Pericardium Blood Stagnation

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Pattern factsheet

Chinese name: 心包血瘀

Pinyin name: Xīn Bāo Xuè Yū

Associated TCM concepts: Pericardium Blood Blood Stagnation

Related conditions: Migraine Psychosis Depression and nine other conditions


Common symptoms: Cold hands Chest pain Purple lips Palpitations Purple nails and seven other symptoms

Pulse type(s): Knotted (Jie), Wiry (Xian)

Tongue color: Bluish-Purple

The Mind resides in both the Heart and the Pericardium and it can be greatly impacted by Blood Stagnation in both Organs. Therefore all mental related symptoms of Pericardium Blood Stagnation are very similar to the ones of Heart Blood Stagnation

However, the chest related symptoms such as sensation of pain, stiffness or oppression only happen to the Pericardium as it is located in the middle of the chest. The Pericardium channel also go though the chest. The pain mentioned here is severe, like the feeling of stabbing or pricking in the chest. It can also spread to the inner aspect of the left arm or to the shower. 

Due to the connection between the Pericardium and the Lung Channel, the patients may also experience light short of breath. 

Finally, the patients may also have period cramps with dark and clotted menstrual blood. It is due to the relationship between the Pericardium and the Uterus

Related conditions

Hypertension Intercostal neuralgia Migraine Trigeminal neuralgia Depression Psychosis Coronary artery disease Rheumatic valvular heart disease Cor pulmonale Thoracic strains Costochondritis Postconcussion syndrome

Diagnosing Pericardium Blood Stagnation

The Pericardium is a so-called "Zang" Organ. Learn more about the Pericardium in Chinese Medicine

Diagnosing a pattern in Chinese Medicine is no easy feat and should be left to professional practitioners.

In particular one has to know how to differentiate between different types of pulses and tongue coatings, shapes and colors. Here patients with Pericardium Blood Stagnation will tend to exhibit knotted (Jie) or wiry (Xian) pulses as well as a bluish-purple tongue.

Practitioners also learn to read from a long list of seemingly unrelated symptoms. Here patients with Pericardium Blood Stagnation might experience symptoms like cold hands, palpitations, chest pain and chest fullness (full list here above).

Herbal formulas used to treat Pericardium Blood Stagnation

Xue Fu Zhu Yu Tang

Source date: 1830 AD

Number of ingredients: 11 herbs

Key actions: Invigorates the Blood. Dispels blood Stagnation. Spreads the Liver Qi. Unblocks the channels.

Formula summary

Xue Fu Zhu Yu Tang is a 11-ingredient Chinese Medicine formula with Peach Kernels (Tao Ren), Safflowers (Hong Hua) and Szechuan Lovage Roots (Chuan Xiong) as principal ingredients. Invented in 1830 AD, it belongs to the category of formulas that invigorate Blood and dispel Blood Stagnation.

Besides Pericardium Blood Stagnation, Xue Fu Zhu Yu Tang is also used to treat Heart Blood Stagnation or Heart Vessel obstructed.

Read more about Xue Fu Zhu Yu Tang

Most important herbs used to treat Pericardium Blood Stagnation