Blood and Qi Deficiency

Home > Patterns of disharmony > Blood and Qi Deficiency

At a glance

Preliminary reading: What is a pattern?

Diagnosis

Common symptoms: Vertigo Pale face Pale lips Pale tongue Palpitations and three other symptoms

Pulse type(s): Weak (Ruo), Fine (Xi)

Tongue coating: Partial absence of coating

Tongue color: Pale

Treatment

Common formulas: Sheng Yu Tang Ba Zhen Tang

Pathology

Blood and Qi Deficiency is a pattern of disharmony in Chinese Medicine.

Chinese Medicine views the human body as a complex system that tends toward harmony. A pattern of disharmony is a disorder that prevents that harmony from occurring.

Patterns give rise to symptoms that may at first glance seem unrelated from a Western standpoint but that actually make a lot of sense when one understands Chinese Medicine theory. For instance here Blood and Qi Deficiency gives rise to such diverse symptoms as lower abdominal pain, pale complexion, lethargic and withdrawn state and palpitations (as well as thirty seven others).

To diagnose a pattern, analyzing a patient's pulse as well as their tongue is common practice. In the case of Blood and Qi Deficiency patients tend to exhibit weak (Ruo) or fine (Xi) pulses as well as a pale tongue with partial absence of coating.

Patterns aren't exactly the Chinese Medicine equivalent to Western diseases, they're rather the underlying causes behind diseases or health conditions. Here Blood and Qi Deficiency is thought to sometimes induce conditions such as absence of menstruation, menstrual cramps or low breast milk supply (as well as five others).

Diagnosing Blood and Qi Deficiency

Pulse type(s): Weak (Ruo) or fine (Xi)

Tongue coating: Partial absence of coating

Tongue color: Pale

Main symptoms: Edema Vertigo Fatigue Anxiety Dry skin Tingling Numbness Insomnia Dry hair Dry eyes Pale face Pale lips Hair loss Tiredness Dizziness Sore back Sore knees Depression Low energy Pale tongue Watery milk Poor memory Palpitations Loose stools Poor appetite Scanty periods Blurred vision Pale complexion Pale color periods Shortness of breath Lower abdominal pain Pale menstrual blood Dull menstrual cramps Feeling of bearing down Thin and watery periods Pain relieved with massage Lethargic and withdrawn state Spontaneous flow of breast milk Menstruation decreases gratually No feeling of distension of the breasts Insufficient or absent lactation after childbirth

Treating Blood and Qi Deficiency

Herbal formulas used to treat Blood and Qi Deficiency

Bu Zhong Yi Qi Tang

Source date: 1247

Number of ingredients: 10 herbs

Key actions: Tonifies Qi of the Spleen and Stomach (Middle Burner). Raises the Yang. Detoxifies. Lifts what has sunken.

Formula summary

Bu Zhong Yi Qi Tang is a 10-ingredient Chinese Medicine formula. Invented in 1247, it belongs to the category of formulas that tonify Qi.

Besides Blood and Qi Deficiency, Bu Zhong Yi Qi Tang is also used to treat Qi Deficiency or Qi Collapsing or Qi Sinking.

Read more about Bu Zhong Yi Qi Tang

Gui Pi Tang

Source date: 1529 AD

Number of ingredients: 12 herbs

Key actions: Tonifies and nourish Qi and Blood. Tonifies Heart and Spleen.

Formula summary

Gui Pi Tang is a 12-ingredient Chinese Medicine formula. Invented in 1529 AD, it belongs to the category of formulas that tonify Qi and Blood.

Besides Blood and Qi Deficiency, Gui Pi Tang is also used to treat Qi Deficiency or Blood Deficiency.

Read more about Gui Pi Tang

Si Wu Tang

Source date: 846 AD

Number of ingredients: 4 herbs

Key actions: Restores and nourishes Blood. Stimulates Blood circulation.

Formula summary

Si Wu Tang is a 4-ingredient Chinese Medicine formula. Invented in 846 AD, it belongs to the category of formulas that tonify Blood.

Besides Blood and Qi Deficiency, Si Wu Tang is also used to treat Blood Deficiency or Blood Stagnation.

Read more about Si Wu Tang

Ba Zhen Tang

Source date: 1326 AD

Number of ingredients: 10 herbs

Key actions: Tonifies and augments Qi. Tonifies and augments Blood.

Formula summary

Ba Zhen Tang is a 10-ingredient Chinese Medicine formula. Invented in 1326 AD, it belongs to the category of formulas that tonify Qi and Blood.

