Myopia, commonly known as nearsightedness, is a visual condition where close objects appear clear, but distant ones are blurry. This refractive error occurs when the eye's shape causes light rays to bend (refract) incorrectly, focusing images in front of the retina instead of on it.
In Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), discerning a patient's "pattern" is essential for treatment. Patterns describe imbalances that lead to symptoms. Myopia in TCM isn't just an eye condition; it's a manifestation of a deeper disharmony such as Heart or Gallbladder Qi Deficiency or Phlegm. Identifying the correct pattern is critical, as it directs a tailored treatment strategy aimed at the underlying cause, ensuring a holistic healing approach.
TCM interprets myopia through two potential patterns. The first is Heart and Gallbladder Qi Deficiency, where a shortfall in vital energy leads to an inability of the Heart to support vision adequately.
The second, Heart Qi Deficiency and Stagnation due to Phlegm Turbidity, suggests that a blockage caused by viscous substances impairs the free flow of Qi, clouding the sensory orifices and leading to visual difficulties. Both patterns underscore the importance of Qi in maintaining clear vision and indicate that myopia may stem from systemic imbalances rather than solely an ocular issue.
To address myopia, TCM recommends formulas that nurture Qi, clear stagnation, and dispel Phlegm. The Ding Zhi Wan formula is specifically tailored for patterns like Heart and Gallbladder Qi Deficiency and Heart Qi Deficiency with Stagnation due to Phlegm Turbidity.
By enhancing Qi and clearing the obstructive Phlegm, this formula helps to correct the underlying energetic imbalances believed to contribute to myopia. TCM practitioners might also include adjunct herbs to target specific symptoms and enhance the formula's effectiveness.
See more details below about Ding Zhi Wan, a herbal formula used to address myopia.
Acupuncture, a key component of TCM, offers additional support for myopia. Points like Guangming GB-37 and Tongziliao GB-1 are selected for their reputed efficacy in benefiting the eyes and addressing the patterns of Qi Deficiency and Stagnation. By stimulating these points, TCM aims to promote the flow of Qi and Blood to the eyes, alleviating the root causes of myopia from within the body's energetic framework.
Explore below some acupoints used to address myopia, organized by meridian.
Lateral to the outer canthus, in the depression on the lateral side of the orbit.
On the forehead, 1 cun above the midpoint of the eyebrow, approximately at the junction of the upper two-thirds and lower third of the vertical line draw from the anterior hairline to the eyebrow.
5 cun directly above the tip of the external malleolus, on the anterior border of the fibula.
0.1 cun superior and medial to the inner canthus.
1.5 cun lateral to the anterior midline and 2.5 cun within the anterior hairline. On the other hand, this point is at the medial third and lateral two-thirds of the distance from anterior midline to the line vertically from Touwei ST-8. Chengguang BL-6 is also 1.5 cun posterior to Wuchu BL-5.
Explore below some TCM herbs used to address myopia, organized by herb category.
Myopia can be treated by these herbs if it stems from damp accumulation, especially in the digestive system, using aromatic properties to transform and dispel dampness.
One such herb is Black Atractylodes Rhizomes (Cang Zhu), which is directly recommended for myopia.