Exterior Cold invading the Interior

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Pattern factsheet

Diagnosis

Common symptoms: Chills Dizziness Constipation Unsteadiness Abdominal pain and six other symptoms

Pulse type(s): Tight (Jin), Wiry (Xian)

Tongue coating: Thick white coating

Exterior Cold invading the Interior is a pattern of disharmony in Chinese Medicine.

Chinese Medicine views the human body as a complex system that tends toward harmony. A pattern of disharmony is a disorder that prevents that harmony from occurring.

Patterns give rise to symptoms that may at first glance seem unrelated from a Western standpoint but that actually make a lot of sense when one understands Chinese Medicine theory. For instance here Exterior Cold invading the Interior gives rise to such diverse symptoms as abdominal pain, constipation, hypochondriac pain and chills (as well as seven others).

To diagnose a pattern, analyzing a patient's pulse as well as their tongue is common practice. In the case of Exterior Cold invading the Interior patients tend to exhibit tight (Jin) or wiry (Xian) pulses as well as a tongue with thick white coating.

Patterns aren't exactly the Chinese Medicine equivalent to Western diseases, they're rather the underlying causes behind diseases or health conditions. Here Exterior Cold invading the Interior is thought to sometimes induce conditions such as hypertension, pelvic inflammatory disease or trigeminal neuralgia (as well as twenty nine others).

Related conditions

Hypertension Pelvic inflammatory disease Trigeminal neuralgia Conjunctivitis Gingivitis Urticaria Eczema Appendicitis Menieres disease Congestive heart failure Rheumatoid arthritis Lumbar disc disease Periarthritis of the shoulder Sciatica Gallstones Kidney stones Inguinal hernia Orchitis Phlebitis Sties Keratities Tonsillitis Chronic renal failure Chronic glomerulonephritis Hyperaldosteronism Hypothyroidism Ascites from cirrhosis Orthostatic hypotension Basilar insufficiency Osteoarthritis Piriformis syndrome Postconcussion headache

Diagnosing Exterior Cold invading the Interior

The Interior in Chinese Medicine is one of the so-called "Eight Principles". Learn more about Interior in Chinese Medicine

Diagnosing a pattern in Chinese Medicine is no easy feat and should be left to professional practitioners.

In particular one has to know how to differentiate between different types of pulses and tongue coatings, shapes and colors. Here patients with Exterior Cold invading the Interior will tend to exhibit tight (Jin) or wiry (Xian) pulses as well as a tongue with thick white coating.

Practitioners also learn to read from a long list of seemingly unrelated symptoms. Here patients with Exterior Cold invading the Interior might experience symptoms like abdominal pain, constipation, hypochondriac pain and chills (full list here above).

Herbal formulas used to treat Exterior Cold invading the Interior

Zhen Wu Tang

Source date: 220 AD

Number of ingredients: 5 herbs

Key actions: Warms and tonifies the Yang and Qi of the Spleen and Kidneys. Eliminates Dampness.

Formula summary

Zhen Wu Tang is a 5-ingredient Chinese Medicine formula with Prepared Aconite (Zhi Fu Zi) as a principal ingredient. Invented in 220 AD, it belongs to the category of formulas that warm and transform water and Dampness.

Besides Exterior Cold invading the Interior, Zhen Wu Tang is also used to treat Phlegm in the Joints or Spleen Yang Deficiency.

Read more about Zhen Wu Tang

Da Huang Fu Zi Tang

Source date: 220 AD

Number of ingredients: 3 herbs

Key actions: Warms the Interior. Disperses Cold. Unblocks the bowels. Alleviates pain.

Formula summary

Da Huang Fu Zi Tang is a 3-ingredient Chinese Medicine formula with Prepared Aconite (Zhi Fu Zi) as a principal ingredient. Invented in 220 AD, it belongs to the category of formulas that warm and purge.

Read more about Da Huang Fu Zi Tang

Most important herbs used to treat Exterior Cold invading the Interior