Besides Blood and Qi Deficiency, Ba Zhen Tang is also used to treat Qi and Blood Deficiency or Lung Qi Deficiency.

Read more about Ba Zhen Tang

Ren Shen Yang Rong Tang

Source date: 1174 AD

Number of ingredients: 14 herbs

Key actions: Tonifies Qi and Blood. Nourishes the Heart. Calms the spirit.

Formula summary

Ren Shen Yang Rong Tang is a 14-ingredient Chinese Medicine formula. Invented in 1174 AD, it belongs to the category of formulas that tonify.

Besides Blood and Qi Deficiency, Ren Shen Yang Rong Tang is also used to treat Blood Deficiency or Heart and Spleen Qi and Blood Deficiency.

Read more about Ren Shen Yang Rong Tang

Sheng Yu Tang

Source date: 1336 AD

Number of ingredients: 6 herbs

Key actions: Tonifies Qi and Blood. Preserves the Blood.

Formula summary

Sheng Yu Tang is a 6-ingredient Chinese Medicine formula. Invented in 1336 AD, it belongs to the category of formulas that tonify Blood.

Besides Blood and Qi Deficiency, Sheng Yu Tang is also used to treat Liver and Heart Blood Deficiency.

Read more about Sheng Yu Tang

Ba Zhen Yi Mu Tang

Source date: 1624 AD

Number of ingredients: 9 herbs

Key actions: Tonifies Qi and Blood. Invigorates the Blood.

Formula summary

Ba Zhen Yi Mu Tang is a 9-ingredient Chinese Medicine formula. Invented in 1624 AD, it belongs to the category of formulas that tonify.

Besides Blood and Qi Deficiency, Ba Zhen Yi Mu Tang is also used to treat Blood and Qi Deficiency with Blood Stagnation.

Read more about Ba Zhen Yi Mu Tang

Shi Quan Da Bu Tang

Source date: 1180 AD

Number of ingredients: 10 herbs

Key actions: Warms and tonifies Qi. Warms and tonifies Blood.

Formula summary

Shi Quan Da Bu Tang is a 10-ingredient Chinese Medicine formula. Invented in 1180 AD, it belongs to the category of formulas that tonify Yin and Yang.

Besides Blood and Qi Deficiency, Shi Quan Da Bu Tang is also used to treat Kidney-Deficiency.

Read more about Shi Quan Da Bu Tang

Tong Ru Dan

Source date: 1826 AD

Number of ingredients: 6 herbs

Key actions: Tonifies the Qi and Blood. Removes Stagnation from the breast connecting Meridians.

Formula summary

Tong Ru Dan is a 6-ingredient Chinese Medicine formula. Invented in 1826 AD, it belongs to the categories of formulas that regulate Blood, formulas that regulate Qi and formulas that tonify Qi and Blood.

Read more about Tong Ru Dan

Related conditions

Absence of menstruation Menstrual cramps Low breast milk supply Anemia Hepatitis Nervous exhaustion Habitual miscarriage Ulcers

Special highlight: the link between low breast milk supply and Blood and Qi Deficiency

Prepared Rehmannia (Shu Di huang) is the key herb for Si Wu Tang, a formula used for low breast milk supply caused by Blood and Qi Deficiency

Traditional Chinese Herbalism believes that a lack of milk or a low quality milk supply is often due to low level of Qi and Blood. It's normal, a nursing mother needs much more Qi and Blood than usual and her supplies have been depleted during the act of birth-giving. Qi and Blood are the main ingredients of all Body Fluids, which include breast milk. Therefore, Qi and Blood Deficiency will naturally lead to very little or no breast milk after delivering the baby. 

When breast ducts are empty...Read more about low breast milk supply

Special highlight: the link between menstrual cramps and Blood and Qi Deficiency

Motherwort Herbs (Yi Mu Cao) is the key herb for Ba Zhen Yi Mu Tang, a formula used for menstrual cramps caused by Blood and Qi Deficiency

Qi and Blood Deficiency often only causes dull menstrual cramps. Even in painful periods caused by a Deficiency there is often also an element of Stagnation because Qi can not move Blood properly, which is what leads to dysmenorrhea. It often come along with a dragging feeling around the perineum that can be relieved by massage. There are no clots in the menstrual blood, but the blood is scanty and thin with a pale color.

The cramps often happen towards the end of or after the period. It is...Read more about menstrual cramps