Spleen or Kidney Qi Deficiency

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Pattern factsheet

Related conditions: Early menstruation

Diagnosis

Common symptoms: Fatigue Dizziness Pale face Palpitations Early periods and eight other symptoms

Pulse type(s): Deep (Chen), Weak (Ruo)

Tongue color: Pale

Spleen or Kidney Qi Deficiency is a pattern of disharmony in Chinese Medicine.

Chinese Medicine views the human body as a complex system that tends toward harmony. A pattern of disharmony is a disorder that prevents that harmony from occurring.

Patterns give rise to symptoms that may at first glance seem unrelated from a Western standpoint but that actually make a lot of sense when one understands Chinese Medicine theory. For instance here Spleen or Kidney Qi Deficiency gives rise to such diverse symptoms as early periods, pale menstrual blood, lower back pain and dizziness (as well as nine others).

To diagnose a pattern, analyzing a patient's pulse as well as their tongue is common practice. In the case of Spleen or Kidney Qi Deficiency patients tend to exhibit deep (Chen) or weak (Ruo) pulses as well as a pale tongue.

Patterns aren't exactly the Chinese Medicine equivalent to Western diseases, they're rather the underlying causes behind diseases or health conditions. Here Spleen or Kidney Qi Deficiency is thought to sometimes induce conditions such as early menstruation.

Diagnosing Spleen or Kidney Qi Deficiency

The Spleen is a so-called "Zang" Organ. Learn more about the Spleen in Chinese Medicine

Diagnosing a pattern in Chinese Medicine is no easy feat and should be left to professional practitioners.

In particular one has to know how to differentiate between different types of pulses and tongue coatings, shapes and colors. Here patients with Spleen or Kidney Qi Deficiency will tend to exhibit deep (Chen) or weak (Ruo) pulses as well as a pale tongue.

Practitioners also learn to read from a long list of seemingly unrelated symptoms. Here patients with Spleen or Kidney Qi Deficiency might experience symptoms like early periods, pale menstrual blood, lower back pain and dizziness (full list here above).

Herbal formulas used to treat Spleen or Kidney Qi Deficiency

Bu Zhong Yi Qi Tang

Source date: 1247

Number of ingredients: 10 herbs

Key actions: Tonifies Qi of the Spleen and Stomach (Middle Burner). Raises the Yang. Detoxifies. Lifts what has sunken.

Formula summary

Bu Zhong Yi Qi Tang is a 10-ingredient Chinese Medicine formula with Milkvetch Roots (Huang Qi) as a principal ingredient. Invented in 1247, it belongs to the category of formulas that tonify Qi.

Besides Spleen or Kidney Qi Deficiency, Bu Zhong Yi Qi Tang is also used to treat Qi Deficiency or Qi Collapsing or Qi Sinking.

Read more about Bu Zhong Yi Qi Tang

Gui Pi Tang

Source date: 1529 AD

Number of ingredients: 12 herbs

Key actions: Tonifies and nourish Qi and Blood. Tonifies Heart and Spleen.

Formula summary

Gui Pi Tang is a 12-ingredient Chinese Medicine formula with Ginseng (Ren Shen), Milkvetch Roots (Huang Qi), Atractylodes Rhizomes (Bai Zhu) and Liquorice (Gan Cao) as principal ingredients. Invented in 1529 AD, it belongs to the category of formulas that tonify Qi and Blood.

Besides Spleen or Kidney Qi Deficiency, Gui Pi Tang is also used to treat Qi Deficiency or Blood Deficiency.

Read more about Gui Pi Tang

He Che Da Zao Wan

Number of ingredients: 11 herbs

Key actions: Tonifies the Kidneys. Strengthens the Directing and Penetrating Vessels. Regulates the periods.

Formula summary

He Che Da Zao Wan is a 11-ingredient Chinese Medicine formula with Human Placentas (Zi He Che) as a principal ingredient. It belongs to the category of formulas that tonify Yin and Yang.

Besides Spleen or Kidney Qi Deficiency, He Che Da Zao Wan is also used to treat Kidney-Deficiency or Liver Blood and Kidney Essence Deficiency.

Read more about He Che Da Zao Wan

Special highlight: the link between early menstruation and Spleen or Kidney Qi Deficiency

Ginseng (Ren Shen) is the key herb for Gui Pi Tang, a formula used for early menstruation caused by Spleen or Kidney Qi Deficiency

Qi Deficiency is one of the main causes of early menstruation according to Chinese Medicine. Looking into the details it can be further divided into Spleen Qi and Kidney Qi Deficiency. Concretely the issue is that Qi is deficient and therefore not firm enough to hold Blood inside the vessels. The most common underlying causes are lack of physical exercise, overwork, excessive worry or too much consumption of chilled or uncooked foods. 

Spleen Qi plays a major role in containing the Blood within...Read more about early menstruation