Deficiency of the Liver and Kidney Yin

TCM Education Center > Patterns of disharmony > Deficiency of the Liver and Kidney Yin

Pattern factsheet

Related conditions: Insomnia Hemorrhage

Diagnosis

Common symptoms: Insomnia Dry mouth Dizziness Hair loss Sore knees and seven other symptoms

Tongue color: Red

Deficiency of the Liver and Kidney Yin is a pattern of disharmony in Chinese Medicine.

Chinese Medicine views the human body as a complex system that tends toward harmony. A pattern of disharmony is a disorder that prevents that harmony from occurring.

Patterns give rise to symptoms that may at first glance seem unrelated from a Western standpoint but that actually make a lot of sense when one understands Chinese Medicine theory. For instance here Deficiency of the Liver and Kidney Yin gives rise to such diverse symptoms as sore knees, soreness and weakness in the lower back, weak knees and dry mouth (as well as eight others).

To diagnose a pattern, analyzing a patient's pulse as well as their tongue is common practice. In the case of Deficiency of the Liver and Kidney Yin patients tend to exhibit a red tongue.

Patterns aren't exactly the Chinese Medicine equivalent to Western diseases, they're rather the underlying causes behind diseases or health conditions. Here Deficiency of the Liver and Kidney Yin is thought to sometimes induce conditions such as insomnia or hemorrhage.

Diagnosing Deficiency of the Liver and Kidney Yin

The Liver is a so-called "Zang" Organ. Learn more about the Liver in Chinese Medicine

Diagnosing a pattern in Chinese Medicine is no easy feat and should be left to professional practitioners.

In particular one has to know how to differentiate between different types of pulses and tongue coatings, shapes and colors. Here patients with Deficiency of the Liver and Kidney Yin will tend to exhibit a red tongue.

Practitioners also learn to read from a long list of seemingly unrelated symptoms. Here patients with Deficiency of the Liver and Kidney Yin might experience symptoms like sore knees, soreness and weakness in the lower back, weak knees and dry mouth (full list here above).

Herbal formulas used to treat Deficiency of the Liver and Kidney Yin

Er Zhi Wan

Source date: 1534 AD

Number of ingredients: 2 herbs

Key actions: Nourishes Liver Yin. Nourishes Kidney Yin.

Formula summary

Er Zhi Wan is a 2-ingredient Chinese Medicine formula with Glossy Privet Fruits (Nu Zhen Zi) and Eclipta Herbs (Mo han lian) as principal ingredients. Invented in 1534 AD, it belongs to the category of formulas that nourish Yin and tonify.

Besides Deficiency of the Liver and Kidney Yin, Er Zhi Wan is also used to treat Kidney Yin Deficiency or Kidney Deficiency.

Read more about Er Zhi Wan

Most important herbs used to treat Deficiency of the Liver and Kidney Yin