secure lungs and stop coughing
  • Formulas that warm interior cold
  • Formulas that enrich yin and moisten dryness
  • Formulas that disperse dryness and moisten
  • Formulas that nourish yin and tonify
  • Formulas that tonify blood
  • Formulas that rescue devastated yang

All Formulas Recommended for Weak Voice Caused by Qi Deficiency

Formula Patterns Suitable For
Si Jun Zi Tang Lung Qi Deficiency, Spleen Qi Deficiency, Lung and Heart Qi Deficiency, Qi Deficiency, Spleen and Lung Qi Deficiency... see more
Liu Jun Zi Tang Spleen Qi Deficiency, Qi Deficiency, Spleen and Lung Qi Deficiency
Ba Zhen Tang Lung Qi Deficiency, Qi and Blood Deficiency
Zhi Gan Cao Tang Lung Qi Deficiency, Qi and Blood Deficiency
Jiu Xian San Lung Qi Deficiency
Bu Zhong Yi Qi Tang Spleen and Stomach Qi Deficiency
Bu Fei Tang Lung Qi Deficiency
Ren Shen Ge Jie San Lung Qi Deficiency
Bao Yuan Tang Lung and Heart Qi Deficiency
Gui Pi Tang Qi and Blood Deficiency
Guo Qi Yin Qi and Blood Deficiency

All Formulas Recommended for Weak Voice Caused by Yang Deficiency

Formula Patterns Suitable For
Si Jun Zi Tang Lung Yang Deficiency
Gan Cao Gan Jiang Tang Lung Yang Deficiency
Sheng Mai San Lung Yang Deficiency
Ma Huang Xi Xin Fu Zi Tang Wind-Cold invading with Yang Deficiency
Zai Zao San Wind-Cold invading with Yang Deficiency

All Formulas Recommended for Weak Voice Caused by Cold

Formula Patterns Suitable For
Huang Qi Jian Zhong Tang Empty-Cold
Da Jian Zhong Tang Empty-Cold
Ma Huang Xi Xin Fu Zi Tang Wind-Cold invading with Yang Deficiency
Zai Zao San Wind-Cold invading with Yang Deficiency

All Formulas Recommended for Weak Voice Caused by Yin Deficiency

Formula Patterns Suitable For
Jiu Xian San Lung Yin Deficiency
Yang Yin Qing Fei Tang Lung Yin Deficiency
Qing Zao Jiu Fei Tang Lung Yin Deficiency
Bu Fei E Jiao Tang Lung Yin Deficiency

All Formulas Recommended for Weak Voice Caused by Blood Deficiency

Formula Patterns Suitable For
Ba Zhen Tang Qi and Blood Deficiency
Zhi Gan Cao Tang Qi and Blood Deficiency
Gui Pi Tang Qi and Blood Deficiency
Guo Qi Yin Qi and Blood Deficiency

All Formulas Recommended for Weak Voice Caused by Qi Sinking

Formula Patterns Suitable For
Bu Zhong Yi Qi Tang Qi Collapsing or Qi Sinking
Du Shen Tang Qi Collapsing or Qi Sinking

All Formulas Recommended for Weak Voice Caused by Wind

Formula Patterns Suitable For
Ma Huang Xi Xin Fu Zi Tang Wind-Cold invading with Yang Deficiency
Zai Zao San Wind-Cold invading with Yang Deficiency

All "formulas that tonify qi" recommended for weak voice

Formula Patterns Suitable For (if applicable)
Si Jun Zi Tang Lung and Heart Qi Deficiency, Lung Qi Deficiency, Lung Yang Deficiency, Qi Deficiency, Spleen Qi Deficiency, Spleen and Lung Qi Deficiency... see more
Liu Jun Zi Tang Spleen Qi Deficiency, Qi Deficiency, Spleen and Lung Qi Deficiency
Bu Zhong Yi Qi Tang Spleen and Stomach Qi Deficiency, Qi Collapsing or Qi Sinking
Bao Yuan Tang Lung and Heart Qi Deficiency
Bu Fei Tang Lung Qi Deficiency
Ren Shen Ge Jie San Lung Qi Deficiency
Sheng Mai San Lung Yang Deficiency

All "formulas that tonify qi and blood" recommended for weak voice

Formula Patterns Suitable For (if applicable)
Ba Zhen Tang Lung Qi Deficiency, Qi and Blood Deficiency
Zhi Gan Cao Tang Lung Qi Deficiency, Qi and Blood Deficiency
Gui Pi Tang Qi and Blood Deficiency

All "formulas that warm the middle and dispel cold" recommended for weak voice

Formula Patterns Suitable For (if applicable)
Huang Qi Jian Zhong Tang Empty-Cold
Da Jian Zhong Tang Empty-Cold

All "formulas that clear exterior disorders with interior deficiency" recommended for weak voice

Formula Patterns Suitable For (if applicable)
Ma Huang Xi Xin Fu Zi Tang Wind-Cold invading with Yang Deficiency
Zai Zao San Wind-Cold invading with Yang Deficiency

Acupoints for Weak Voice

TCM also recommends acupuncture as a complementary treatment for weak voice, focusing on points that tonify Qi and strengthen the Lung and Spleen. Qihai REN-6 and Shanzhong REN-17 are pivotal in tonifying Original Qi and Gathering Qi, respectively, which are essential for voice strength.

Governing Vessel point Shenzhu DU-12 is another key point that clears Lung Heat and tonifies the Lungs, further supporting vocal strength. These acupoints, when stimulated, can help restore balance and strengthen the voice by addressing the underlying patterns of disharmony.

Explore below some acupoints used to address weak voice, organized by meridian.

  • By Meridian
  • Directing Vessel
  • Governing Vessel
Qihai REN-6

Qihai REN-6

On the midline of the abdomen, 1.5 cun below the umbilicus.

Shanzhong REN-17

Shanzhong REN-17

On the midline of the chest, on the level of the 4th intercostal space or nipples.

Shenzhu DU-12

Shenzhu DU-12

On the back midline, in the depression below the spinous process of the 3th thoracic vertebra (T3).