The information provided here is not a replacement for a doctor. You shouldn't use it for the purpose of self-diagnosing or self-medicating but rather so you can have a more informed discussion with a professional TCM practitioner.
Blood and Qi Deficiency is a pattern of disharmony in Chinese Medicine.
Chinese Medicine views the human body as a complex system that tends toward harmony. A pattern of disharmony is a disorder that prevents that harmony from occurring.
Patterns give rise to symptoms that may at first glance seem unrelated from a Western standpoint but that actually make a lot of sense when one understands Chinese Medicine theory. For instance here Blood and Qi Deficiency gives rise to such diverse symptoms as lower abdominal pain, pale complexion, lethargic and withdrawn state and palpitations (as well as thirty seven others).
To diagnose a pattern, analyzing a patient's pulse as well as their tongue is common practice. In the case of Blood and Qi Deficiency patients tend to exhibit weak (Ruo) or fine (Xi) pulses as well as a pale tongue with partial absence of coating.
Patterns aren't exactly the Chinese Medicine equivalent to Western diseases, they're rather the underlying causes behind diseases or health conditions. Here Blood and Qi Deficiency is thought to sometimes induce conditions such as absence of menstruation, menstrual cramps or low breast milk supply (as well as five others).
Please keep in mind that a Western Medicine condition can be caused by several Chinese Medicine patterns of disharmony and vice versa. As such a patient suffering from one of the conditions below will not necessarily be suffering from Blood and Qi Deficiency, it is just one pattern that's commonly associated with the condition. Click on a condition to learn what other patterns it's associated with.
Qi is one of Chinese Medicine's vital subtances. Learn more about Qi in Chinese Medicine
Pulse type(s): Weak (Ruo) or fine (Xi)
Tongue coating: Partial absence of coating
Tongue color: Pale
Possible symptoms: Edema Vertigo Fatigue Anxiety Dry skin Tingling Numbness Insomnia Dry hair Dry eyes Pale face Pale lips Hair loss Tiredness Dizziness Sore back Sore knees Depression Low energy Pale tongue Watery milk Poor memory Palpitations Loose stools Poor appetite Scanty periods Blurred vision Pale complexion Pale color periods Shortness of breath Lower abdominal pain Pale menstrual blood Dull menstrual cramps Feeling of bearing down Thin and watery periods Pain relieved with massage Lethargic and withdrawn state Spontaneous flow of breast milk Menstruation decreases gratually No feeling of distension of the breasts Insufficient or absent lactation after childbirth
Diagnosing a pattern in Chinese Medicine is no easy feat and should be left to professional practitioners.
In particular one has to know how to differentiate between different types of pulses and tongue coatings, shapes and colors. Here patients with Blood and Qi Deficiency will tend to exhibit weak (Ruo) or fine (Xi) pulses as well as a pale tongue with partial absence of coating.
Practitioners also learn to read from a long list of seemingly unrelated symptoms. Here patients with Blood and Qi Deficiency might experience symptoms like lower abdominal pain, pale complexion, lethargic and withdrawn state and palpitations (full list here above).
Source date: 1247
Number of ingredients: 10 herbs
Key actions: Tonifies Qi of the Spleen and Stomach (Middle Burner). Raises the Yang. Detoxifies. Lifts what has sunken.
Bu Zhong Yi Qi Tang is a 10-ingredient Chinese Medicine formula with Milkvetch Roots (Huang Qi) as a principal ingredient. Invented in 1247, it belongs to the category of formulas that tonify Qi.
Source date: 1529 AD
Number of ingredients: 12 herbs
Key actions: Tonifies and nourish Qi and Blood. Tonifies Heart and Spleen.
Gui Pi Tang is a 12-ingredient Chinese Medicine formula with Ginseng (Ren Shen), Milkvetch Roots (Huang Qi), Atractylodes Rhizomes (Bai Zhu) and Liquorice (Gan Cao) as principal ingredients. Invented in 1529 AD, it belongs to the category of formulas that tonify Qi and Blood.
Source date: 846 AD
Number of ingredients: 4 herbs
Key actions: Restores and nourishes Blood. Stimulates Blood circulation.
Si Wu Tang is a 4-ingredient Chinese Medicine formula with Prepared Rehmannia (Shu Di huang) and White Peony Roots (Bai Shao) as principal ingredients. Invented in 846 AD, it belongs to the category of formulas that tonify Blood.
Typical symptoms for low breast milk supply caused by Blood and Qi Deficiency: Fatigue Dry skin Pale face Pale lips Hair loss Watery milk Poor appetite Spontaneous flow of breast milk No feeling of distension of the breasts Insufficient or absent lactation after childbirth
Traditional Chinese Herbalism believes that a lack of milk or a low quality milk supply is often due to low level of Qi and Blood. It's normal, a nursing mother needs much more Qi and Blood than usual and her supplies have been depleted during the act of birth-giving. Qi and Blood are the main ingredients of all Body Fluids, which include breast milk. Therefore, Qi and Blood Deficiency will naturally lead to very little or no breast milk after delivering the baby.
When breast ducts are empty...Read more about low breast milk supply
Typical symptoms for menstrual cramps caused by Blood and Qi Deficiency: Edema Pale face Pale lips Tiredness Dizziness Sore back Sore knees Loose stools Scanty periods Pale color periods Shortness of breath Dull menstrual cramps Feeling of bearing down Thin and watery periods Pain relieved with massage
Qi and Blood Deficiency often only causes dull menstrual cramps. Even in painful periods caused by a Deficiency there is often also an element of Stagnation because Qi can not move Blood properly, which is what leads to dysmenorrhea. It often come along with a dragging feeling around the perineum that can be relieved by massage. There are no clots in the menstrual blood, but the blood is scanty and thin with a pale color.
The cramps often happen towards the end of or after the period. It is...Read more about menstrual cramps